Dong Nai province

Dong Nai province
Dong Nai province
Tỉnh Đồng Nai
—  Province  —
Location of Đồng Nai within Vietnam
Coordinates: 11°7′N 107°11′E / 11.117°N 107.183°E / 11.117; 107.183Coordinates: 11°7′N 107°11′E / 11.117°N 107.183°E / 11.117; 107.183
Country  Vietnam
Region Southeast
Capital Bien Hoa
Government
 - People's Council Chair Trần Đình Thành
 - People's Committee Chair Võ Văn Một
Area
 - Total 5,894.8 km2 (2,276 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 - Total 2,174,600
 - Density 368.9/km2 (955.5/sq mi)
Demographics
 - Ethnicities Vietnamese, Hoa, Xtiêng, Chơ Ro, Chăm
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Calling code 61
ISO 3166 code VN-39
Website www.dongnai.gov.vn

Đồng Nai (About this sound listen) is a province of southeastern Vietnam, located east and northeast of Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). The largest city in Dong Nai is Bien Hoa.

Contents

Administration

Đồng Nai is divided into the following districts:

  • Cẩm Mỹ
  • Định Quán
  • Long Khánh
  • Long Thành
  • Nhơn Trạch
  • Tân Phú
  • Thống Nhất
  • Trảng Bom
  • Vĩnh Cửu
  • Xuân Lộc

The city of Biên Hòa is its own municipality.

Geography

Đồng Nai is situated in southeastern Vietnam and bordered by: Bình Thuận, Lâm Đồng, Bình Dương and Bình Phước, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu, and Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). Dong Nai province has an advanced traffic system with many backbone national roads crossing, such as: National route 1A, national route 20, National route 51, North–South railway lines; Located adjacent to the Saigon Port and Tan Son Nhat International Airport, it offers many advantages to economic activities in the area. Its location is very important for the development of the Southern economic main hub and a junction of the South Eastern and Tay Nguyen Highland.

Demographics

The population of Đồng Nai is primarily the dominant Kinh (Viet) ethnicity, although there are residents of the Chinese, Nung, Tay, and Cham minorities.

Climate

Đồng Nai lies in the monsoon tropical zone and is affected by the north-east and south-west monsoon. It is also put under the influence of Pacific Ocean tropic atmosphere between April and October. Climate is cloven in two distinct seasons. The rainy season lasts from March or April to November and the dry season from December to March or April of the following year. Average temperature goes between 23.9 - 29.0C, much lower than standard level of the tropical regions (26 - 30C). Its rainfall is quite high with 1,500 - 2,700mm.

On average, the weather is sunny for 4 - 9.5 hours a day and does not exceed 11.5 hours per day, even on the hottest and sunniest days. Total rainy days within a year are between 120 - 170 days (standard level of tropical region is 150 - 160 days) with total rainfall of some 1,500 - 2,750mm. The average humidity is around 80 - 82% and humidity in the dry season is 10 - 12% lower than that of the rainy season. The humidity is inconsiderably differential among the areas.

Đồng Nai Province's weather with regular sunshine, rain and high humidity equally found in the localities facilitates agricultural production and development of industry and cultural and tourism activities.

Resources

Đồng Nai is plentiful with forest resources, granite mine, construction stone, clay, kaolin, puzzolan, sand, gravel, etc.

Đồng Nai Province is based essentially on the system of lakes, dams and rivers, of which Tri An Lake with 323km² and over 60 rivers, rivulets and canals are very favorable for the development of a number of aquatic products: raft bred fish and shrimp. Nam Cát Tiên prohibited forest that has been recognized as the international bio reservation zone located on the north of Đồng Nai. From the mountainous area, Đồng Nai River, an inland waterway, flows southeast through Biên Hòa City, Ho Chi Minh City, and villages along its way. This river plays an important role on supplying fresh water for the whole area.

Transportation

Đồng Nai has big progress of investment in upgrading transport system, especially in roads. National highway system with total 244.5 km long has been improving and widening up to delta highway level 1 and 2 standard (National Highway No 5 and 6) or up to third grade like National Highway No 20 to Da Lat, on that way there was 75 kilometers in the province territory had been spread on the surface). Roads system in the province lengthens 3.339 kilometers, of which nearly 700 kilometers is tar surface roads. Moreover, roads system under commune and ward management, roads in farms, industrial parks make a continuous system to localities, 100 percent communes and wards have roads for cars to its center.

Under scheme in the near future, high-speed ways system to Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province and Ho Chi Minh City, Biên Hòa-Vũng Tàu railway system, upgraded provincial roads No 726 and connecting national highway No 20 and No 1 with national highway No 51 will create a complete system, serving for socio economic development demand locally and regionally.

A new airport, Long Thanh International Airport, is planned for construction in Long Thanh district, approx 40 km northeast of Ho Chi Minh City. Upon completion, it will handle international flights to the Southeast region of Vietnam in place of Tan Son Nhat International Airport, which will serve domestic flights. Long Thanh is expected to become a major transportation hub in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.

Economy

Đồng Nai is an industrial province which experienced heavy investment from foreign investors in shipping, food products and manufacturing industries since Vietnam opened to foreign investment in the late 1980s.

Đồng Nai is rapidly modernizing, and because of proximity to Saigon as well as a relatively well-developed infrastructure, commerce has thrived in the province. Đồng Nai is widely electrified, and telephone networks and even ADSL internet connectivity was widespread in the city of Biên Hòa as of January 2004. Even though the cost of living and labor in Vietnam is below that of even India and the Philippines, economic investment is predicted to continue to increase in Đồng Nai.

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