Bien Hoa

Bien Hoa

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name =Biên Hòa
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pushpin_map_caption =Location of in Vietnam
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|Vietnam
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Dong Nai Province
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Biên Hòa audio|Bien Hoa.ogg|pronunciation is a city in Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, about 20 miles (30 kilometers) east of Ho Chi Minh City, to which Bien Hoa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1. In 1989 the estimated population was over 300,000.


Bien Hoa grew into a major suburb of Saigon (later renamed Ho Chi Minh City) as the capital city of South Vietnam grew. Following the First Indochina War, tens of thousands of refugees from the northern and central regions of Vietnam—a large portion of them Roman Catholics—resettled in Bien Hoa.

During the Vietnam War, the United States Air Force operated Bien Hoa Air Base near the city. Nonetheless, a significant number of the city's residents sympathized with, or were members of, the Viet Cong, and mortar attacks on U.S. and ARVN targets were frequently staged from residential districts in Bien Hoa.

Like most other areas of Vietnam, post-war Bien Hoa suffered a period of severe economic decline between 1975 and the second half of the 1980s (see also "the Fall of Saigon"). In part, because of its high concentration of former refugees and their descendants who had fled the Communist government of North Vietnam in the mid-1950s, Bien Hoa was the site of small-scale resistance to the Communist government in the months immediately following the fall of the Republic of Vietnam.

In the 1980s, the Vietnamese government initiated the policy of "doi moi" and Bien Hoa experienced an economic resurgence. As the primary city of Dong Nai, Bien Hoa and surrounding areas received large amounts of foreign investment capital, and the area rapidly industrialized.

Present-day Bien Hoa

As of 2005, Bien Hoa is now an industrial center of southern Vietnam, and many factories and warehouses (often funded in collaboration with Japanese, Singaporean, American, Swiss and other foreign investors) operate in the area surrounding the city. With regard to entertainment, the city includes several amusement parks, night clubs and restaurants lining the Dong Nai River. Construction has increased rapidly (with many Western-style houses and villas under development), and the real estate market has experienced a series of boom cycles since the mid-1990s. The retail market still includes the many "ad hoc" bazaar-type markets and shop-fronts common to most of Vietnam, but now also includes air-conditioned, enclosed shopping malls (one of which, "Big C," includes a KFC restaurant, a Western-style grocery store, a bowling alley and video arcade, among others), as well.

ee also

*Long Binh Jail

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bien Hoa — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Biên Hoa — v. du Viêt nam méridional (proche de Hô Chi Minh Ville), sur le Dong Nai; ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom; 313 000 hab. Centre indust. Elle fut une importante base militaire américaine (1966 1975) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bien Hoa —   [biən hu̯a], Hauptstadt der Provinz Dong Nai, Vietnam, 30 km nordöstlich von Ho Chi Minh Stadt (früher Saigon), 273 900 Einwohner; wichtiges Industriezentrum im südlichen Vietnam, Eisen und Papierindustrie, Gummiproduktion (Kautschukplantagen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Biên Hòa — 10.95106.81666666667 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Biên Hòa — 10°57′N 106°49′E / 10.95, 106.817 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bien Hoa — Original name in latin Bin Ha Name in other language Bia Hoa, Bien Hoa, Bin Ha State code VN Continent/City Asia/Ho Chi Minh longitude 10.95 latitude 106.81667 altitude 11 Population 407208 Date 2012 01 16 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bien Hoa — ▪ Vietnam       city, southern Vietnam. Bien Hoa is located 19 miles (30 km) northeast of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), on the left bank of the Dong Nai River, northeast of the Mekong River delta. It is one of the oldest cities of southern… …   Universalium

  • Bien Hoa Air Base — Infobox Airport name = Bien Hoa Air Base nativename = image width =300 IATA = ICAO = type =military owner = operator = city served = location = elevation f = 79 elevation m = 24 website = r1 number = 09L/27R r1 length f = 10,000 r1 length m =… …   Wikipedia

  • Bien Hoa — [ byen hwä] an industrial city in southern Vietnam, north of Ho Chi Minh City; pop. 314,000. A major U.S. airbase was here during the Vietnam War …   Useful english dictionary

  • Capture of Biên Hòa — The Capture of Bien Hoa (16 December 1861) was an important allied victory in the Cochinchina campaign (1858–62). This campaign, fought between the French and the Spanish on the one side and the Vietnamese on the other, began as a limited… …   Wikipedia

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