- Bien Hoa
name =Biên Hòa
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pushpin_map_caption =Location of in Vietnam
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|Vietnam
subdivision_type1 = Province
Dong Nai Province
latd=10|latm=57 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=106|longm=49 |longs= |longEW=E
footnotes = Biên Hòa audio|Bien Hoa.ogg|pronunciation is a city in
Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, about 20 miles (30 kilometers) east of Ho Chi Minh City, to which Bien Hoa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1. In 1989 the estimated population was over 300,000.
Bien Hoa grew into a major suburb of
Saigon(later renamed Ho Chi Minh City) as the capital city of South Vietnamgrew. Following the First Indochina War, tens of thousands of refugees from the northern and central regions of Vietnam—a large portion of them Roman Catholics—resettled in Bien Hoa.
Vietnam War, the United States Air Forceoperated Bien Hoa Air Basenear the city. Nonetheless, a significant number of the city's residents sympathized with, or were members of, the Viet Cong, and mortar attacks on U.S. and ARVN targets were frequently staged from residential districts in Bien Hoa.
Like most other areas of Vietnam, post-war Bien Hoa suffered a period of severe economic decline between 1975 and the second half of the 1980s (see also "the Fall of Saigon"). In part, because of its high concentration of former refugees and their descendants who had fled the Communist government of
North Vietnamin the mid-1950s, Bien Hoa was the site of small-scale resistance to the Communist government in the months immediately following the fall of the Republic of Vietnam.
In the 1980s, the Vietnamese government initiated the policy of "
doi moi" and Bien Hoa experienced an economic resurgence. As the primary city of Dong Nai, Bien Hoa and surrounding areas received large amounts of foreign investment capital, and the area rapidly industrialized.
Present-day Bien Hoa
2005, Bien Hoa is now an industrial center of southern Vietnam, and many factories and warehouses (often funded in collaboration with Japanese, Singaporean, American, Swiss and other foreign investors) operate in the area surrounding the city. With regard to entertainment, the city includes several amusement parks, night clubs and restaurantslining the Dong Nai River. Construction has increased rapidly (with many Western-style houses and villas under development), and the real estate market has experienced a series of boom cycles since the mid-1990s. The retail market still includes the many "ad hoc" bazaar-type markets and shop-fronts common to most of Vietnam, but now also includes air-conditioned, enclosed shopping malls (one of which, "Big C," includes a KFCrestaurant, a Western-style grocery store, a bowlingalley and video arcade, among others), as well.
Long Binh Jail
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