New World

New World
The World Map by Diogo Ribeiro (1529) labels America as MUNDUS NOVUS. It traces most of South America and the east coast of North America.

The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically America and sometimes Oceania (Australasia). The term originated in the late 15th century, when America had been recently discovered by European explorers, expanding the geographical horizon of the people of the European middle Ages, who had thought of the world as consisting of Europe, Asia, and Africa: collectively now referred to as the Old World.


Name origin

The Spanish scholar Peter Martyr d'Anghiera coined the term "New World"[1] with some twenty editions over the next four years.

In 1524, the term was also used by Giovanni da Verrazzano in a record of his voyage that year along the Atlantic coast of land that is now part of the United States and Canada.[2]

Usage and definition

The terms "Old World" vs. "New World" are primarily meaningful in historical context and for the purpose of distinguishing the world's major ecozones. One can speak of the "New World" in a historical context, e.g., when discussing the voyages of Christopher Columbus, the Spanish conquest of Yucatán and other events of the colonial period; additionally, the term "New World" is sometimes used in a biological context, when one speaks of Old World (Palearctic, Afrotropic) and New World species (Nearctic, Neotropic).

Criticism of term

The term has been criticized as being Eurocentric, patronizing and also for taking an apologetic tone with regards to colonialism.[3]

See also


  1. ^ de Madariaga, Salvador (1952) (in Castilian). Vida del muy magnífico señor Don Cristóbal Colón (5th ed.). Mexico: Editorial Hermes. p. 363. ""nuevo mundo", [...] designación que Pedro Mártyr será el primero en usar" 
  2. ^ Verrazzano, Giovanni da (1524). "The Written Record of the Voyage of 1524 of Giovanni da Verrazzano as recorded in a letter to Francis I, King of France, July 8th, 1524". Citing: Wroth, Lawrence C., ed. (1970). The Voyages of Giovanni da Verrazzano, 1524-1528. Yale, pp. 133-143. Citing: a translation by Susan Tarrow of the Cellere Codex.
  3. ^ , (1970). . The New Press, pp. 65.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New World — n the New World a) North, Central, and South America →↑Old World ▪ Christopher Columbus s voyage of discovery to the New World b) wines from the New World are from non European countries such as South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • New World — Album par The Zombies Sortie 1991 Genre rock psychédélique Producteur The Zombies, David Richards Label Castle Critique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • New World — Студий …   Википедия

  • new-world — «NOO WURLD, NYOO », adjective. of or having to do with the Western Hemisphere; not of the Old World: »new world plants. Also, New World. New World, the Western Hemisphere; North America and South America …   Useful english dictionary

  • New World — war eine 1965 gegründete australische Soft Pop Band. Die Gruppe wurde von dem Briten John Lee (* 9. März 1944 in Ashtead) und dem Australier Mel Noonan (* 10. November 1943 in Sydney) gegründet. 1968 kam als dritter Mann der Schotte John Kane… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • New world — New New (n[=u]), a. [Compar. {Newer} (n[=u] [ e]r); superl. {Newest}.] [OE. OE. newe, AS. niwe, neowe; akin to D. nieuw, OS. niwi, OHG. niuwi, G. neu, Icel. n[=y]r, Dan. & Sw. ny, Goth. niujis, Lith. naujas, Russ. novuii, Ir. nua, nuadh, Gael.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • New World — New World1 adj. designating or of a group of animals or plants native to the Western Hemisphere, esp. the Americas New World2 the Western Hemisphere * * * ➡ America (II) * * * …   Universalium

  • New World — New World1 adj. designating or of a group of animals or plants native to the Western Hemisphere, esp. the Americas New World2 the Western Hemisphere …   English World dictionary

  • New World — New′ World′ n. geg Western Hemisphere 1) …   From formal English to slang

  • New World — ► NOUN ▪ North and South America regarded collectively, in contrast to Europe, Asia, and Africa …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”