Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Grewioideae
Genus: Corchorus

About 40-100 species, including:
Corchorus aestuans
Corchorus capsularis
Corchorus carnarvonensis
Corchorus cunninghamii
Corchorus erodiodes
Corchorus junodi
Corchorus olitorius
Corchorus sidoides
Corchorus tridens
Corchorus walcottii

Corchorus is a genus of about 40-100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.[1]

Different common names are used in different contexts, with jute applying to the fiber produced from the plant, and mallow-leaves for the leaves used as a vegetable. The English common name 'mallow' (also applied to other members of Malvaceae) comes from Arabic: ملوخية‎ (mulukhiyah), with many similar transliterations in other languages like Hebrew: מלוחיה‎ (molokhia).[2]



The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2-4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. The leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5-15 cm long, with an acuminate tip and a finely serrated or lobed margin. The flowers are small (2-3 cm diameter) and yellow, with five petals; the fruit is a many-seeded capsule. It thrives almost anywhere, and can be grown year-round.


The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. It contains around 40 to 100 species.[3]

The genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus. The name was established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the single species Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum Guillaumin from New Caledonia. The genus has been classified in a number of different families including Capparaceae, Cistaceae, Papaveraceae, and Tiliaceae. The putative family name "Oceanopapaveraceae" has occasionally appeared in print and on the web but is a nomen nudum and has never been validly published nor recognised by any system of plant taxonomy.[4]



The fibers from Corchorus (known as jute) are the most widely cultivated vegetable fiber after cotton.[5]


Corchorus aestuans in Hyderabad, India.

The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. Varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a well known Middle Eastern cuisine. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E.[citation needed]

Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves.

In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . Malukhiyah is eaten widely in Egypt and some consider it the Egyptian national dish. It is featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew.[6]

In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala. In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. The stew is usually eaten with rice or foofoo (a traditional food made from cassava).[7][6]

In India, it is locally known as nalta sag. It is a favorite food during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the western part of Orissa. Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel.

In the Philippines, C. olitorius is known as saluyot. It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[8]

In Kenya, it is used as a leafy vegetable consumed as a traditional (non-fried) stew in accompaniment with starchy foods like Ugali, and is called murere or murenda. [9]

See also


  1. ^ Stewart Robert Hinsley. "The Corchorus (Jute) Pages". Malvaceae Info. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  2. ^ Khalid. "Molokheya: an Egyptian National Dish". THe Baheyeldin Dynasty. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Corchorus L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-06-05. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  4. ^ B. A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. 2003. here Chloroplast DNA Sequences Confirm the Placement of the Enigmatic Oceanopapaver within Corchorus (Grewioideae: Malvaceae s.l., Formerly Tiliaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: 35–41
  5. ^ Asif Anwar. "The Golden, Copper, and Silver Fibers". Golden Fibre Trade Centre Limited. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Vegetable dishes: Molohiya". Turkish-Cypriot Cuisine. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  7. ^ "In Bandajuma village, these beneficiaries of an UMCOR Sierra Leone food security program are harvesting the first crop of krain krain, for sale and own consumption.". United Methodist Committee on Relief Non-Governmental Organization. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  8. ^ Danny O. Calleja (February 15, 2010). "Saluyot now a popular vegetable worldwide". Inquirer. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". Retrieved November 20, 2011. 

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corchorus — Illustration der Langkapseligen Jute (Corchorus olitorius) Systematik Rosiden Eurosiden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corchorus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Corchorus C. olitorius Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corchorus — Cor cho*rus (k[^o]r k[ o]*r[u^]s), n. [Nl., fr. L. corchorus a poor kind of pulse, Gr. ko rchoros a wild plant of bitter taste.] (Bot.) The common name of the {Kerria Japonica} or Japan globeflower, a yellow flowered, perennial, rosaceous plant,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • corchorus — ● corchorus nom masculin (latin corchorus) Nom générique d une plante cultivée principalement au Bangladesh et qui fournit le jute …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Corchŏrus — (C. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie Tiliaceae Grewicae, 1. Ordn. 13. Klasse L.; Arten: krautartige, außereuropäische Pflanzen; C. olitorius, in Ost u. Westindien u. in Ägypten in Gärten als Gemüsekraut (Melochia) cultivirt; C. capsularis, in …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Corchŏrus — L., Gattung der Tiliazeen, Kräuter oder Halbsträucher mit einfachen, gesägten Blättern, einzeln oder gepaart oder in mehrblütigen cymösen Dolden stehenden kleinen, gelben Blüten und schotenförmigen, vielsamigen Kapseln. Etwa 30 Arten in beiden… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Corchorus — L., trop. Pflanzengattg. der Tiliazeen. Mehrere Arten, bes. C. capsulāris L. (ind. Flachs [Tafel: Nutzpflanzen II, 2]), in Ostasien, Algerien, Südamerika etc. kultiviert, liefern die Jute; die Blätter, bes. von C. olitorĭus L. (Gemüsejudenpappel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • corchorus — noun any of various plants of the genus Corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute • Hypernyms: ↑subshrub, ↑suffrutex • Member Holonyms: ↑Corchorus, ↑genus Corchorus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Corchorus — ID 21232 Symbol Key CORCH Common Name corchorus Family Tiliaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AZ, FL, HI, LA, MS, NJ, PA, PR, TX, VI Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Corchorus — noun widely distributed genus of tropical herbs or subshrubs; especially Asia • Syn: ↑genus Corchorus • Hypernyms: ↑dilleniid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Tiliaceae, ↑family Tiliaceae, ↑linden family …   Useful english dictionary

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