MISTY1

MISTY1
MISTY redirects here. For other meanings, see Misty
MISTY1
General
Designers Matsui, Camellia, MISTY2, KASUMI
Certification CRYPTREC, NESSIE
Cipher detail
Key sizes 128 bits
Block sizes 64 bits
Structure Nested Feistel network
Rounds n (8 recommended)

In cryptography, MISTY1 (or MISTY-1) is a block cipher designed in 1995 by Mitsuru Matsui and others for Mitsubishi Electric.[1][2]

MISTY1 is one of the selected algorithms in the European NESSIE project, and has been recommended for Japanese government use by the CRYPTREC project. KASUMI is a successor of the MISTY1 cipher which was supposed to be stronger than MISTY1 and has been adopted as the standard encryption algorithm for European mobile phones. In 2005, KASUMI was broken, and in 2010 a new paper was published detailing a practical attack on the cipher; see the article for more details.

"MISTY" can stand for "Mitsubishi Improved Security Technology", it is also the initials of the researchers involved in its development: Matsui Mitsuru, Ichikawa Tetsuya, Sorimachi Toru, Tokita Toshio, and Yamagishi Atsuhiro.[3]

MISTY1 is covered by patents, although the algorithm is freely available for academic (non-profit) use in RFC 2994.

Contents

Security

MISTY1 is a Feistel network with a variable number of rounds (any multiple of 4), though 8 are recommended. The cipher operates on 64-bit blocks and has a key size of 128 bits. MISTY1 has an innovative recursive structure; the round function itself uses a 3-round Feistel network. MISTY1 claims to be provably secure against linear and differential cryptanalysis.

In the paper "Block Ciphers and Stream Ciphers" by Alex Biryukov, it is noted that KASUMI, also termed A5/3, is a strengthened version of block cipher MISTY1 running in a Counter mode.[4]

However, in 2010 Dunkelman, Keller, and Shamir showed that KASUMI is not as strong as MISTY1 [5] but interestingly the KASUMI attack will not work against MISTY1.

See also

References

  1. ^ Mitsuru Matsui (1997). "Block encryption algorithm MISTY". Fast Software Encryption, 4th International Workshop, FSE '97, LNCS 1267. pp. 64–74. http://books.google.com/books?id=5ARKxNUrw8UC&pg=PA54. 
  2. ^ Mitsuru Matsui (July 1996). Block encryption algorithm MISTY. Archived from the original on August 23, 2000. http://web.archive.org/web/20000823133547/http://www.mitsubishi.com/ghp_japan/misty/misty_e_b.pdf. 
  3. ^ "Episodes in the development of MISTY". http://global.mitsubishielectric.com/misty/about/road.html. 
  4. ^ Alex Biryukov (2004). "Block Ciphers and Stream Ciphers: The State of the Art". http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/biryukov04block.html. 
  5. ^ Orr Dunkelman and Nathan Keller and Adi Shamir (2010). "A Practical-Time Attack on the KASUMI Cryptosystem Used in GSM and 3G Telephony". http://eprint.iacr.org/2010/013. 
  • Elad Barkan, Eli Biham and Nathan Keller, Instant Ciphertext-Only Cryptanalysis of GSM Encrypted Communication, CRYPTO 2003, pp. 600–616 (PDF).

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • MISTY1 — Создатель: Мицуру Мацуи, Тэцуя Итикава, Дзюн Соримати, Тосио Токита, Ацухиро Ямагиси Создан: 1995 г. Опубликован: 1996 г.[1] Размер ключа: 128 бит Размер блока: 64 бит Число раундов …   Википедия

  • MISTY1 — Résumé Concepteur(s) Mitsuru Matsui Première publication 1995 Dérivé de Aucun Chiffrement(s) basé(s) sur cet algorithme Aucun Caractéristiques Taille(s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MISTY1 — (oder MISTY 1) ist ein 1995 von Mitsuru Matsui und anderen für Mitsubishi Electric entwickelter symmetrischer Blockverschlüsselungsalgorithmus. Er ist einer der ausgewählten Algorithmen im NESSIE Projekt und wurde vom CRYPTREC Project der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MISTY — MISTY1 (oder MISTY 1) ist ein 1995 von Mitsuru Matsui und anderen für Mitsubishi Electric entwickelter symmetrischer Blockverschlüsselungsalgorithmus. Er ist einer der ausgewählten Algorithmen im NESSIE Projekt und wurde vom CRYPTREC Project der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MISTY-1 — MISTY1 (oder MISTY 1) ist ein 1995 von Mitsuru Matsui und anderen für Mitsubishi Electric entwickelter symmetrischer Blockverschlüsselungsalgorithmus. Er ist einer der ausgewählten Algorithmen im NESSIE Projekt und wurde vom CRYPTREC Project der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • A5/3 — Kasumi (chiffrement) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kasumi. KASUMI …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KASUMI — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kasumi. KASUMI Résumé Concepteur(s) Security Algorithms Group of Experts Première publication 1999 Dérivé de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kasumi (chiffrement) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kasumi. KASUMI …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KASUMI (block cipher) — Infobox block cipher name = KASUMI caption = designers = Security Algorithms Group of Experts publish date = derived from = MISTY1 derived to = key size = 128 bits block size = 64 bits structure = Feistel network rounds = 8 cryptanalysis =… …   Wikipedia

  • SEED — Résumé Concepteur(s) agence de sécurité de l information coréenne (KISA) Première publication 1998 Dérivé de Chiffrement(s) basé(s) sur cet algorithme Caractéristiques …   Wikipédia en Français

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