Mirchel Country Switzerland Canton Bern District Bern-Mittelland Coordinates Coordinates: Population 571 (Dec 2010) - Density 238 /km2 (616 /sq mi) Area 2.4 km2 (0.93 sq mi) Elevation 669 m (2,195 ft) Postal code 3532 SFOS number 0615 Surrounded by Grosshöchstetten, Konolfingen, Niederhünigen, Oberhünigen, Zäziwil Website www.mirchel.ch
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Mirchel is first mentioned in 1320 as Mirchlon.
Mirchel has an area, as of 2009[update], of 2.35 square kilometers (0.91 sq mi). Of this area, 1.8 km2 (0.69 sq mi) or 76.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.25 km2 (0.097 sq mi) or 10.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.31 km2 (0.12 sq mi) or 13.2% is settled (buildings or roads).
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 5.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 6.0%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.3% of the area Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 51.9% is used for growing crops and 19.6% is pastures, while 5.1% is used for orchards or vine crops.
It is located in the upper Kiesental (Kiesen Valley) and includes the village of Mirchel, the hamlet of Gmeis and scattered farm house clusters and isolated farm houses.
Mirchel has a population (as of 31 December 2010) of 571. As of 2007[update], 0.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (99.2%), with English being second most common ( 0.4%) and French being third ( 0.2%).
In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 61.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (9.9%), the Green Party (8.7%) and the local small left-wing parties (7.6%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 24.6% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 61.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 13.6%. In Mirchel about 78.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Mirchel has an unemployment rate of 0.78%. As of 2005[update], there were 59 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 23 businesses involved in this sector. 6 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 69 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 14 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
year population 1764 250 1850 421 1900 474 1950 447 2000 491
- ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 September
- ^ a b Mirchel in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
- ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Jul-2009
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