- Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier
Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier Infanta Luisa Fernanda Spouse Prince Antoine d'Orléans, Duke of Montpnesier Issue Infanta María Isabel, Countess of Paris
María de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
House House of Bourbon Father Ferdinand VII of Spain Mother Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies Born 30 January 1832
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
Died 2 February 1897(aged 65)
San Telmo Palace, Seville, Spain
Burial 7 February 1897
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism
Infanta María Luisa Fernanda of Spain (30 January 1832 – 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of king Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece.
When her elder sister Isabella II of Spain succeeded to the throne, Infanta Luisa Fernanda was heiress-presumptive to the crown between 1833 and 1851, when Isabella's oldest surviving daughter was born.
Isabella had been engaged to their first cousin Francis, Duke of Cádiz, who was known to be homosexual and rumored impotent. Their kinsman, king Louis Philippe of France calculated that no children would be born from Isabella's marriage, and planned the crown of Spain to eventually devolve to his own grandchildren. For this purpose, Luisa Fernanda was engaged to Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824–90), the youngest son of king Louis Philippe, who also was Luisa's mother's first cousin.
Luisa Fernanda, only 14 years old, and Duke Antoine, 22, had their nuptials on 10 October 1846 as a double wedding with Isabella and Francis', and young Antoine was elevated to the rank of an Infante of Spain. The couple moved to Paris and later to Sevilla.
The relationship between Isabella and her sister was tense, due to Antoine's conspiracies against the queen.
Antoine's father was deposed in 1848. The same year, the then 16-year-old Luisa Fernanda gave birth to their first child, Maria Isabel. After Isabella was deposed, the family went to exile. Luisa returned to Sevilla years later, already widowed, where she died. She is buried at Escorial.
Luisa Fernanda and Antoine had nine children, but only five reached adulthood.
- Infanta Maria Isabel (1848–1919), who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.
- Infanta Maria Amelia (1851–70).
- Infanta Maria Cristina (1852–79). After her younger sister Mercedes died, she was engaged to Alfonso XII, five years her junior, but she died before the wedding.
- infanta Maria de la Regla (1856–61).
- Infante Fernando (1859–73).
- Infanta Maria de las Mercedes (1860–78), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.
- Infante Felipe Raimundo Maria (1862–64)
- Infante Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons:
Royal styles of
HRH Infanta Luisa Fernanda
Reference style Her Royal Highness Spoken style Your Royal Highness Alternative style Ma'am
- Infante Alfonso (1886–1975), 5th Duke of Galliera (1930–37), who married Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh, daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and had three sons, though only the oldest one left issue. General of the Spanish Air Force.
- Infante Luís (1888–1945), who married Marie Charlotte Say (1857–1943). No issue.
- Infante Luis Maria Felipe Antonio (1867–74)
Of all her children, just Marie Isabelle de Paris and Antonio di Galliera left issue. Through Antonio, the now non-royal line of dukes of Galliera continues. Alfonso's grandchildren lost royal status because of non-dynastic marriages. The current Duke of Galliera is Alfonso's great-grandson, Don Alfonso Francesco de Orléans-Borbón y Ferarra-Pignatelli.
Through Marie Isabelle, she became great-grandmother of king Manuel II of Portugal, Luís Filipe, Duke of Braganza, Dukes Amedeo II of Aosta and Aimone of Spoleto, Princess Dolores Czartoryski, Princess Esperanza of Orleans-Braganza, Countess Mercedes of Barcelona (king Juan Carlos' mother), and Henri, comte de Paris.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 30 January 1832 – 10 October 1846: Her Royal Highness Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
- 10 October 1846 – 4 February 1890: Her Royal Highness Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier
- 4 February 1890 – 2 February 1897: Her Royal Highness Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Dowager Duchess of Montpensier
The Duchess's complete style, after her marriage, was: Su Alteza Real la Serenísma y Egregia Señora Infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda de Borbón y Borbón, Duquesa de Montpensier (in English: Her Royal Highness the Most Serene and Egregius Lady Infanta Doña Luisa Feranada de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier).
ReferencesInfanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of MontpensierCadet branch of the Capetian dynastyBorn: 30 January 1832 Died: 2 February 1897
Spanish royalty Preceded by
Isabella, Princess of Asturias
later became Queen Isabella II
Heir to the Throne
as heiress presumptive
29 September 1833 –20 December 1851
Isabella, Princess of AsturiasThe generations indicate descent form Charles I, under whom the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united, forming the Kingdom of Spain. Previously, the title Infanta had been largely use in the different realms.
1st GenerationMaria, Holy Roman Empress · Joan, Princess of Portugal 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generationnone 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th GenerationInfanta Maria Isabel · Infanta Maria Josefa · Infanta María Isabel Ana · Infanta Maria Josepha · Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress · Infanta Maria Teresa · Infanta Maria Ana 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationIsabella, Princess of Asturias · Infanta Maria Cristina · Maria de la Concepcio · Maria de Pilar · Maria de la Paz, Princess Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria · Eulalia, Duchess of Galliera · Maria Isabella, Countess of Paris* · Infanta Amalia of Orléans* · Infanta Cristina d'Orléans* · Infanta Maria de la Regla of Orléans* · Mercedes, Queen of Spain* 12th GenerationMercedes, Princess of Asturias · Maria Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generation*title granted by Royal Decree 1st generationnone 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationLouise Henriette de Bourbon, Duchess of Étampes, "Mademoiselle de Conti"^ 5th generationLouise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, "Mademoiselle de Penthièvre"^ 6th generation 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generationPrincess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza · Carla Parodi-Delfino** 11th generationDuchess Marie Thérèse of Württemberg · Micaela Cousiño** · Beatrice de Pasquier de Franclieu** · Gersende de Sabran-Pontèves** · Marion Gordon-Orr** · Emilia Ferrara-Pignatelli** · Giovanna San Martino d'Aglie di San Germano** · Antonella Rendina** 12th generationPhilomena de Tornos** · Marie-Liesse de Rohan-Chabot** · Diana, Duchess of Cadaval · Ileana Manos** · Véronique Goeders** · Anne Laure van Exter** · Guadalupe Solís***also a princess of Orléans in her own right
**did not have a royal or noble title by birth
^never styled Princess of Orléans
The Bourbons of Spain Philip VSpouse(s)ChildrenSiblingsLouis, Duke of Burgundy • Charles, Duke of BerryGrandchildrenMaría Isabel Antonia • María Josefa Antonieta • María Isabel Ana • María Josefa Carmela • Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress • Felipe, Duke of Calabria • Charles IV • María Teresa • Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies • Gabriel • Ana María • Antonio Pascual • Francisco Javier • Isabella, Archduchess of Austria • Ferdinand, Duke of Parma • Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain • Luis, Count of Chinchón • Maria Teresa, Countess of Chinchón • María Luisa, Duchess of San Fernando de Quiroga Louis ISpouse(s)HSH Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans Ferdinand VISpouse(s) Charles IIISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildrenCarlos Clemente • Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal • Maria Luisa • Maria Amalia • Carlos Domingo • Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca • Carlos Francisco • Felipe Francisco • Ferdinand VII • Carlos, Count of Molina • Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies • Maria Teresa • Felipe Maria • Francisco de Paula • Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress* • Luisa, Grand Duchess of Tuscany* • Carlo, Duke of Calabria* • Maria Ana* • Francis I of the Two Sicilies* • Maria Christina, Queen of Sardinia* • Maria Cristina Amelia* • Gennaro* • Giuseppe* • Maria Amalia, Queen of the French* • Maria Cristina* • Maria Antonia, Princess of Asturias* • Maria Clothilde* • Maria Enrichetta* • Carlo* • Leopold, Prince of Salerno* • Alberto* • Maria Isabella*Great grandchildrenCarlos, Count of Montemolin • Juan, Count of Montizón • Fernando • Isabella II of Spain • Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier • Francisco de Asis • Isabel • Francis, Duke of Cádiz • Henry, Duke of Seville • Luisa, Duchess of Moscoso • Duarte Felipe • Josefina • Teresa • Fernando • Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal • Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria • Charles IVSpouse(s)HRH Princess Maria Luisa of ParmaChildrenCarlos Clemente • Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal • Maria Luisa • Maria Amalia • Carlos Domingo • Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca • Carlos Francisco • Felipe Francisco • Ferdinand VII • Carlos, Count of Molina • Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies • Maria Teresa • Felipe Maria • Francisco de PaulaGrandchildrenCarlos, Count of Montemolin • Juan, Count of Montizón • Fernando • Isabella II of Spain • Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier • Francisco de Asis • Isabel • Francis, Duke of Cádiz • Henry, Duke of Seville • Luisa, Duchess of Moscoso • Duarte Felipe • Josefina • Teresa • Fernando • Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal • Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria Ferdinand VIISpouse(s)ChildrenIsabella II of Spain • Maria Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier • Isabella IISpouse(s)Children Alfonso XIISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildrenAlfonso, Duke of Calabria* • Fernando, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies • Isabella Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies • Alfonso, Prince of Asturias • Jaime, Duke of Segovia • Beatriz, Princess of Civitella-Cesi • Ferdinand • Maria Cristina, Countess of Marone • Juan, Count of Barcelona • GonzaloGreat grandchildren Alfonso XIIISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren Juan Carlos ISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren
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