- Philip, Duke of Parma
Infante Philip Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla Reign 18 October 1748–18 July 1765 Predecessor Maria Theresa Successor Ferdinand Spouse Princess Louise Élisabeth of France Issue Isabella, Archduchess of Austria
Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain
House House of Bourbon-Parma Father Philip V of Spain Mother Elisabeth Farnese Born 15 March 1720
Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died 18 July 1765(aged 45)
Philip of Spain (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma (a.k.a the Bourbons of Parma), a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty. He was a son in law of Louis XV.
He was raised in Madrid and as a child showed more interest in art than in politics. He was also the 12th Count of Chinchón Grandee of Spain First Class with a Coat of Arms of de Bourbon after the alienation with Royal Authorization in 1738 of the 11th Conde Don Jose Sforza-Cesarini, Duke of Canzano, title he later ceded to his brother Louis in 1754.
His mother came from the family of Farnese, which had ruled the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla for many generations. The Duchy had been ruled between 1731 and 1736 by his elder brother Charles, but exchanged with Austria for The Two Sicilies after the War of Polish Succession. Twelve years later, in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Austria lost the Duchy, and Philip became the new Duke, founding the House of Bourbon-Parma.
As part of the Treaty of Versailles (1757) between Austria and France it was intended that Phillip would become King of the Southern Netherlands, in a deal that would see French troops occupy key positions in the country – however this arrangement was repudiated by the subsequent Third Treaty of Versailles and Phillip continued in Parma.
The Duchy of Parma was ruined by many years of warfare, and in 1759 Philip named the abled Frenchmen Guillaume du Tillot as his minister to restore the economy. Philip was an enlightened ruler. He stimulated education and philosophy, attracting personalities like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac.
Philip married Princess Louise Élisabeth of France in Alcalá de Henares, Spain on 25 October 1739. They had the following children:
- Isabella Luisa Antonietta Ferdinanda Giuseppina Saveria Dominica Giovanna of Parma (31 December 1741 – 27 November 1763) – she married Marie Antoinette's older brother, the Austrian emperor, Joseph II. She had issue, but all her children died in childhood.
- Ferdinando Maria Filippo Lodovico Sebastiano Francesco Giacomo of Parma (20 January 1751 – 9 October 1802), ) – he succeeded his father as Duke of Parma in 1765 and married his older sister's sister-in-law, the Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria. He left issue.
- Luisa Maria Teresa Ana of Parma (9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) – she was known as Maria Luisa. She married her cousin, the Infante Carlos of Spain, and later became the Queen Consort of Spain. She left issue.
Family of Philip in 1743
Philip died unexpectedly on 18 July 1765 in Alessandria, Italy, after having accompanied his daughter Maria Luisa on her way to Genoa, where she sailed for Spain to marry Infante Charles. Through Philip's daughter Maria Luisa, he is an ancestor of the Bourbons of Spain, the Bourbons of the Two Sicilies, and the House of Orléans.
Ancestors of Philip, Duke of Parma 16. Louis XIII of France 8. Louis XIV of France 17. Anne of Austria 4. Louis, Le Grand Dauphin 18. Philip IV of Spain 9. Maria Theresa of Austria 19. Élisabeth of France 2. Philip V of Spain 20. Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria 10. Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria 21. Maria Anna of Austria 5. Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria 22. Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy 11. Henriette Adelaide of Savoy 23. Christine Marie of France 1. Philip of Spain 24. Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma 12. Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma 25. Margherita de' Medici 6. Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma 26. Francesco I d'Este, Duke of Modena 13. Isabella d'Este 27. Maria Caterina Farnese 3. Elisabeth Farnese 28. Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg 14. Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine 29. Magdalene of Bavaria 7. Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg 30. George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 15. Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt 31. Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
Titles and Styles
- 15 March 1720–1749 His Royal Highness Don Felipe, Infante of Spain
- 1749 – 18 July 1765 His Royal Highness the Duke of Parma, Plasencia and Guastalla
Philip, Duke of ParmaCadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 15 March 1720 Died: 18 July 1765
- ^ http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/frroyal.htm#sang Style of HRH and further information on Princes of the Blood
Regnal titles Preceded by
Duke of Parma, Plasencia and Guastalla
Spanish nobility Preceded by
Philip V of Spain
Count of Chinchón
Infante Luis of Spain
Philip V of Spain
Duke of Canzano
Infante Luis of Spain
Infantes of SpainThe generations indicate descent from Charles I, under whom the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united, forming the Kingdom of Spain. Previously, the title Infante had been largely used in the different realms. 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generationnone 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generationnone*title granted by Royal Decree
**consort to an Infanta who was naturalized as a Spanish InfantePier Luigi (1545-1547) · Ottavio (1556-1586) · Alexander (1586–1592) · Ranuccio I (1592–1622) · Odoardo (1622–1646) · Ranuccio II (1646–1694) · Francesco (1694–1727) · Antonio (1727–1731) · Charles I (1731-1734) · Charles II (1735-1740) · Maria Theresa (1740–1748) · Philip (1748-1765) · Ferdinand (1765–1802) · Marie Louise (1814–1847) · Charles Louis (1847–1849) · Charles III (1849–1854) · Robert I* (1854–1907) · Henry* (1907-1939) · Joseph* (1939-1950) · Elias* (1950-1959) · Robert II* (1959-1974) · Xavier* (1974-1977) · Carlos Hugo* (1977-2010) · Carlos* (2010-)
- denotes titular Duke
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