Philip, Duke of Parma

Philip, Duke of Parma
Infante Philip
Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla
Reign 18 October 1748–18 July 1765
Predecessor Maria Theresa
Successor Ferdinand
Spouse Princess Louise Élisabeth of France
Isabella, Archduchess of Austria
Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain
House House of Bourbon-Parma
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Elisabeth Farnese
Born 15 March 1720(1720-03-15)
Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died 18 July 1765(1765-07-18) (aged 45)
Alessandria, Italy

Philip of Spain (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma (a.k.a the Bourbons of Parma), a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty. He was a son in law of Louis XV.



Born at the Royal Alcazar in Madrid, he was the fourth child and third son of Philip V of Spain and his wife, Elisabeth Farnese.

He was raised in Madrid and as a child showed more interest in art than in politics. He was also the 12th Count of Chinchón Grandee of Spain First Class with a Coat of Arms of de Bourbon after the alienation with Royal Authorization in 1738 of the 11th Conde Don Jose Sforza-Cesarini, Duke of Canzano, title he later ceded to his brother Louis in 1754.

His mother came from the family of Farnese, which had ruled the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla for many generations. The Duchy had been ruled between 1731 and 1736 by his elder brother Charles, but exchanged with Austria for The Two Sicilies after the War of Polish Succession. Twelve years later, in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Austria lost the Duchy, and Philip became the new Duke, founding the House of Bourbon-Parma.

As part of the Treaty of Versailles (1757) between Austria and France it was intended that Phillip would become King of the Southern Netherlands, in a deal that would see French troops occupy key positions in the country – however this arrangement was repudiated by the subsequent Third Treaty of Versailles and Phillip continued in Parma.

The Duchy of Parma was ruined by many years of warfare, and in 1759 Philip named the abled Frenchmen Guillaume du Tillot as his minister to restore the economy. Philip was an enlightened ruler. He stimulated education and philosophy, attracting personalities like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac.


Philip married Princess Louise Élisabeth of France in Alcalá de Henares, Spain on 25 October 1739. They had the following children:

Philip died unexpectedly on 18 July 1765 in Alessandria, Italy, after having accompanied his daughter Maria Luisa on her way to Genoa, where she sailed for Spain to marry Infante Charles. Through Philip's daughter Maria Luisa, he is an ancestor of the Bourbons of Spain, the Bourbons of the Two Sicilies, and the House of Orléans.


Titles and Styles

  • 15 March 1720–1749 His Royal Highness Don Felipe, Infante of Spain[1]
  • 1749 – 18 July 1765 His Royal Highness the Duke of Parma, Plasencia and Guastalla


  1. ^ Style of HRH and further information on Princes of the Blood
Philip, Duke of Parma
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 15 March 1720 Died: 18 July 1765
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maria Theresa
(Austrian Empire)
Duke of Parma, Plasencia and Guastalla
Succeeded by
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Philip V of Spain
Count of Chinchón
Succeeded by
Infante Luis of Spain
Preceded by
Philip V of Spain
Duke of Canzano
Succeeded by
Infante Luis of Spain

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ferdinand, Duke of Parma — Ferdinand Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla Reign 18 July 1765–9 October 1802 Predecessor Philip …   Wikipedia

  • Charles III, Duke of Parma — Charles III Duke of Parma and Piacenza Duke of Parma and Piacenza Reign 17 May 1849–27 March 1854 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II, Duke of Parma — Charles II / Charles Louis King of Etruria Reign 27 May 1803 10 December 1807 ( 100000000000000040000004 years, 10000000000000197000000197 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Robert I, Duke of Parma — Robert I Duke of Parma Reign 27 March 1854 9 June 1859 Predecessor Charles III Successor Duchy disbanded …   Wikipedia

  • Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma — Ranuccio II Farnese Duke of Parma Reign 11 September 1646 11 December 1694 Predecessor Odoardo Farnese Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma — See also, Odoardo Farnese (cardinal). Odoardo Farnese Duke of Parma Reign 5 March 1622 11 September 1646 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma — Ottavio Farnese Predecessor Pier Luigi Farnese Successor Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Farnese, Alessandro, duke of Parma and Piacenza — ▪ regent of The Netherlands Introduction Italian in full  Alessandro Farnese, duca di Parma e Piacenza  born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome [Italy] died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, France  regent of the Netherlands (1578–92) for Philip II, the Habsburg king of… …   Universalium

  • Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma — Alexander Farnese (Italian: Alessandro Farnese , Spanish: Alejandro Farnesio , (August 27 1545 ndash; December 3 1592), was Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Farnese, Alessandro, duke di Parma and Piacenza — born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, France Regent of the Netherlands (1578–92) for Philip II of Spain. He was educated at the court of Madrid, where he had been sent to prove his father s loyalty to the Habsburgs. In 1578 Philip II …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”