- Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma
Ranuccio II Farnese Duke of Parma Reign 11 September 1646 - 11 December 1694 Predecessor Odoardo Farnese Successor Francesco Maria Farnese Regent Francesco Maria Farnese
Margherita de' Medici
Spouse Marguerite Yolande of Savoy
Issue Margherita Maria, Duchess of Modena
Oddoardo, Hereditary Prince of Parma
Francesco, Duke of Parma
Antonio, Duke of Parma
House House of Farnese Father Odoardo Farnese Mother Margherita de' Medici Born 17 September 1630
Died 11 December 1694(aged 64)
Burial Sanctuary of Santa Maria della Steccata, Parma Religion Roman Catholicism
Birth and Succession
Ranuccio was the eldest son of Odoardo Farnese, the fifth sovereign duke of Parma, and his Tuscan wife, Margherita de' Medici. After his father's sudden death , Ranuccio succeeded as duke. As he was a minor and had not yet reached his majority, he ruled the first two years of his reign under the regency of his uncle, Francesco Maria Farnese and his mother.
Ranuccio belonged to the House of Farnese, founded by Pope Paul III, formerly Alessandro Farnese. The farnese Dukes had been ruling Parma and Piacenza since Pope Paul's illegitimate son Pier Luigi Farnese was given it as a possession. Pier Luigi was also Duke of Castro, a title he was bestowed upon by his father, after the latter created it from the lands recovered after the death of Ranuccio the Elder, Pier Luigi's elder brother.
Conflicts with the Papacy
During Odoardo's reign the declining Duchy had been involved in the Wars of Castro, over the above mentioned duchy of Castro, which was a Farnese fief in the Papal States, north of Rome, which the powerful Pope Urban VIII's family, the Barberini, was eager to acquire. They found the excuse when Odoardo was unable to repay his creditors, from whom he had incurred debts. Urban responded to the creditors plea for help and had Castro occupied. However, the first war ended with Papal defeat
Ranuccio refused to repay the debts incurred by his father, despite the latter having a signed a peace treaty agreeing to do so. He also refused to recognise the new bishop of Castro, appointed by Urban's successor, Innocent X. In 1649, the new bishop, Cardinal Cristoforo Giarda, was murdered on his way to Castro. Innocent accused Ranuccio of the murder and in retaliation, forces loyal to the Pope besieged Castro, and then razed it to the ground. In August of that same year the Parmense troops had been crushed not far from Bologna, and Ranuccio remained with no means to gain back his fief, despite his attempts to buy it back through money.
In 1672 he bought the principate of Bardi and Compiano from Gianandrea Doria Landi, giving the Duchy its final shape. In the last days of his reign, the Duchy suffered heavily from the presence of Imperial troops, who were fighting in the dispute between Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and France.
Ranuccio II was married three times:
On 29 April 1660, Ranuccio married firstly Marguerite Yolande of Savoy (b. 15 November 1635 - d. 29 April 1663), a daughter of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. They had two children:
Name of child Lifespan Marriages and Issue unnamed daughter 14 December 1661 - 14 December 1661 None unnamed son 27 April 1663 - 28 April 1663 None Name of child Lifespan Marriages and Issue Margherita Maria Farnese 24 November 1664 - 17 June 1718 Francesco II d'Este, Duke of Modena, no issue Teresa Farnese 10 October 1665 - 9 November 1702 Never Married; Benedictine nun in Sant’ Alessandro Monastery of Parma Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma 12 August 1666 - 6 September 1693 Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg, had issue
On 1 October 1668 he married Maria d'Este of Modena, (b. 8 December 1644 - d. 20 August 1684), his second wife's sister. They had nine children:
Name of child Lifespan Marriages and Issue Isabella Francesca Maria Lucia 14 December 1668 - 9 July 1718 Never Married; Benedictine nun in Santa Maria di Campagna Monastery of Piacenza. Vittoria Maria Francesca Farnese 24 December 1669 - 15 September 1671 Unnamed son 24 June 1671 - 28 June 1671 Vittoria Farnese 19 November 1672 - 19 November 1672 Caterina Farnese 19 November 1672 - 19 November 1672 Unnamed son 26 December 1674 - 26 December 1674 Eleonora Farnese 1 September 1675 - 3 November 1675 Francesco Farnese, Duke of Parma 19 May 1678 - 26 February 1727 Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg, no issue Antonio, Duke of Parma 29 November 1679 - 20 January 1731 Enrichetta d'Este, no issue
Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of ParmaBorn: 17 September 1630 Died: 11 December 1694
- http://www.comune.piacenza.it/english/history/Ifarnese.htm (Retrieved January 23, 2005)
- http://www.italycyberguide.com/History/factspersons/wxyz.htm (Retrieved January 23, 2005)
- http://page.freett.com/mako_vl/name/hausf.html (Retrieved January 23, 2005)
Regnal titles Preceded by
Duke of Parma
Duke of Piacenza
2nd GenerationPrince Carlo · Alexander, Duke of Parma 3rd Generation 4th GenerationOdoardo, Duke of Parma · Cardinal-Prince Francesco Maria 5th GenerationRanuccio II, Duke of Parma · Prince Alessandro · Prince Orazio · Prince Pietro 6th Generation 7th Generationnone 8th Generationnone 9th Generation 10th GenerationLouis I of Etruria · Prince Philip 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th GenerationPrince Michael · Prince Henry · Prince Amaury *also prince of Luxembourg
^also prince of NassauPier Luigi (1545-1547) · Ottavio (1556-1586) · Alexander (1586–1592) · Ranuccio I (1592–1622) · Odoardo (1622–1646) · Ranuccio II (1646–1694) · Francesco (1694–1727) · Antonio (1727–1731) · Charles I (1731-1734) · Charles II (1735-1740) · Maria Theresa (1740–1748) · Philip (1748-1765) · Ferdinand (1765–1802) · Marie Louise (1814–1847) · Charles Louis (1847–1849) · Charles III (1849–1854) · Robert I* (1854–1907) · Henry* (1907-1939) · Joseph* (1939-1950) · Elias* (1950-1959) · Robert II* (1959-1974) · Xavier* (1974-1977) · Carlos Hugo* (1977-2010) · Carlos* (2010-)
- denotes titular Duke
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