img_coa = Alessandria-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Alessandria
province = Alessandria (AL)
elevation_m = 95
area_total_km2 = 204
30 november 2007
population_total = 92808
population_density_km2 = 502
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|44|55|N|08|37|E
Spinetta Marengo, Castelceriolo, Lobbi, San Giuliano Nuovo, San Giuliano Vecchio, Mandrogne, Cascinagrossa, Litta Parodi, Valle San Bartolomeo, San Michele
telephone = 0131
postalcode = 15100
gentilic = Alessandrini, Mandrogni
mayor = Piercarlo Fabbio
website = [http://www.comune.alessandria.it www.comune.alessandria.it]
Alessandria is also a major
Alessandria was founded in 1168 upon a preexisting urban nucleus, to serve as a stronghold for the
Lombard League, defending the traditional liberties of the communes of northern Italy against the Imperial forces of Frederick Barbarossa.Alessandria stood in the territories of the marchese of Monferrato, a staunch ally of the Emperor, with a name assumed in 1168 to honor the Emperor's opponent, Pope Alexander III. In 1174–75 the fortress was sorely tested by Imperial siege and stood fast. A legend (related in Umberto Eco's book " Baudolino", and which recalls one concerning Bishop Herculanus’ successful defense of Perugiaseveral centuries earlier) says it was saved by a quick-witted peasant, Gagliaudo: he fed his cow with the last grain remaining within the city, then took it outside the city walls until he reached the Imperial camp. Here he was captured, and his cow cut open to be cooked: when the Imperials found the cow's stomach filled with grain, Gagliaudo was asked the reason to waste such a rich meal. He answered that he was forced to feed his cow with grain because there was such a lot of it, and no room to place it within the city. The Emperor, fearing that the siege would last too long, left Alessandria free. (Malaria was probably the real cause of his departure.) A statue of Gagliaudo can be found on the left corner of the city cathedral. Alessandria was granted a charter as a free commune in 1198, but entered into jealous conflicts with the older communes of the region, in particular with Asti.
In 1348 Alessandria fell into the hands of the
Viscontiand passed with their possessions to the Sforza, following the career of Milan, until 1707, when it was ceded to the House of Savoyand henceforth formed part of Piedmont.
With Napoleon's success at the
Battle of Marengo (1800), it fell to France and became the capital of the Napoleonic Département of Marengo. During this period a substantial fort was built to the north of the city containing impressive and substantial barracks which are still used as a military HQ and stores (2006). The remains of a second fort to the south of the city (Christo quarter) have been sliced in two by a railway.
From 1814 Alessandria was Savoyard territory once more, part of the
Kingdom of Sardinia.
During the years of the
Risorgimento, Alessandria was an active center of the liberals.
In a suburb, Spinetta Marengo, the Battle of Marengo is reenacted annually, on
Alessandria was the first capital of an Italian province to be governed by a
Socialist: the clockmaker Paolo Sacco was elected "sindaco". July 25, 1899.
Alessandria was a tactical military target during
World War IIand was subjected to intense Allied bombing, the most serious being the raids of April 30, 1944, with 238 dead and hundreds wounded, and April 5, 1945, with 160 deaths, among them 60 children from the children's asylum in Via Gagliaudo. On end of that month the city was liberated of the German occupation (1943-1945) by the partisan resistance and troops of Brazilian Expeditionary Force
November 6, 1994the Tanaro flooded a good part of the city, causing major damage, especially in the Orti quarter.
* The Marengo Battle Museum
* Antiquarium "Forum Fulvii"
* Sale d'arte
* I percorsi del Museo Civico
* Museo del Fiume
* Museo di Scienze Naturali e Planetario
* Museo Etnografico "C'era una volta"
* Museo del Cappello Borsalino
[http://www.comune.alessandria.it/htm/musei/ Sistema dei musei civici]
*The annual Fraskettando SkaBluesJazz Festival ( [http://www.myspace.com/fraskettandoskabluesjazzfestival official web site] ), which takes place on the first weekend of July, has showcased the
Blues Brothers, Eddie Floyd, Al Di Meola, Taj Mahal, Soft Machine, Mario Biondi, Mick Abrahams& Clive Bunkerand many others.
Michele Pittaluga International Classical Guitar Competition"Premio Città di Alessandria"
*International Rally "Madonnina dei Centauri". [http://www.mcmadonnina.it official web site]
People born in Alessandria
Saint Baudolino(c.700–c.740), hermit of Forum Fulvii
Francesco Filiberti(15th century), sculptor
Georgius Merula(c. 1430–1494), humanist
Giovanni Mazzoni(15th–16th century), painter
Giorgio Soleri(16th century), painter
Giuseppe Vermiglio(16th–17th centuries), painter
Giovanni Migliara(1785–1837), painter
Andrea Vochieri(1796–1833), patriot
Urbano Rattazzi(1808–1873), statesman of the Risorgimento
Francesco Faà di Bruno(1825–1888), mathematician and priest
Virginia Marini(1844–1018), actress
Angelo Morbelli(1854–1919), painter
Blessed Teresa Grillo Michel(1855–1944), founder of the Congregation of the Little Sisters of Divine Providence.
Sibilla Aleramo(1876–1960), painter
Pietro Morando(1889–1980), writer
Giovanni Ferrari(1907–1982), footballer
Walter Audisio(1909–1973), partisan
Umberto Eco(born 1932), writer
Gianni Rivera(born 1943), footballer
Argenteuil, France, since 1960
Jericho, Palestine, since 2004
Hradec Králové, Czech Republic, since 1961
Karlovac, Croatia, since 1963
Rosario, Argentina, since 1988
Villa del Foro, a western suburb of the town which was the site of a Roman settlement.
* [http://www.comune.alessandria.it/ The official website of the city council] it icon
* [http://en.comuni-italiani.it/006/003/ Guide to Alessandria city] - Information, phone numbers and useful link
* [http://www.zerodelta.net/speciali/guide/guida-alla-citta-di-alessandria/ Travel Guide to Alessandria]
* [http://www.geocities.com/d_notti/sconti_giovani.htm discount for young people of Alessandria] it icon
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