- Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833–1902)
Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain Infanta of Portugal and Spain Spouse Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain Issue Francisco, duke of Marchena
Pedro d'Alcantara, duke of Dúrcal
Luíz, duke of Ansola
House House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon-Braganza
Father Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain Mother Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Born 12 June 1833
Died 19 January 1902(aged 68)
Burial San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal and Spain (5 June 1833 – 19 January 1902) was a daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and his wife Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. She became an Infanta of Portugal by her marriage to Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.
Maria Cristina was one of eleven children born to Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in Madrid. Her father was in turn a younger son of Charles IV of Spain. Her mother was a daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies.
Marriage and children
On November 19, 1860, Maria Cristina became the second wife of the much older Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, who was a paternal great grandson of Charles III of Spain and a maternal grandson of John VI of Portugal. Sebastian and his immediate family had been in conflict with the Queen Regent Maria Cristina, losing all of his titles and claims to the Spanish throne in 1837. He was restored to his Spanish titles upon his second marriage to Maria Cristina, who was both a cousin and a sister-in-law of Queen Isabella.
The nuptials took place in the Royal Palace of Madrid. In the spirit of reconciliation, the celebration was attended by Isabella II of Spain and her husband, among other members of the Spanish royal family. They had five children:
Name Birth Death Notes Francisco, duke of Marchena 1861 1923 married Maria del Pilar de Muguiro y Beruete, duchess of Villafranca Pedro d'Alcantara, duke of Dúrcal 1862 1892 married Maria de la Caridad de Madan i Uriondo Luíz, duke of Ansola 1864 1889 married Maria Anna Bernaldo de Quiros, marquise of Atarfe Alfonso 1866 1934 Gabriel 1869 1889
After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1868, Maria Cristina and her family had to leave Spain and take refuge in France. Sebastian died there in 1875. Maria Cristina later returned to Spain, and was able to live calmly until her 1902 death in Madrid. She is buried at the San Lorenzo de El Escorial.
Maria Cristina's ancestors in three generations
16. Philip V of Spain 8. Charles III of Spain 17. Elisabeth of Parma 4. Charles IV of Spain 18. Augustus III of Poland 9. Maria Amalia of Saxony 19. Maria Josepha of Austria 2. Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain 20. Philip V of Spain (= 16) 10. Philip, Duke of Parma 21. Elisabeth of Parma (= 17) 5. Maria Luisa of Parma 22. Louis XV of France 11. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France 23. Maria Leszczyńska 1. Maria Cristina of Spain 24. Charles III of Spain (= 8) 12. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies 25. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9) 6. Francis I of the Two Sicilies 26. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 13. Marie Caroline of Austria 27. Maria Theresa of Austria 3. Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies 28. Charles III of Spain (= 8) 14. Charles IV of Spain (= 4) 29. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9) 7. Maria Isabella of Spain 30. Philip, Duke of Parma (= 10) 15. Maria Luisa of Parma (= 5) 31. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France (= 11)
- ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Maria Cristina de Borbón, Infanta de España". http://thepeerage.com/p11355.htm#i113548. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
The generations indicate descent form Charles I, under whom the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united, forming the Kingdom of Spain. Previously, the title Infanta had been largely use in the different realms. 1st GenerationMaria, Holy Roman Empress · Joan, Princess of Portugal 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generationnone 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th GenerationInfanta Maria Isabel · Infanta Maria Josefa · Infanta María Isabel Ana · Infanta Maria Josepha · Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress · Infanta Maria Teresa · Infanta Maria Ana 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationIsabella, Princess of Asturias · Infanta Maria Cristina · Maria de la Concepcio · Maria de Pilar · Maria de la Paz, Princess Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria · Eulalia, Duchess of Galliera · Maria Isabella, Countess of Paris* · Infanta Amalia of Orléans* · Infanta Cristina d'Orléans* · Infanta Maria de la Regla of Orléans* · Mercedes, Queen of Spain* 12th GenerationMercedes, Princess of Asturias · Maria Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generation *title granted by Royal Decree The Bourbons of Spain Philip VSpouse(s)ChildrenSiblingsLouis, Duke of Burgundy • Charles, Duke of BerryGrandchildrenMaría Isabel Antonia • María Josefa Antonieta • María Isabel Ana • María Josefa Carmela • Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress • Felipe, Duke of Calabria • Charles IV • María Teresa • Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies • Gabriel • Ana María • Antonio Pascual • Francisco Javier • Isabella, Archduchess of Austria • Ferdinand, Duke of Parma • Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain • Luis, Count of Chinchón • Maria Teresa, Countess of Chinchón • María Luisa, Duchess of San Fernando de Quiroga Louis ISpouse(s)HSH Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans Ferdinand VISpouse(s) Charles IIISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildrenCarlos Clemente • Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal • Maria Luisa • Maria Amalia • Carlos Domingo • Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca • Carlos Francisco • Felipe Francisco • Ferdinand VII • Carlos, Count of Molina • Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies • Maria Teresa • Felipe Maria • Francisco de Paula • Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress* • Luisa, Grand Duchess of Tuscany* • Carlo, Duke of Calabria* • Maria Ana* • Francis I of the Two Sicilies* • Maria Christina, Queen of Sardinia* • Maria Cristina Amelia* • Gennaro* • Giuseppe* • Maria Amalia, Queen of the French* • Maria Cristina* • Maria Antonia, Princess of Asturias* • Maria Clothilde* • Maria Enrichetta* • Carlo* • Leopold, Prince of Salerno* • Alberto* • Maria Isabella*Great grandchildrenCarlos, Count of Montemolin • Juan, Count of Montizón • Fernando • Isabella II of Spain • Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier • Francisco de Asis • Isabel • Francis, Duke of Cádiz • Henry, Duke of Seville • Luisa, Duchess of Moscoso • Duarte Felipe • Josefina • Teresa • Fernando • Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal • Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria • Charles IVSpouse(s)HRH Princess Maria Luisa of ParmaChildrenCarlos Clemente • Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal • Maria Luisa • Maria Amalia • Carlos Domingo • Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca • Carlos Francisco • Felipe Francisco • Ferdinand VII • Carlos, Count of Molina • Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies • Maria Teresa • Felipe Maria • Francisco de PaulaGrandchildrenCarlos, Count of Montemolin • Juan, Count of Montizón • Fernando • Isabella II of Spain • Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier • Francisco de Asis • Isabel • Francis, Duke of Cádiz • Henry, Duke of Seville • Luisa, Duchess of Moscoso • Duarte Felipe • Josefina • Teresa • Fernando • Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal • Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria Ferdinand VIISpouse(s)Children Isabella IISpouse(s)Children Alfonso XIISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildrenAlfonso, Duke of Calabria* • Fernando, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies • Isabella Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies • Alfonso, Prince of Asturias • Jaime, Duke of Segovia • Beatriz, Princess of Civitella-Cesi • Ferdinand • Maria Cristina, Countess of Marone • Juan, Count of Barcelona • GonzaloGreat grandchildren Alfonso XIIISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren Juan Carlos ISpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren *also a Prince or Princess of the Two Sicilies
**also an Archduchess of Austria
The generations indicate descent from Afonso I, and continues through the House of Aviz, the House of Habsburg through Isabella of Portugal, and the House of Braganza through Infanta Catherine, Duchess of Braganza. 1st Generation 2nd GenerationInfanta Urraca of Castile • Aurembiaix, Countess of Urgell • Jeanne, Countess of Flanders 3rd GenerationMatilda II, Countess of Boulogne • Sancha Fernández de Lara 4th GenerationInfanta Violante Manuel of Castile 5th GenerationInfanta Beatrice of Castile 6th Generation 7th GenerationMaria Teles de Menezes • Constance de Trastámara, Lady of Alba de Tormes • Juana de Trastámara, Lady of Cifuentes 8th GenerationInfanta Eleanor of Aragon • Infanta Isabella of Aragon • Isabella of Braganza 9th GenerationCharlotte, Queen of Cyprus • Infanta Beatriz of Portugal* 10th GenerationInfanta Leonor of Portugal* • Isabella, Princess of Asturias 11th GenerationIsabella, Princess of Asturias • Guiomar de Coutinho • Isabella of Braganza 12th Generation 13th GenerationCountess Emilia of Nassau^ • Luísa Osório^ 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generationnone 17th Generation 18th Generationnone 19th GenerationInfanta Benedita of Portugal* • Infanta Carlota of Spain 20th Generation 21st GenerationPrincess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis • Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg • Princess Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies** • Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain** 22nd GenerationAnita Stewart Morris • Princess Francisca of Orléans and Braganza 23rd Generation 24th GenerationPrincess Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern *also an Infanta of Portugal by birth, **also an infanta of Spain, ^position as infanta not accepted
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