- Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Infobox Two Sicilies Royalty|majesty
name =Francis I
title =King of the Two Sicilies
caption =Francis I of the Two Sicilies
4 January 1825- 8 November 1830
predecessor =Ferdinand I
successor =Ferdinand II
succession = King of the Two Sicilies
spouse =Maria Clementina of Austria
Maria Isabella of Spain
Caroline Ferdinande Louise, Duchess of Berry
Princess Luisa Carlotta
Maria Christina, Queen of Spain
Charles Ferdinand, Prince of Capua
Prince Leopold, Count of Siracusa
Marie Antoinette, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Prince Antonio, Count of Lecce
Princess Maria Amelia
Princess Maria Carolina, Countess of Montemolin
Teresa, Empress of Brazil
Prince Louis, Count of Aquila
Prince Francis, Count of Trapani
royal house =House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
royal anthem =
father =Ferdinand I
Marie Caroline of Austria
date of birth =birth date|1777|8|14|df=y
place of birth =
date of death =death date and age|1830|11|8|1777|8|14|df=y
place of death =
place of burial =|
Francis I ("Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe",
August 14, 1777– November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Siciliesfrom 1825 to 1830.
Francis was born in
Naples, the son of Ferdinand I of the Two Siciliesand his wife Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria. He was also the nephew of Marie Antoinetteand Louis XVI the last King and Queen of France before the first French Republic.
In 1796 Francis married
Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. When she died, he married his first cousin María Isabel, daughter of King Charles IV of Spain.
After the Bourbon family fled from Naples to
Sicilyin 1806, and Lord William Bentinck, the British resident, had established a constitution and deprived Ferdinand of all power, Francis was appointed regent (1812).
On the fall of
Napoleonhis father returned to Naples and suppressed the Sicilian constitution and autonomy, incorporating his two kingdoms into that of the Two Sicilies (1816); Francis then assumed the revived title of duke of Calabria. While still heir apparent he professed liberal ideas, and on the outbreak of the revolution of 1820 he accepted the regency apparently in a friendly spirit towards the new constitution. But he was probably more conservatively inclined than that.
Hence, on succeeding to the throne in 1825, he followed more conservative principles as well. He took little part in the government, which he left in the hands of favourites and police officials, and lived with his mistresses, surrounded by soldiers, ever in dread of assassination. During his reign the only revolutionary movement was the outbreak on the Cilento (1828), repressed by the marquis Delcarretto, an ex-Liberal. He was, however successful in having the Austrian occupation force withdrawn (1827) therefore relieving a large financial burden on the Treasury.
During his reign, the
Royal Order of Francis Iwas founded to reward civil merit.
With Maria Clementina of Austria:
* Carolina Ferdinanda Luisa (1798-1870), who married 1st
Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry, the second son of King Charles X of France, and 2nd Ettore Count Lucchesi Palli, Prince di Campofranco, Duke della Grazia.
* Ferdinando (1800-1801).
With Isabella of Spain:
* Luisa Carlotta (1804-1844), who married her mother's younger brother
Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain.
* María Cristina (1806-1878), who married 1st her uncle
Ferdinand VII of Spain(her mother's older brother) and 2nd Ferdinand Muñoz, Duke of Rianzares.
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies(1810-1859) who became Francis I's successor and married twice.
* Carlo Ferdinando, Prince of Capua (1811-1862). Married morganatically to Penelope Smyth and had issue.
* Leopoldo, Count di Siracusa (1813-1860). Married Maria Princess of Savoy-Carignano. No issue.
* Maria Antonietta (1814-1898). Married
Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
* Antonio, Count of Lecce (1816-1843).
* Marie Amalie (1818-1857), who married Sebastian de Bourbon, Infante of Spain.
* Maria Carolina (1820-1861). Married
Carlos, Conde de Montemolinof Spain and Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain.
* Teresa (1822-1889). Married
Pedro II of Brazil.
* Luigi, Count di Aquila (1824-1897). Married
Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil(sister of Pedro II of Brazil and Maria II of Portugal). Had issue.
* Francesco, Count of Trapani (1827-1892). Married Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria, Princess of Tuscany and had issue.
Also had illegitimate children with his mistresses.
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1= 1. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Maria Carolina of Austria
Charles III of Spain
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Theresa of Austria
Philip V of Spain
Elisabeth of Parma
Augustus III of Poland
Maria Josepha of Austria
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
16= 16. Louis, Dauphin of France
Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
Odoardo II Farnese
Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
20= 20. Augustus II of Poland
Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Eleonor Magdalene of the Palatinate
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
width="30%" align="center" | Preceded by:
width="40%" align="center" | King of the Two Sicilies
4 January 1825- 8 November 1830
width="30%" align="center" | Succeeded by:
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