Operational Structure of the Italian Army

Operational Structure of the Italian Army

The following list gives an overview of the entire chain of command and organization of the Italian Army for the year 2009 and includes all units currently active.[1]

Contents

Italian Army Command structure

The Armed Forces of Italy are under the command of the Italian Supreme Defense Council, presided over by the President of the Italian Republic. The Italian Army is commanded by the SME or "Stato Maggiore dell’Esercito" (Chief of the Army General Staff) in Rome. The Chief of staff has direct control of all support and logistics operations in Italy (i.e. military clinics, repair facilities, acquisitions,…), but no direct control of the operational forces, which are all assigned to and commanded by COMFOTER: "Comando delle Forze Operative Terrestri" (Command of Operational Land Forces).

COMFOTER

COMFOTER has direct command on a NATO rapid reaction Corps Command (NRDC-IT), of four support brigades (Artillery, Air Defense, Logistics, Engineering), as well as command of the Army Aviation, the Army Communication and Transmission command and of three commands called COMFOD 1, COMFOD 2 and COMALP, which between them command the actual 11 Italian combat Brigades. The attached units are in detail:

Order of Battle

Structure of the Italian Army (click to enlarge).

Geographical Distribution

Operational Structure of the Italian Army is located in Italy
COMFOTER
COMFOD 1
Ariete
4 Armored
32 Arm.
132 Arm.
132 Art.
10 Eng.
187 Para.
185° RAO
183 Para.
186 Para.
8 Engineer
121 AirDef
Railway Eng.
3 Cavalry
66 Infantry
11 Bers.
5 Av.
5 Cav.
5 Art.
7 Aviation
Pozzuolo
2 Cavalry
4 Cav.
Horse Artillery
3 Eng.
8 Alpini
COMFOD 2
Garibaldi
131 Armored
8 Artillery
1 Bersaglieri
8 Bersaglieri
21 Engineer
3 Bersaglieri
19 Cavalry
Sassari
151 Infantry
152 Infantry
5 Engineer
Aosta
5 Infantry
24 Artillery
6 Cavalry
6 Bersaglieri
62 Infantry
4 Engineer
Granatieri
1 Granatieri
6 Pioneers
8 Cavalry
33 Artillery
Pinerolo
7 Bersaglieri
9 Infantry
82 Infantry
21 Artillery
11 Engineer
5 Alpini
7 Alpini
3 ArtiMon
2 Engineer
2 ArtiMon
2 Alpini
3 Alpini
9 Alpini
1 ArtiMon
32 Engineer
6 Alpini
4 Alpini
Alpine Training
1 Cavalry
ParaTrain.
1 Aviation
2 Aviation
4 Aviation
52 Artillery
7 NBC Def
28 PsyOps
5 AirDef
4 AirDef
17 AirDef
2 Bridge Eng.
Unit Locations (Signal and Logistic units not included)

NRDC-IT

CoA mil ITA brg NRDC IT.png The NRDC or "NATO Rapid Deployable Corps" is located in Solbiate Olona and has a support brigade at its dependency, formed by:

  • CoA mil ITA brg NRDC IT.png NRDC-IT Support Brigade in Solbiate Olona (Lombardy)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 01.png 1st Signal Regiment in Milan (Lombardy)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico 33.png (33rd) Logistic Support Regiment in Solbiate Olona (Lombardy)

COMALP

CoA mil ITA cdo Comalp.jpg "Comando Truppe Alpine" (Alpine Troops Command) or COMALP has command over the Mountain Troops of the Italian Army, called Alpini (English: Alpines). It is located in Bolzano and consists of the following units:

Alpini from the Taurinense Brigade.
  • CoA mil ITA brg Taurinense.jpg Taurinense Alpine Brigade in Turin (Piedmont)
    • CoA mil ITA btg log taurinense.png "Taurinense" Combat Service Support Battalion in Turin
    • CoA mil ITA rgt cavalleria 01.png 1st Cavalry Regiment "Nizza Cavalleria" in Pinerolo (Piedmont) with 40 Centauro and 36 Puma 4x4
    • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 002.png 2nd Alpini Regiment "Btg Saluzzo" in Cuneo (Piedmont) with 21 Bv206S and 26 Puma 6x6
    • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 003.png 3rd Alpini Regiment "Btg Susa" in Pinerolo (Piedmont) with 21 Bv206S and 26 Puma 6x6
    • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 009.png 9th Alpini Regiment "Btg l'Aquila" in L'Aquila (Abruzzi) with 21 Bv206S and 26 Puma 6x6
    • CoA 1 Artimon Rgt.svg 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment "Grp Aosta" in Fossano (Piedmont) with 24 FH-70
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 32.png 32nd Alpini Engineer Regiment in Turin (Piedmont)
  • CoA mil ITA brg Julia.jpg Julia Alpine Brigade in Udine (Friuli)
    • CoA mil ITA btg log julia.png "Julia" Combat Service Support Battalion in Udine
    • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 005.png 5th Alpini Regiment "Btg Morbegno" in Sterzing (South Tyrol) with 21 Bv206S and 26 Puma 6x6
    • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 007.png 7th Alpini Regiment "Btg Feltre" in Belluno (Veneto) with 21 Bv206S and 26 Puma 6x6
    • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 008.png 8th Alpini Regiment "Btg Tolmezzo" in Cividale (Friuli) with 21 Bv206S and 26 Puma 6x6
    • CoA 3 Artimon Rgt.png 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment "Grp Conegliano" in Tolmezzo (Friuli) with 24 FH-70
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 02.png 2nd Engineer Regiment "Btg Iseo" in Trento (Trentino)
    • 1st Hungarian Light Infantry Battalion (for out of area NATO peacekeeping deployment)
    • 10th Slovenian Motorised Infantry Battalion (for out of area NATO peacekeeping deployment)

COMFOD 1

An NH90 Helicopter of the Italian Army

CoA mil ITA cdo Comfod 1.jpg "Comando Forze di Difesa 1" or COMFOD 1 resides in the north-eastern city of Vittorio Veneto (Veneto) and commands the most specialized brigades of the Italian Army:

  • CoA mil ITA div Mantova.jpg "Mantova" Infantry Division Command (without fixed units) in Vittorio Veneto
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico mantova.png "Mantova" Combat Service Support Battalion supporting COMFOD 1 and "Mantova" Division in Vittorio Veneto
  • CoA mil ITA b cor Ariete.jpg Ariete Armored Brigade in Pordenone (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 004.png 4th Tank Regiment in Bellinzago Novarese (Piedmont) with 30 Ariete and 22 Dardo
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 032.png 32nd Tank Regiment in Tauriano (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) with 30 Ariete and 22 Dardo
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 132.png 132nd Tank Regiment in Cordenons (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) with 30 Ariete and 22 Dardo
    • CoA mil ITA rgt bersaglieri 11.png 11st Bersaglieri mechanized Infantry Regiment in Orcenigo Superiore (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) with 36 Dardo and 14 Ariete
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 132.png 132nd Self Propelled Artillery Rgt. "Ariete" in Maniago (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) with 32 PzH 2000
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 10.png 10th Engineer Regiment in Cremona (Lombardy)
    • CoA mil ITA b cor Ariete.jpg "Ariete" Combat Service Support Battalion in Pordenone
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico ariete.png "Ariete" Logistic Battalion in Maniago

COMFOD 2

CoA mil ITA cdo Comfod 2.jpg "Comando Forze di Difesa 2" or COMFOD 2 resides in S. Giorgio a Cremano near Naples and commands 5 brigades. Three of those, the brigades "Aosta", "Pinerolo" and "Granatieri di Sardegna" are made up of one year volunteers and therefore intended for use mainly on Italian soil. The COMFOD 2 commands:

  • "Acqui" Division Command (without fixed units) in San Giorgio a Cremano, Naples
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico acqui.png "Acqui" Combat Service Support Battalion in Naples
  • CoA mil ITA b ber Garibaldi.jpg Garibaldi Bersaglieri Brigade in Caserta (Campania)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 131.png 131st Tank Regiment in Persano (Campania) with 30 Ariete and 22 Dardo
    • CoA mil ITA rgt cavalleria 19.png 19th Cavalry Regiment "Cavalleggeri Guide" in Salerno (Campania) with 40 Centauro and 36 Puma 4x4
    • CoA mil ITA rgt bersaglieri 01.png 1st Bersaglieri Regiment in Cosenza (Calabria) with 36 Dardo and 14 Ariete
    • CoA mil ITA rgt bersaglieri 08.png 8th Bersaglieri Regiment in Caserta (Campania) with 36 Dardo and 14 Ariete
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 008.png 8th Self propelled Artillery Regiment "Pasubio" in Persano (Campania) with 32 PzH 2000
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 21.png 21st Engineer Regiment in Caserta (Campania)
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico garibaldi.png "Garibaldi" Combat Service Support Battalion in Caserta
Soldiers of the 8th Cavalry Regiment “Lancieri di Montebello”
Soldiers of the 6th Cavalry Regiment “Lancieri di Aosta”
Soldiers of the Sassari Brigade
  • CoA mil ITA b mec Granatieri.jpg Granatieri di Sardegna Mechanized Brigade in Rome (Lazio)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt granatieri 1.png 1st "Granatieri di Sardegna" Mechanized Infantry Regiment in Rome (Lazio) with 59 VCC-2 (will eventually be replaced by VBM Freccia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt cavalleria 08.png 8th Cavalry Regiment "Lancieri di Montebello" in Rome (Lazio) with 40 Centauro and 36 Puma 4x4
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 033.png 33rd Self propelled Artillery Regiment "Acqui" in l'Aquila (Abruzzo) with 32 M109/L
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico granatieri.png "Granatieri di Sardegna" Combat Service Support Battalion in Rome
  • CoA of the Pinerolo Brigade.svg Pinerolo Mechanized Brigade in Bari (Apulia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt bersaglieri 07.png 7th Bersaglieri Regiment in Bari (Apulia) with 59 VCC-2
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 009.png 9th Infantry Regiment "Bari" in Trani (Apulia) with VBM Freccia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 082.png 82nd Infantry Regiment "Torino" in Barletta (Apulia) with VBM Freccia
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 021.png 21st Self propelled Artillery Regiment "Trieste" in Foggia (Apulia) with 32 M109/L
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 11.png 11st Engineer Regiment in Foggia (Apulia)
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico pinerolo.png "Pinerolo" Combat Service Support Battalion in Bari
  • CoA of the Aosta Battalion.svg Aosta Mechanized Brigade Messina (Sicily)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt cavalleria 06.png 6th Cavalry Regiment "Lancieri d’Aosta" in Palermo (Sicily) 40 Centauro and 36 Puma 4x4
    • CoA mil ITA rgt bersaglieri 06.png 6th Bersaglieri Regiment in Trapani (Sicily) with 59 VCC-2 (M113 improved)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 005.png 5th Infantry Regiment "Aosta" in Messina (Sicily) with 59 VCC-2 (being replaced by VBM Freccia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 062.png 62nd Infantry Regiment "Sicilia" in Catania (Sicily) with 59 VCC-2 (being replaced by VBM Freccia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 024.png 24th Self propelled Artillery Regiment "Peloritani" in Messina (Sicily) with 32 M109/L
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 04.png 4th Engineer Regiment in Palermo (Sicily)
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico aosta.png "Aosta" Combat Service Support Battalion in Messina
  • CoA mil ITA b mec Sassari.jpg Sassari Mechanized Brigade in Sassari (Sardinia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt bersaglieri 03.png 3rd Bersaglieri Regiment in Teulada (Sardinia) with 59 VCC-2
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 151.png 151st Infantry Regiment "Sassari" in Cagliari (Sardinia) with 59 VCC-2
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 152.png 152nd Infantry Regiment "Sassari" in Sassari (Sardinia) with 59 VCC-2
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 05.png 5th Engineer Regiment in Macomer (Sardinia)
    • "Sassari" Combat Service Support Battalion in Sassari

Signal and Information Command

CoA mil ITA cdo Cotie.jpg "Comando Trasmissioni e ed Informazioni dell’Esercito" or CoTIE is the Italian Army's Signal and Information Command, it resides in Anzio (Lazio) and consists of the following units:

  • Signal Brigade in Anzio (Lazio)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 02.png 2nd Signal Regiment (Alpini) in Bolzano with the Battalions:
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 03.png 3rd Signal Regiment in Rome (Lazio) with the Battalion:
      • "Lanciano"
      • "Abetone"
      • "Gennargentu"
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 07.png 7th Signal Regiment in Sacile with the Battalions:
      • "Rolle"
      • "Predil"
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 11.png 11st Signal Regiment in Civitavecchia (Lazio) with the Battalions:
      • "Leonessa"
      • "Tonale"
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 32.png 32nd Signal Regiment in Padova (Veneto) with the Battalions :
      • "Valles"
      • "Frejus"
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 46.png 46th Signal Regiment in Palermo (Sicily) with the Battalions:
      • "Mongibello"
      • "Vulture"
    • 232nd Signal Regiment in Avellino (Campania) with the Battalion:
      • "Fadalto"
    • Signal Brigade Support Battalion in Anzio (Lazio)

Army Aviation Command

CoA mil ITA AVES.jpg The Army Aviation Command resides in Viterbo and includes the non combat flying formations of the Army (i.e. Transport Planes, support helicopters,…)

  • CoA mil ITA centro aves.png Army Aviation Instruction Center in Viterbo
  • Army Aviation Brigade in Viterbo
    • CoA mil ITA rgt aves 1.png 1st Army Aviation Regiment "Antares" in Viterbo (Lazio) with 24x CH-47C "Chinook", 4x NH90 TTH and 6x AB 412
    • CoA mil ITA rgt aves 2.png 2nd Army Aviation Regiment "Sirio" in Lamezia Terme (Calabria) with 6x AB 412 and 12x AB 205A-1
    • CoA mil ITA rgt aves 4.png 4th Army Aviation Regiment "Altair" in Venaria (Piedmont) and Bolzano (South Tyrol) with 18x AB 205
    • 26th Army Aviation Squadron REOS "Giove" - Army Aviation Special Operations Squadron in Viterbo (Special Operations Forces)
    • 28th Army Aviation Squadron "Tucano" in Viterbo with 3x Dornier DO-228 and 3x Piaggio P-180
    • 51st Army Aviation Squadron SOATCC - Army Aviation ELINT Reconnaissance Squadron in Padova
    • ITALAIR Squadron in Naqoura (Lebanon) with 4x AB 205

Support Command

The Support Command commands four of the Armys schools and four commands, which combine Schools and active units.

  • NBC-defense School
  • CoA mil ITA scuola trasmissioni.pngSignal and Information Technology School
  • CoA mil ITA scuola amministrazione.png Administration and Commissariat School
  • Medical & Veterinary School

Air Defense Command

CoA mil ITA b aca.jpg Air Defense Artillery Command in Sabaudia, with dual training and operational role

  • Air Defense Training Regiment in Sabaudia
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 004.png 4th Air Defense Regiment "Peschiera" in Mantova with 30 Hawk surface-to-air missile systems
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 005.png 5th Air Defense Regiment "Pescara" in Rovigo with 30 Hawk surface-to-air missile systems
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 017.png 17th Air Defense Regiment "Sforzesca" in Sabaudia with Skyguard "Aspide", SIDAM 25 and Stinger
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 121.png 121st Air Defense Regiment "Ravenna" in Bologna with Skyguard "Aspide", SIDAM 25 and Stinger

Field Artillery Command

CoA mil ITA brg Artiglieria.jpg Field Artillery Command in Bracciano (Lazio)

  • Artillery Training Regiment in Bracciano
  • CoA 2 Artimon Rgt.png 2nd Alpine Artillery Regiment "Grp Vicenza" in Trento (Trentino) with 24 FH-70
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 005.png 5th Rocket Artillery Regiment "Superga" in Portogruaro (Veneto) with 22 MLRS
  • CoA mil ITA rgt NBC 007.png 7th NBC Defense Regiment "Cremona" in Civitavecchia (Lazio) with VAB in the NBC configuration
  • Coat of Arms of the 28th Infantry Regiment 28th Psychological Warfare Regiment "Pavia" in Pesaro (Marche)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 052.png 52nd Self propelled Artillery Regiment "Torino" in Vercelli (Piedmont) with 32 M109/L

Engineer Command

CoA mil ITA brg Genio.jpg Engineer Command in Rome (Lazio)

  • Engineer Training Regiment in Rome
  • CoA mil ITA rgt genio pontieri.png 2nd Bridge Engineers Regiment in Piacenza
  • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 06.png 6th Pioneer Engineers Regiment in Rome
  • CoA mil ITA rgt genio ferrovieri.png Railway Engineers Regiment in Castel Maggiore (near Bologna; 2 Battalions)
  • CIMIC Group South in Motta di Livenza (Veneto)

Logistic Projection Command

CoA mil ITA b log.jpg Logistics Command in Rome (Lazio)
Each Maneuver Logistics Regiment consists of a HQ company, a medical battalion, a maintenance battalion and a supply battalion. Each Transport Regiment consists of a HQ company, a transport battalion and a transport management battalion.

  • Logistic Training Regiment in Rome
  • CoA mil ITA btg trasporti 01.png 1st Maneuver Regiment in Rivoli
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico folgore.png 6th Maneuver Regiment in Pisa (Tuscany)
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico garibaldi.png 10th Maneuver Regiment in Persano (Campania)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico 24.png 24th Alpine Maneuver Regiment "Dolomiti" in Meran (Bolzano)
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico centauro.png 1st Transport Regiment in Bellinzago Novarese
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasporti 06.png 6th Transport Regiment in Budrio
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico 08.png 8th Transport Regiment in Orzano
  • CoA mil ITA btg trasporti 10.png 10th Transport Regiment in Bari (Apulia)

Support units

The following support units are not under the command of COMFOTER and their role is exclusively the support of units on Italian soil. They are commanded by various sub staffs of the SME- Army General Staff in Rome.

  • CoA mil ITA scuola applicazione.png Training Brigade in Capua
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 017.png 17th Infantry Regiment "Acqui" in Capua
    • CoA mil ITA btg fanteria 047.png 47th Infantry Regiment "Ferrara" in Capua
    • CoA mil ITA btg fanteria 057.png 57th Infantry Battalion "Abruzzi" in Sora
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 085.png 85th Infantry Regiment "Verona" in Montorio Veronese with two battalions
    • CoA mil ITA btg fanteria 123.png 123rd Infantry Regiment "Chieti" in Chieti
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 235.png 235th Infantry Regiment "Piceno" in Ascoli Piceno
  • other Training units:
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 001.png 1st Armored Regiment in Capo Teulada (Sardinia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 031.png 31st Armored Regiment in Altamura (Apulia)
  • Technical Support and Logistics units:
    • Military Region North
    • Military Region South
      • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 44.png 44th Signal Support Regiment in Rome
      • CoA mil ITA rgt sost aves 1.png 1st Army Aviation Support Regiment "Idra" in Bracciano
      • CoA mil ITA rgt sost aves 4.png 4th Army Aviation Support Regiment "Scorpione" in Viterbo
  • Others
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasporti 08.png 8th Transport Regiment "Casilina"
    • CoA mil ITA autogr manovra 11.png 11st Transport Battalion "Flaminia"
    • CoA mil ITA rgt fanteria 080.png 80th Infantry Regiment "Roma" in Cassino

References


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