Bolzano

Bolzano

:"For the mathematician, see Bernard Bolzano; for other uses, see Bolzano (disambiguation).

Infobox CityIT


image_caption = Cathedral of Bolzano
img_coa = ITA Bozen-Bolzano COA.svg
official_name = Città di Bolzano
Stadt Bozen
region = Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
province = Bolzano-Bozen (BZ)
elevation_m = 262
area_total_km2 = 52.34
population_as_of = March 31, 2008
population_total = 101,063
population_density_km2 = 1911
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|46|30|N|11|21|E|type:city(99299)_region:IT-BZ
frazioni =
telephone = 0471
postalcode = 39100
gentilic = Italian: bolzanini
German: Bozner
saint =
day =
mapx = 46.65
mapy = 11.35
name = Bolzano
mayor = Luigi Spagnolli
website = [http://www.comune.bolzano.it www.comune.bolzano.it]

Bolzano (German: "Bozen", archaic "Botzen"; Ladin: "Bulsan"; _la. Bauzanum; many of the region's Italian languages/dialects use "Bolzan" or "Bulsan") is a city in the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region of Italy. Bolzano is the capital of the province of Bolzano-Bozen.

The "Museum of Archeology" in Bolzano is where the ice-mummy "Ötzi" is kept.

In 2008 Bolzano will be one of the locations in the region Trentino-Alto Adige where the seventh edition of the world renowned Manifesta, the European Biennial of Contemporary Art will be held.

The city is also the home of the Italian Army's Alpini High Command (COMALP) and some of its combat and support units. [ [http://www.truppealpine.eu/composizione/unita_supporto_base.htm Le unità di supporto del Comando Truppe Alpine ] ]

History

Initially inhabited by the Raetians, the area was settled by the Romans in 15 BC, by general Nero Claudius Drusus, to whom referred the name of the first settlement in the area (an army camp with a bridge by the Isarco River). The nearby founded village was called "Bauzanum". Bolzano has been a trading point since its foundation and elevation to a town over 800 years ago, due to its location in between the two major cities of Venice and Augsburg. Four times a year a market was held and traders came from the south and the north. The mercantile magistrate was therefore founded in 1635. Every market season two Italian and two German officers (appointed from the traders who operated there) worked in this office. The city was a cultural crosspoint at that time.

Before World War I, Bolzano was part of the Austro-Hungarian county of Tyrol. It was annexed by Italy at the end of the war and later became capital of the autonomous Province of Bolzano-Bozen.

ociety and economy

According to the 2001 census, 73% of the city inhabitants were Italian speakers. 26% speak German and 1% Ladin as their first language. The city thrives on a mix of old and new—high-quality intensive agriculture (including wine, fruit and dairy products), tourism, traditional handicraft (wood, ceramics) and advanced services. Heavy industry (machinery, automotive, steel) installed during the 1930s has now been mostly dismanteled. On the downside, the local economy is very dependent on the public sector, and especially the provincial government.

Bolzano was ranked as having the second highest quality of life of Italian cities in 2007, with neighbouring Trento topping the list [ [http://www.ilsole24ore.com/includes2007/speciali/qualita-della-vita/scheda_finale.shtml] ] .

Main sights

The city's Italian-Austrian character, enhanced by the narrow cobblestone streets, Habsburg-era churches and pervasive bilingual signage give it the unique flavour of a city at crossroads between Italian and Austrian cultures. This, and its natural and cultural attractions make it a renowned tourist destination.

Among the major monuments and sights are:
* "Walther Square", with a statue of Walther von der Vogelweide, the German minstrel ("minnesinger");
* the "South Tyrol Archeological Museum", which hosts the mummy of Ötzi the Iceman;
* the Gothic Cathedral, started in 1184, probably on the foundations of a Roman villa and rebuilt in the 14th Century by architects Martin and Peter Schiche (completed 1382);
* various castles, including "Mareccio Castle", "Roncolo Castle" and "Firmiano Castle";
* the First World War "Victory Monument", a controversial monument built by Mussolini in 1928.
* the Messner Mountain Museum Firmian

For more historical and geographical information, see Province of Bolzano-Bozen.

City districts and neighboring communities

City districts:
* Centro-Piani-Rencio (German: "Zentrum-Bozner Boden-Rentsch")
* Don Bosco
* Europa-Novacella (German: "Europa-Neustift")
* Gries-San Quirino (German: "Gries-Quirein")
* Oltrisarco-Aslago (German: "Oberau-Haslach")

Neighbouring communities are: Eppan an der Weinstraße, Karneid, Laives, Deutschnofen, Ritten, Jenesien, Terlan, and Vadena.

Other important nearby towns are Brixen, Bruneck and Merano.

Twin cities

*flagicon|Hungary Sopron, Hungary

Transportation

Highway A22-E45 to Trento and Verona and to Innsbruck and Munich. Railway (main line between Italy and Germany).

The Bolzano Airport (IATA: BZO) has flights to Rome, Vienna, Milan and more.

port

occer

Teams

*F.C. Südtirol-Alto Adige plays in Serie C2
*F.C. Bolzano 1996 plays in Eccellenza

Handball

Teams

*SSV Bozen Handball A1

Ice Hockey

Teams

*HC Bolzano Bozen Foxes plays in Serie A

External links

*it icon de icon [http://www.comune.bolzano.it Homepage of the city]
* [http://www.bolzano-bozen.it Tourism office of the city]
*wikitravel

References



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • BOLZANO (B.) — Théologien, philosophe, surtout logicien et mathématicien, Bolzano a laissé une œuvre très étendue et très importante que ses contemporains ont presque entièrement ignorée. D’une part, la nature de ses préoccupations, toutes centrées sur les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bolzano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Este artículo es sobre la ciudad italiana. Para otros usos, véase Bolzano (desambiguación). Città di Bolzano Stadt Bozen Cité da Bulsan …   Wikipedia Español

  • BOLZANO — (Ger. Bolzen), capital of Bolzano province, northern Italy. Jewish moneylenders began to settle in Bolzano after it passed to the Habsburgs in 1363. While some originated from Italy, they were predominantly of German origin. The   persecutions… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bolzāno [1] — Bolzāno, Stadt, so v.w. Bozen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bolzāno [2] — Bolzāno, Bernhard, geb. 1781 in Prag; wurde 1803 Priester u. Lehrer der Religionswissenschaft bei der Universität daselbst, aber 1820 wegen theologischer Streitfragen suspendirt u. ihm aufgegeben, religiöse Irrthümer, deren man ihn beschuldigte,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bolzāno — Bolzāno, ital. Name für Bozen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano — Bolzāno, ital. Name von Bozen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano [2] — Bolzāno, Bernh., kath. Theolog, Philosoph und Mathematiker, geb. 5. Okt. 1781 zu Prag, 1805 20 Prof. an der Universität das., gest. 18. Dez. 1848; Hauptwerke: »Wissenschaftslehre« (4 Bde., 1837), »Paradoxien des Unendlichen« (2. Aufl. 1889). –… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano [1] — Bolzano, Bernhard, geb. 1781 zu Prag. seit 1805 Priester, erhielt die Kanzel der Religionsphilosophie an der Universität Prag, wurde dieses Postens jedoch 1820 enthoben, privatisirte seitdem und st. 1848 in Prag. Er schrieb außer mathematischen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano [2] — Bolzano, s. Bozen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano — (Bernhard) (1781 1848) logicien et mathématicien tchèque d origine italienne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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