Mannitol salt agar

Mannitol salt agar
An MSA plate with Micrococcus sp. (1), Staphylococcus epidermis (2) and S. aureus colonies (3).
Gélose Chapman.JPG

Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used growth medium in microbiology. It encourages the growth of a group of certain bacteria while inhibiting the growth of others. This medium is important in medical laboratories by distinguishing pathogenic microbes in a short period of time. [1] It contains a high concentration (~7.5%-10%) of salt (NaCl), making it selective for Staphylococci (and Micrococcaceae) since this level of NaCl is inhibitory to most other bacteria[2]. It is also a differential medium, containing mannitol and the indicator phenol red. Coagulase-positive Staphylococci produce yellow colonies with yellow zones, whereas coagulase-negative Staphylococci produce small pink or red colonies with no color change to the medium.[3] If an organism can ferment mannitol, an acidic byproduct is formed that will cause the phenol red in the agar to turn yellow. [4] It is used for the selective isolation of presumptive pathogen (pp) Staphylococci.

Contents

Expected Results

  • Gram + staphylococci fermenting mannitol: Media turns yellow
  • Gram + staphylococci not fermenting mannitol: Media does not change color
  • Gram + streptococci: inhibited growth
  • Gram - : inhibited growth [5]

Typical composition

MSA typically contains[6]:

References

  1. ^ Bachoon, Dave S., and Wendy A. Dustman. Microbiology Laboratory Manual. Ed. Michael Stranz. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2008. Exercise 8, "Selective and Differential Media for Isolation" Print.
  2. ^ Becton, Dickinson and Company, Mannitol salt agar, 2005, [1].
  3. ^ Neogen corp., Mannitol salt agar (7143), 2008, [2].
  4. ^ Bachoon, Dave S., and Wendy A. Dustman. Microbiology Laboratory Manual. Ed. Michael Stranz. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2008. Exercise 8, "Selective and Differential Media for Isolation" Print.
  5. ^ Bachoon, Dave S., and Wendy A. Dustman. Microbiology Laboratory Manual. Ed. Michael Stranz. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2008. Exercise 8, "Selective and Differential Media for Isolation" Print.
  6. ^ United States Pharmacopeial Convention. 1995. The United States Pharmacopeia, 23rd ed. The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Rockville, MD.

Bachoon, Dave S., and Wendy A. Dustman. Microbiology Laboratory Manual. Ed. Michael Stranz. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2008. Exercise 8, "Selective and Differential Media for Isolation" Print.

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