...And Justice for All (album)

...And Justice for All (album)
...And Justice for All
Studio album by Metallica
Released August 25, 1988 (1988-08-25)[1]
Recorded January 28–May 1, 1988 at One on One Recording Studios, Los Angeles, California[2][3]
Genre Progressive metal, thrash metal
Length 65:25
Label Elektra, Vertigo
Producer Metallica and Flemming Rasmussen
Metallica chronology
Master of Puppets
...And Justice for All
Singles from ...And Justice for All
  1. "Harvester of Sorrow"
    Released: August 28, 1988[4]
  2. "...And Justice for All"
    Released: September 6, 1988
  3. "Eye of the Beholder"
    Released: October 30, 1988[5]
  4. "One"
    Released: January 10, 1989[6]

...And Justice for All is the fourth studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica. It was released on August 25, 1988 through Elektra Records. It is the first full-length Metallica album to feature bassist Jason Newsted following the death of Cliff Burton in 1986. (Newsted had previously participated on the cover album The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited EP, which was his first recorded work with Metallica.) ...And Justice for All was certified 8x platinum by the RIAA on June 9, 2003.[7]

The front cover depicts the statue of Lady Justice (also known by fans as Doris)[citation needed] cracked, bound by ropes, her breasts exposed, and both of her scales filled with dollars. The words "…And Justice for All" are written in graffiti to the right. The cover was made by Stephen Gorman after a concept by James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich.[3] ...And Justice for All was the last Metallica album that Rasmussen worked on as a co-producer. The album was initially released on one vinyl disc, but soon after re-released (without additional tracks) as a double-album.


Background and production

The album was co-produced by Flemming Rasmussen. Rasmussen, who had also co-produced the previous Ride the Lightning and Master of Puppets albums, was initially unavailable. Metallica chose not to wait and started working with Mike Clink (who had caught attention as the producer of the Guns N' Roses album Appetite for Destruction). But things did not work out as they forecasted: Clink was eventually replaced by Rasmussen. He was credited for engineering the drums and for helping recording two cover songs ("Breadfan" and "The Prince") that were released as b-sides of the "Harvester of Sorrow" CD single. The songs were later included on the compilation album Garage Inc. in 1998 (along with other covers the band had recorded throughout its career).

Music and lyrics

The album's dark lyrical material features a conceptual uniformity around notions of political and legal injustice, as seen through the prism of war, censored speech, and nuclear brinkmanship. This is musically accompanied by what may be the most complex song structures in Metallica's discography. The arrangements are particularly complicated for a thrash metal album, being likened to progressive metal in their complexity.[8] The album is also noted for its nearly-inaudible bass guitar (Newsted was quoted as saying "The Justice album wasn't something that really felt good for me, because you really can't hear the bass")[9] and dry, sterile production, and therefore has been called a "slightly flawed masterpiece and the pinnacle of Metallica's progressive years" by Allmusic.com.[10]


Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars link
BBC Music mixed link
The Daily Vault A- link
Kerrang! 5/5 stars
Metal Hammer 10/10 stars
MSN Music 4.5/5 stars link
Metal Storm 9/10 stars link
Punknews.org 5/5 stars link
Q 5/5 stars
Robert Christgau C+ link
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[11]
Sputnikmusic 4.5/5 stars link

...And Justice for All was Metallica's best-selling album upon its release. Metallica released four singles, "Eye of the Beholder", "Harvester of Sorrow", "...And Justice for All" and "One".

...And Justice for All was Metallica's breakthrough album and reached number six on the Billboard 200.[12] Though it would soon be over-shadowed commercially by the band's following album Metallica (1991), ...And Justice for All nevertheless confirmed Metallica's large-scale arena status.

The album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance in 1989, but with much controversy, it lost to Jethro Tull's Crest of a Knave. In 2007, the win was named one of the 10 biggest upsets in Grammy history by Entertainment Weekly.[13]

The guitar solo of "One" was ranked number seven in Guitar World's compilation of the 100 Greatest Guitar Solos of all time.[14] In this same magazine's 2006 reader poll, …And Justice for All placed 12th on a list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Albums.[15]

The album was ranked at number nine in IGN's Top 25 Metal Albums.[16] The album is featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Kerrang! magazine listed the album at No. 42 among the "100 Greatest Heavy Metal Albums of All Time".[17]

Metallica released its first music video for "One", after years of resisting pressure to release music videos for its tracks.[18] The video incited controversy among their fans, who had valued the band's apparent opposition to MTV and other forms of mainstream commercial metal.

Live performances

Hammett noted the length of the songs being problematic for fans and the band. "Touring behind it, we realized that the general consensus was that songs were too fucking long," he said. "One day after we played 'Justice' and got off the stage one of us said, 'we're never fucking playing that song again.'"[19] He is also quoted in an interview for SoWhat! magazine as saying "'Justice' was a bit much for me. I couldn't stand watching the front row start to yawn by the eight or ninth minute."[citation needed]

In spite of this, the song "One" quickly gained a permanent fixture in the band's live setlist since the release of the album.[20] The only other song from …And Justice for All that has come close to this is "Harvester of Sorrow", a song that was played live heavily after the album's release but has only begun to be played again recently. "Blackened" has also recently seen some exposure in the World Magnetic Tour and for the Sonisphere festival.

When the song "One" is played live, the war sounds heard at the beginning of the song are often lengthened to sometimes around two minutes instead of the original seventeen seconds. When the war sounds have reached a conclusion, after having a pitch-black stage, fire will erupt from various points of the stage.

Sixteen years after "Dyers Eve" was recorded, on March 5, 2004, the band performed the song in its entirety for the first time ever on the Madly in Anger with the World Tour at The Forum in Inglewood, California.[21]

On June 28, 2007, Metallica played the title track for the first time since October 1989, in Lisbon on the first show of their Sick of the Studio '07 tour[22] and made it a set-fixture for the remainder of that routing. In 2008-2010, "...And Justice for All" was played again on rare occasions during their World Magnetic Tour.

Also on September 19, 2009, "The Shortest Straw" made its way back into the set lists during its World Magnetic Tour after a 12 year absence at the Montreal Bell Center, not being played live since February 9, 1997. It was also played at the Sonisphere Festival in England in 2011.

To date, "The Frayed Ends of Sanity" and "To Live Is to Die" remain the only songs from the album that have never been performed live in their entirety. Instead, the band played segments of them during solos, impromptu jams, or, in the case of "The Frayed Ends of Sanity", in a "Justice" medley featured on the live album Live Shit: Binge and Purge.

"Eye of the Beholder" has not been played live in its entirety since 1989. One such performance appears on Metallica's live extended play, Six Feet Down Under.

Track listing

All lyrics written by James Hetfield, except "To Live Is to Die" by Cliff Burton[3]

No. Title Music Length
1. "Blackened"   James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Jason Newsted 6:41
2. "...And Justice for All"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Kirk Hammett 9:46
3. "Eye of the Beholder"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 6:29
4. "One"   Hetfield, Ulrich 7:24
5. "The Shortest Straw"   Hetfield, Ulrich 6:35
6. "Harvester of Sorrow"   Hetfield, Ulrich 5:45
7. "The Frayed Ends of Sanity"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 7:41
8. "To Live Is to Die"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton 9:49
9. "Dyers Eve"   Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett 5:13
Total length:

"The Prince" was also released on the "Harvester of Sorrow" and "One" CD singles, and later on the Garage Inc. covers album.

Cliff Burton receives co-writers credit on "To Live Is to Die" as the bass line was a medley of unused bass recordings Burton had performed prior to his death. While the original recordings are not used on the track, the compositions are credited as written by Burton and are played by Metallica's bassist at the time, Jason Newsted. The words spoken towards the end of the song ("when a man lies, he murders some part of the world. These are the pale deaths which men miscall their lives...") by Hetfield were written by German poet Paul Gerhardt, but are misattributed to Burton in the liner notes. Still, the second half of the speech ("All this I cannot bear to witness any longer. Cannot the kingdom of salvation take me home") were written by Burton.


Production [3]

  • James Hetfield; Lars Ulrich – cover concept
  • Stephen Gorman; Pushead – illustrations
  • Ross Halfin – photography
  • Reiner Design Consultants, Inc. – design, layout

Chart positions


Year Chart Position
1988 Billboard 200 [1] 6
UK Albums Chart [23] 4
2007 Finnish Album Chart[24] 8
2009 Mexico Album Chart 92


Year Song Chart Position
1988 "Harvester of Sorrow" UK Singles Chart 20
"Eye of the Beholder" UK Singles Chart 27
"One" Billboard Hot 100 35
UK Singles Chart 13


Since the beginning of the SoundScan era in 1991, ...And Justice for All has sold 5,330,000 copies.[25]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Finland (IFPI Finland)[26] Platinum 51,051[26]
Germany (BVMI)[27] Gold 250,000^
Norway (IFPI Norway)[28] Gold 25,000*
United States (RIAA)[29] 8× Platinum 8,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

In popular culture

The album's most famous song "One" was featured as a playable track in Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock as one of the most difficult songs to play. "One" was also included in the newer Guitar Hero: Metallica, along with "Dyers Eve" and "The Shortest Straw". Samples from the album are used in NHL games.[citation needed] The songs "...And Justice for All" and "Blackened" are available as downloadable songs for Rock Band 2. On the TV show Californication, the title of the Season 4 finale is named out of the album's title track.


  1. ^ a b "...And Justice For All". METALLICA.com. http://www.metallica.com/releases/and-justice-for-all.asp. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  2. ^ James Hetfield interview. VH1. Retrieved 2011-19-08.
  3. ^ a b c d ...And Justice For All booklet. Vertigo Records. 1988. 
  4. ^ "Harvester of Sorrow release date". Metallica.com. 1988-08-28. http://www.metallica.com/releases/harvester-of-sorrow.asp. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  5. ^ "Eye of the Beholder release date". Metallica.com. 1988-10-30. http://www.metallica.com/releases/eye-of-the-beholder.asp. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  6. ^ "One release date". Metallica.com. http://www.metallica.com/releases/one.asp. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Gold & Platinum". RIAA. http://riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=&title=And%20Justice%20for%20All&artist=Metallica&format=&debutLP=&category=&sex=&releaseDate=&requestNo=&type=&level=&label=&company=&certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=&aSex=&rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=&multiPlat=&level2=&certDate=&album=&id=&after=&before=&startMonth=1&endMonth=1&startYear=1958&endYear=2008&sort=Artist&perPage=25. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  8. ^ "Explore: Progressive Metal". AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:2952. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  9. ^ Classic Albums: Metallica - Metallica. Eagle Rock[[{{subst:DATE}}|{{subst:DATE}}]] [disambiguation needed ], 2001.
  10. ^ "...And Justice for All - Metallica". AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/and-justice-for-all-r12992. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  11. ^ By Michael Azerrad (1988-11-03). "And Justice For All by Metallica | Rolling Stone Music | Music Reviews". Rollingstone.com. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/and-justice-for-all-19881103. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  12. ^ "...And Justice For All". Billboard.com. Archived from the original on 2007-12-03. http://web.archive.org/web/20071203025203/http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/discography/index.jsp?pid=5199&aid=11548. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  13. ^ "Grammy's 10 Biggest Upsets". EW.com. 2007. http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,1567466_20010834_20010795_0,00.html. Retrieved February 13, 2007. 
  14. ^ "100 Greatest Guitar Solos". Guitar World, About.com. http://guitar.about.com/library/bl100greatest.htm. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "100 Greatest Guitar Albums". Guitar World. October 2006.  A copy can be found at "Guitar World's 100 Greatest Guitar Albums Of All Time - Rate Your Music". rateyourmusic.com. http://rateyourmusic.com/list/Boggs1027/guitar_worlds_100_greatest_guitar_albums_of_all_time. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  16. ^ http://music.ign.com/articles/755/755929p5.html
  17. ^ Rhodes, Al (21 January 1989). "Metallica '...And Justice for All'". Kerrang!. 222. London, UK: Spotlight Publications Ltd.. 
  18. ^ "Metallica Timeline September 1988". rockonthenet.com. http://www.rockonthenet.com/artists-m/metallica_main.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  19. ^ "The Black Album James, Kirk, Lars". metallicaworld.co.uk. http://www.metallicaworld.co.uk/Interviews/black_album_1991.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  20. ^ "Metlists, Inc. - One". metlists.com. http://metlists.com/songs/one.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  21. ^ "March 5th, 2004; The Forum, Inglewood, California, POR". livemetallica.com. http://www.livemetallica.com/live-music/0,3/Metallica-mp3-flac-download-3-5-2004-The-Forum-Los-Angeles-CA.html. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  22. ^ "June 28, 2007; Super Bock Super Rock Festival, Lisbon, POR". livemetallica.com. http://www.livemetallica.com/live-music/0,153/Metallica-mp3-flac-download-6-28-2007-Super-Bock-Super-Rock-Festival-Lisbon-POR.html. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  23. ^ "UK Top 40 Chart Archive, British Singles & Album ChartsSingles". everyHit.com. http://www.everyhit.com/. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  24. ^ Finnish Album Chart – Search. Retrieved on 2009-07-08. Archived 2009-07-20.
  25. ^ "METALLICA's 'Black' LP Is Top-Selling Album Of SOUNDSCAN Era". BlabberMouth. http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=132493&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blabbermouth+%28Blabbermouth.net%27s+Daily+Headlines%29. 
  26. ^ a b "Finnish album certifications – Metallica – ...And Justice for All" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. http://www.ifpi.fi/tilastot/artistit/Metallica. 
  27. ^ "German album certifications – Metallica – And Justice for All" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. http://www.musikindustrie.de/gold_platin_datenbank/?action=suche&strTitel=And+Justice+for+All&strInterpret=Metallica&strTtArt=alben&strAwards=checked. 
  28. ^ "Norwegian album certifications – Metallica – And Justice for All" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. http://www.ifpi.no/sok/lst_trofeer_sok.asp?type=artist. 
  29. ^ "American album certifications – Metallica – And Justice for All". Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?artist=%22And+Justice+for+All%22.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

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