Radical 194

Radical 194
Radical 194 (U+2FC1)
(U+9B3C) "ghost, demon"
Pinyin: guǐ
Bopomofo: ㄍㄨㄟˇ
Wade–Giles: kuei3
Jyutping: gwai2
Cantonese Yale: gwai2
Hiragana: キ, おに ki, oni
Kanji: 鬼 oni
鬼繞 kinyō
Hangul: 귀신 gwisin
Sino-Korean: 귀 gwi

Radical 194 ( Unicode U+9B3C, pinyin guǐ meaning "ghost or demon") is one of eight out of the total 214 Kangxi radicals written with ten strokes.

The character is historically composed of "legs", representing a large demon's head and a curl looking similar to taken to represent a swirl of vapour, or a demon's tail. The character can be traced to the oracle bone script, where it depicts a man kneeling on a monster head.

Most of the characters derived from the radical have meanings related to ghosts or souls, including "devil, demon", "black magic", "nightmare", "soul". In some signs, however, the radical is present purely as a phonetic marker, for example in , the State of Wei during the Three Kingdoms period.


Derived characters

seal script character

strokes characters
+04 鬾 鬿 魀 魁 魂
+05 魃 魄 魅 魆
+07 魈 魉
+08 魊 魋 魌 魍 魎 魏
+11 魑 魒 魓 魔
+12 魕 魖
+14 魗 魘 魙


  • Fazzioli, Edoardo. Chinese calligraphy : from pictograph to ideogram : the history of 214 essential Chinese/Japanese characters. calligraphy by Rebecca Hon Ko. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0896597741. 
  • Li, Leyi: “Tracing the Roots of Chinese Characters: 500 Cases”. Beijing 1993, ISBN 978-7561902042
  • Harbaugh, Rick, Chinese Characters: A Genealogy and Dictionary, Yale University Press (1998), ISBN 9780966075007.[1]
  • Childs-Johnson, Elizabeth (江伊莉), 甲骨文的“鬼”与假面具 (The Gui-Spirit in Oracle Bone Inscriptions), International Conference Celebrating the 95th Anniversary of the Discovery of Oracle Bone Inscriptions", Anyang, China, 1994.

See also

External links

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