- Tacoma, Washington
official_name = City of Tacoma
nickname = The City of Destiny
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Tacoma in
Pierce County and Washington State
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Pierce
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_km2 = 162.2
area_land_km2 = 129.7
area_water_km2 = 32.5
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 202700 (city proper)
population_density_km2 = 1538.3
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
area_code = 253
area_total_sq_mi = 62.6
area_land_sq_mi = 50.1
area_water_sq_mi = 12.5
elevation_m = 74
elevation_ft = 243
latd = 47 |latm = 14 |lats = 29 |latNS = N
longd = 122 |longm = 27 |longs = 34 |longEW = W
website = http://www.cityoftacoma.org/
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 53-70000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1512713GR|3
Tacoma (pronEng|təˈkoʊmə) is a mid-sized urban port city in and the
county seatof Pierce County, Washington, United States.GR|6 The city is on Washington's Puget Sound, convert|32|mi|km|lk=on southwest of Seattle, convert|31|mi|km northeast of the state capital, Olympia, and convert|58|mi|km northwest of Mount Rainier National Park. The population was 193,556 at the 2000 census and had a 2008 Washington State Office of Financial Management estimate of 202,700. Tacoma is the second-largest city in the Puget Sound area and the third largest in the state.
Tacoma adopted its name after the nearby
Mount Rainier, originally called Mount Tacoma or Mount Tahoma. It is known as the "City of Destiny" because the area was chosen to be the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroadin the late 1800s. The decision of the railroadwas influenced by Tacoma's neighboring Commencement Bay. By connecting the bay with the railroad Tacoma’s motto became “When rails meet sails.” Today Commencement Bay serves the Port of Tacoma, a center of international tradeon the Pacific Coast.
Like most central cities, Tacoma suffered a prolonged decline in the mid-20th century as a result of
suburbanization, divestment, and federal urban renewalprograms. Recently the city has been undergoing a renaissance, investing in the downtown core to establish the University of Washington, Tacoma; Tacoma Link, the first modern electric light railservice in the state; various art and history museums; and a restored inlet, the Thea Foss Waterway.
With a long history of blue-collar labor politics — from the railroad workers of the 1800s, to the
longshoremenof the 20th century, to the Labor Readyworkers of today — Tacoma has long been known for its rough, gritty image. [See, generally, cite web |url=http://blogs.thenewstribune.com/gritcity/ |accessdate=2008-04-22 |title=Grit City] [cite web |url=http://dwb.thenewstribune.com/business/columnists/voelpel/story/6149745p-5382412c.html |quote=That sounds slightly absurd for a city with an aromatic past, multiple entries still on the federal government’s list of the most polluted locations and the embraceable nickname Grit City. |last=Voelpel |first=Dan |title=We can leave gritty behind and go green|accessdate=2008-04-22 |date=2006-10-08] Tacoma-Pierce County has been named one of the most livable areas in the country. [cite web |url=http://www.mostlivable.org/cities/tacoma/home.html |title=Mostlivable.orgDead link|url=http://www.mostlivable.org/cities/tacoma/home.html|date=March 2008] Tacoma was also recently listed as the 19th most walkable city in the country. [cite web |url=http://www.prevention.com/cda/article/100-best-walking-cities/1ba0d08f88803110VgnVCM20000012281eac____/fitness/walking/getting.started?print=true |title=100 Best Walking Cities |work=Prevention.com |accessdate=2008-03-27 |date=2006-03-09] In contrast, the city is also ranked as the most stressed-out city in the country in a 2004 survey. [cite web |url=http://www.cnn.com/2004/US/West/01/10/life.stress.reut |title=Tacoma ranks as most stressful U.S. city |date=2004-01-10 |accessdate=2008-03-27 |work=CNN.com |author= Reuters] However, in 2006, women's magazine Self named Tacoma the "Most Sexually Healthy City" in the United States.Fact|date=March 2008 [ [http://www.soundpolitics.com/archives/007548.html Sound Politics: Garbage In, Garbage Out ] ]
Tacoma was inhabited for thousands of years by American Indians, predominantly the Puyallup people, who lived in settlements on the delta of the
Puyallup Riverand called the area Squa-szucks. It was visited by European and American explorers, including George Vancouverand Charles Wilkes, who named many of the coastal landmarks.
In 1852 a Swede named Nicolas Delin constructed a sawmill powered by water on a creek near the head of Commencement Bay, but the small settlement that grew up around it was abandoned during the Indian War of 1855-1856. In 1864, pioneer and postmaster
Job Carr, a Civil War veteran and land speculator who hoped to profit from the selection of Commencement Bay as the terminus of the Transcontinental Railroad, built a cabin (a replica of Job Carr's cabin, which also served as Tacoma's first post office, was erected in "Old Town" in 2000 near the original site), and later sold most of his claim to developer Morton McCarver(1807-1875), who named his project Tacoma City. The name derived from the indigenous name for Mount Rainier, deriving from the Puyallup "tacobet", "mother of waters".
Tacoma was incorporated on
November 12, 1875. Its hopes to be the "City of Destiny" were stimulated by selection in 1873 as the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad, thanks to lobbying by McCarver and others. The transcontinental link was effected in 1887, but the railroad built its depot on "New Tacoma", two miles (3km) south of the Carr-McCarver development. The two communities grew together and joined. The population grew from 1,098 in 1880 to 36,006 in 1890. Rudyard Kiplingvisited Tacoma in 1889 and said it was "literally staggering under a boom of the boomiest". [cite book |first=Caroline Denyer |last=Gallacci |title=The City of Destiny and the South Sound: An Illustrated History of Tacoma and Pierce County |location=Carlsbad, CA |publisher=Heritage Media Corp |year=2001 |pages=49] George Francis Trainwas a resident for a few years in the late 1800s. In 1880, he staged a global circumnavigation starting and ending in Tacoma to promote the city. A plaque in downtown Tacoma marks the start/finish line.
What came to be known as "Tacoma method" was used in November 1885 to expel several thousand Chinese peaceably living in the city. As described by the account prepared by the Chinese Reconciliation Project, on the morning of
November 3, 1885, "several hundred men, led by the mayor and other city officials, evicted the Chinese from their homes, corralled them at 7th Street and Pacific Avenue, marched them to the railway station at Lakeview and forced them aboard the morning train to Portland, Oregon. The next day two Chinese settlements were burned to the ground."
The discovery of gold in the
Klondikein 1898 led Tacoma's prominence in the region to be eclipsed by the booming development of Seattle.
During a 30-day power shortage in the winter of 1929/1930, Tacoma was provided with electricity from the engines of the aircraft carrier USS "Lexington".
In 1935 Tacoma received national attention when
George Weyerhaeuser, nine-year-old son of prominent lumber industry executive J.P. Weyerhaeuser, was kidnapped [cite web |url=http://www.fbi.gov/libref/historic/famcases/weyer/weyer.htm |title=Famous Cases: The Weyerhaeuser Kidnapping |work=Federal Bureau of Investigation |accessdate=2008-03-27] while walking home from school. FBI agents from Portland handled the case, in which payment of a ransom of $200,000 secured release of the victim. Four persons were apprehended and convicted. The last to be released was paroled from McNeil Islandin 1963; George Weyerhaeuser went on to become chairman of the Board of the Weyerhaeuser Company.
In 1951, an investigation by a state legislative committee revealed widespread corruption in Tacoma's government, which had been organized commission-style since 1910. Voters approved a mayor/city-manager system in 1952.
Tacoma featured prominently in the
garage rocksound of the mid-1960s with bands including The Wailers and The Sonics; the surf rockband The Ventureswere also from Tacoma.
The first local referendums in the U.S. on computerized voting occurred in Tacoma in 1982 and 1987. On both occasions, voters rejected 3-1 the computer voting systems that local officials sought to purchase. The campaigns, organized by
Eleanora Ballasiotes, a conservative Republican, focused on the vulnerabilities of computers to fraud. [cite news |first=Ronnie |last=Dugger |title=Counting Votes |work=New Yorker |date=1988-11-07]
In 1998, Tacoma installed a high-speed fiber optic network throughout the community. The municipally owned power company wired the city of 187,000 people, making Tacoma America's #1 wired city.
Tacoma struggled with crime in its Hilltop neighborhood in the 1980s and early 1990s. [cite news |title=Off-Duty Soldiers Trade Gunfire At a House Linked to Drug Sales |work=The New York Times |date=1989-09-27 |pages=A23] The problems have declined in recent years as neighborhoods have enacted community policing and other policies. Mayor
Bill Baarsmais a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition, [cite web| url=http://www.mayorsagainstillegalguns.org/html/about/members.shtml| title=Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members |accessdate=2008-03-27] a bi-partisangroup with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The coalition is co-chaired by BostonMayor Thomas Meninoand New York CityMayor Michael Bloomberg.
April 26, 2003, Tacoma's chief of police David Brameshot his wife and then killed himself in Gig Harbor, Washington. His wife died from injuries a few days later. [cite web |url=http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/projects/david_brame |title=Coverage of the [Brame tragedy] , including audio of 911 calls and dozens of news articles |work=The News Tribune |accessdate=2008-03-27]
In 2004, Tacoma was ranked among the top 30 Most Livable Communities in 2004, in an annual survey conducted by the Partners for Livable Communities.Fact|date=March 2008
Beginning in the early 1990s, Tacoma has taken steps to revitalize itself and its image, especially downtown.
University of Washingtonestablished a branch campus in Tacoma in 1990. The same year, Union Station (Tacoma)was restored.The Museum of Glassopened in downtown Tacoma in 2002, showing glassart from the region and around the world. It includes a glassblowing studio.
Tacoma's downtown Cultural District is the site of the
Washington State History Museum(1996) and the Tacoma Art Museum(2003). America's Car Museumis currently breaking ground in Tacoma. The glass and steel Greater Tacoma Convention and Trade Centeropened in November 2004. [ [http://www.gtctc.org Greater Tacoma Convention and Trade Center] ] Failed verification|date=March 2008
Downtown Tacoma has a thriving Theatre District, anchored by the 89-year-old Pantages Theater. The
Broadway Center for the Performing Arts[ [http://www.broadwaycenter.org Broadway Center For the Performing Arts ] ] manages the Pantages, the Rialto Theater, and the Theatre on the Square. Other attractions include the Grand Cinema and the Temple Theatre.
The area around the Theatre District is the center of Tacoma's lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender culture. Three of the city's gay bars are here as well as the
Rainbow Center. [http://www.rainbowcntr.org]
Tacoma is at coor dms|47|14|29|N|122|27|34|W|city (47.241371, -122.459389).GR|1 Its elevation is convert|116|m|ft|lk=on.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has convert|62.6|sqmi|km2|1|lk=on. convert|50.1|sqmi|km2|1 is land and convert|12.5|sqmi|km2|1 water. The total area is 20.01% water.
Tacoma has its feet in Commencement Bay, with several cities surrounding it. Large portions of Tacoma have excellent views of Mt. Rainier.
The city is near several military installations, including
Fort Lewisand McChord Air Force Base.
estimate=201700As of the census of 2000,GR|2 there were 193,556 people, 76,152 households, and 45,919 families residing in the city. The
population densitywas 3,864.9 people per square mile (1,492.3/km²). There were 81,102 housing units at an average density of 1,619.4/sq mi (625.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.25% White, 12.17% African American, 2.01% Native American, 8.23% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 3.02% from other races, and 6.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.11% of the population. 13.2% were of German, 7.7% Irish, 6.8% English, 5.5% Norwegian and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 83.9% spoke English, 4.9% Spanish, 1.8% Korean, 1.7% Mon-Khmeror Cambodian, 1.7% Vietnamese and 1.2% German as their first language.
There were 76,152 households in Tacoma in 2000; 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. Almost one third of households (31.7%) were made up of individuals living alone; 10.4% of these were 65 years of age or older. The average household size in 2000 was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,879, and the median income for a family was $45,567. Males had a median income of $35,820, versus $27,697 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $19,130. About 11.4% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under the age of 18 and 10.9% of those 65 and older.
Four years later, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Tacoma's population had increased by 1.7%, to 196,800 ("Trends", No. D3 [September 2004] )
The government of the City of Tacoma operates under a council-manager system. The city council consists of an elected Mayor (
Bill Baarsma) and eight elected council members, five from individual city council districts and three others from the city at-large. All serve four-year terms and are elected in odd-numbered years. The council adopts and amends city laws, approves a two-year budget, establishes city policy, appoints citizens to boards and commissions, and performs other actions. The council also meets in "standing committees", which break down the council's work into more defined areas, such as "Environment & Public Works", "Neighborhoods & Housing", and "Public Safety & Human Services". The council meets as a whole most Tuesdays at 5:00 p.m. in the Council Chambers at 747 Market St. Most meetings are open to the public and provide for public input.
Normal day-to-day operations of the city government are administered by the city manager, Eric Anderson, who is appointed by the city council. [cite web |url=http://www.cityoftacoma.org/Page.aspx?nid=54 |title=City of Tacoma - City Council |accessdate=2008-03-27 |work=CityOfTacoma.org] Failed verification|date=March 2008
Commerce and industry
Commencement Bay, is one of the largest seaports in the Pacific Northwest]
Tacoma is the home of several international companies, such as
Russell Investmentsand Labor Ready, Inc.(now named True Blue Inc.)
Beginning in the 1930s, Tacoma became known for the "Tacoma Aroma", a distinctive, acrid odor produced by
papermanufacturing on the industrial tide flats. In the late 1990s, Simpson Tacoma Kraft reduced total sulfur emissions by 90%. This largely eliminated the problem; where once the aromawas ever-present, it is now only noticeable occasionally, primarily when the wind is coming from the east. U.S. Oil and Refiningoperates an oil refineryon the tide flats in the Port of Tacoma. Built in Tacoma in 1952, it currently refines 39,000 barrelsof petroleum per day.
Tacoma Mallis the largest shopping center in Tacoma. It is owned by Simon Property Group. Anchor tenants include JC Penney, Sears, Macy's, and Nordstrom.
= Urban form and transport = Tacoma's system of transportation is based primarily on the
automobile. The majority of the city has a system of gridded streets oriented in relation to A Street (one block east of Pacific Avenue) and Sixth Avenue, both beginning in downtown Tacoma. Within the city, numbered streets run east to west and are labeled "North" or "South" according to their relationship with Sixth Avenue or Division Street. (West of Division, Sixth Avenue is the lowest-numbered street.) North- and south-running streets are given a name or a letter, and are also labeled "North" or "South" in relation to Sixth Avenue. This can lead to confusion, as many named streets intersect streets of the same number in both North and South Tacoma. For example, the intersection of South 11th Street and Union Avenue is just ten blocks south of North 11th Street and Union Avenue. To the east of the Thea Foss waterway and A Street, streets are similarly divided into "East" and "Northeast", with 0 Street East being equivalent to the Pierce-King line. "Northeast" covers a small wedge of Tacoma and unincorporated Pierce County lying on the hill across the tideflats from downtown. This numeric system extends to the furthest reaches of Pierce County, except for the Key Peninsula, which retains the north-south streets but chooses the Pierce-Kitsap line as the zero point for east-west streets. In portions of the city dating back to the Tacoma Streetcar Period (1888-1938), denser mixed use business districts exist alongside single family homes. Twelve such districts have active, city-recognized business associations and hold "small town"-style parades and other festivals. The Proctor, Old Town, Dome, Sixth Avenue, Stadium and Lincoln Business Districts are some of the more prominent and popular of these and coordinate their efforts to redevelop urban villages through the [http://www.tacomabusinessdistricts.com Cross District Association of Tacoma] . In newer portions of the city to the west and south, residential cul-de-sacs, four-lane collector roads and indoor shopping centers are more commonplace. The dominant intercity transportation link between Tacoma and other parts of the Puget Sound is Interstate 5, which links Tacoma with Seattleto the north and Portland, Oregon, to the south. State Route 16 runs along a concrete viaduct through Tacoma's Nalley Valley, connecting Interstate 5 with Central and West Tacoma, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, and the Kitsap Peninsula. Seattle-Tacoma International Airportlies convert|22|mi|km north, in the city of SeaTac.
Tacoma's alternative transportation services include buses, commuter rail,
light rail, and ferries. Public bus service is provided by Pierce Transit, which serves Tacoma and Pierce County. Pierce Transit operates a total of 55 bus routes on buses powered by natural gas. Most bus service operates at 30 minute frequencies on weekdays, some routes once an hour, while three heavily-ridden "trunk" routes are served every 15 minutes on weekdays and every half hour on weekends. Sound Transit, the regional transit authority, provides weekday peak-direction Sounder Commuter Railservice and express bus service to and from Seattle seven days a week. (Service to and from Olympia is serviced by Pierce and Intercity Transit.) Sound Transit has also established Tacoma Link light rail, a 2.5 km (1.6-mile) free electric streetcar line linking Tacoma DomeStation with the University of Washington, Tacoma, Tacoma's Museum District, and the Theater District. Expansion of the city's rail transit system (either in the form of electric streetcars or light rail) is under consideration by the city of Tacoma and Pierce Transit, and is supported by a local grassroots organization, Tacoma Streetcar.
Intercity rail transportation
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Tacoma. Amtrak train 11, the southbound Coast Starlight, is scheduled to depart Tacoma at 10:31am with service to Olympia-Lacey, Portland, Sacramento, Emeryville, California(with bus connection to San Francisco), and Los Angeles. Amtrak train 14, the northbound Coast Starlight, is scheduled to depart Tacoma at 7:11pm daily with service to Seattle. Amtrak Cascades trains, operating as far north as Vancouver and as far south as Eugene, Oregon, serve Tacoma several times daily in both directions.
Tacoma’s relationship with
public utilitiesextends back to 1893. At that time the city was undergoing a boom in population, causing it to exceed the available amount of fresh water supplied by Charles Wright’s Tacoma Light & Water Company. In response to both this demand and a growing desire to have local public control over the utility system, the city council put up a public vote to acquire and expand the private utility. The measure passed on July 1, 1893, with 3,195 in favor of acquiring the utility system and 1,956 voting against. Since then, Tacoma Public Utilities(TPU) has grown from a small water and light utility to be the largest department in the city’s government, employing about 1,200 people. Tacoma Power, a division of TPU, provides residents of Tacoma and several bordering municipalities with electrical power generated by eight hydroelectric dams located on the Skokomish Riverand elsewhere. Environmentalists, fishermen, and the Skokomish Indian Tribe have criticized TPU's operation of Cushman Dam on the North Fork of the Skokomish River; the tribe's $6 billion claim [cite web |url=http://www.fwee.org/news/getStory?story=1453 |title=Court Ends Fight Over Dams |work=Foundation for Water and Energy Education, quoting The News Tribune |accessdate=2008-03-27 |date=2006-01-12 |first=Chris |last=Sherman] was denied by the U.S. Supreme court [cite web |url=http://www.supremecourtus.gov/docket/05-434.htm |title=Docket for 05-434Dead link|url=http://www.supremecourtus.gov/docket/05-434.htm |date=March 2008] in January 2006. The capacity of Tacoma’s hydroelectricsystem as of 2004 was 713,000 kilowatts, or about 50% of the demand made up by TPU’s customers (the rest is purchased from other utilities). According to TPU, hydroelectricity provides about 87% of Tacoma’s power; coal 3%; natural gas 1%; nuclear 9%; and biomass and wind at less than 1%. Tacoma Power also operates the Click! Network, a municipally-owned cable television and internet service. The residential cost per kilowatt hour of electricity is just over 6 cents.
Tacoma Water provides customers in its service area with water from the Green River Watershed. As of 2004, Tacoma Water provided water services to 93,903 customers. The average annual cost for residential supply was $257.84.
Tacoma Rail, initially a municipally owned street railway line running to the tideflats, was converted to a common-carrier rail switching utility. Tacoma Rail is self-supporting and employs over 90 people.
In addition to municipal garbage collection, Tacoma offers commingled
recyclingservices for paper, cardboard, plastics, and metals.
Point Defiance Park, one of the largest urban parks in the country, is located in Tacoma. Scenic Five Mile Drive allows access to many of the park's attractions, such as Owen Beach, Camp Six, Fort Nisqually, and the Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium. There are many historic structures within the park, such as the pagoda near the park's entrance.
Another large park in Tacoma is Wapato Park, which has a lake and walking trails that circle the lake. Wapato is located in the south end of Tacoma, at Sheridan and 72nd St.
Titlow Beach, located at the end of 6th Avenue, is a popular scuba divingarea.
Wright Park, located near downtown, is a large, English-style park designed in the late 1800s by
E.O. Schwagerland Ebenezer Rhys Roberts. It contains Wright Park Arboretumand the W. W. Seymour Botanical Conservatory.
Frost Park in downtown Tacoma is often utilized for sidewalk chalk contests.
Engine House No. 9 is a
fire stationbuilt in 1907. The building was placed on the National Register of Historic Placesin 1975. Currently, the building houses a pubwhich brews its own beer. Stadium High School, part of the Tacoma School District and setting for the movie " 10 Things I Hate About You" starring Heath Ledger.
Fireboat No. 1 was built in 1929 for the Port of Tacoma by the Coastline Shipbuilding Company. After 54 years of service in
waterfrontfire protection, harborsecurity patrols, search and rescuemissions, and water pollutioncontrol, "Fireboat No. 1" was put up on a permanent dry berth at a public beach near Tacoma’s Old Town neighborhood. She is one of only five fireboats designated as a National Historic Landmark. Visitors are able to walk around her exterior, but her interior is closed to the public. William Ross Rust House- Colonial / Classic Revival (1905) - Ambrose J. Russell (Architect), Charles Miller (Contractor) Murray Morgan Bridge- 1911 steel lift bridge across the Thea Foss Waterway
Tacoma's main public school district is
Tacoma Public Schools. The district contains 36 elementary schools, eleven middle schools, five high schools, one alternative high school, and one school of the arts (SOTA). Henry Foss High Schooloperates an International Baccalaureate program. Sheridan Elementary School operates three foreign language immersion programs (Spanish, French, and Japanese). Mount Tahoma High Schoolopened a brand new building in South Tacoma in the fall of 2004. Stadium High Schooland Wilson High School were remodeled/refurbished and reopened in September 2006. Lincoln High School reopened in the fall of 2007 after a $75 million renovation and expansion. [cite web |url=http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/columnists/callaghan/story/27561.html |title=History intact at renovated Lincoln High |work=The News Tribune |date=2007-03-22 |accessdate=2008-03-27] [cite web |url=http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/local/story/157162.html |title=It's awesome, say Abes |work=The News Tribune |date=2007-09-16Dead link|url=http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/local/story/157162.html|date=March 2008]
Private schools in the area include the
Annie Wright Schooland Bellarmine Preparatory School.
Tacoma's institutions of higher learning include the
University of Puget Sound, Tacoma Community College, Bates Technical College, The Evergreen State CollegeTacoma Campus, Northwest Baptist Seminary, and University of Washington Tacoma. Pacific Lutheran Universityis located in Parkland, just south of the city; nearby Lakewood is the home of Clover Park Technical Collegeand Pierce College.
Museum of Glassboasts an iconic structure standing near the Thea Foss Waterway; the steel cone of the hot shop is arguably the most recognizable structure in the city.
Tacoma Operastages several productions a year at the Pantages Theatre and other locations around the city.
farmers' marketruns every May through September, every Thursday, in the Theatre District.
The city's major daily
newspaperis " The News Tribune", a subsidiary of McClatchy Newspaperssince 1986. Its circulation is about 128,000 (144,000 on Sundays), making it the third-largest newspaper in the state of Washington. A daily newspaper has been in circulation in Tacoma since 1883. Between 1907 and 1918, three dailies were published: "The Tacoma Ledger", "The News", and "The Tacoma Tribune".
Local papers include the "
Tacoma Weekly", the " Tacoma Daily Index" and the South Sound alternative newsweekly " Weekly Volcano".
Professional sports teams
"Club" "Sport" "Founded" "League" "Venue" Tacoma Rainiers Baseball 1960 Pacific Coast League Cheney Stadium Tacoma Jazz Basketball 2005 International Basketball League Tacoma Dome Tacoma Tide Soccer 2006 USL Premier Development League Curtis Senior High School
The city has struggled to keep a minor league hockey franchise. The
Tacoma Rocketsof the WHL were lost to relocation and moved to Kelowna, British Columbia. The Tacoma Sabercats of the former West Coast Hockey Leagueclosed due to financial woes. The Tacoma Domestill hosts traveling sports and other events, such as pro wrestling, figure skating tours, and the Harlem Globetrotters. At one point, the Tacoma Dome was home to a professional indoor soccerteam, the Tacoma Stars. For the 1994-1995 season, the Seattle SuperSonicsplayed in the Tacoma Dome while the Seattle Center Coliseumwas renovated (and renamed Key Arena). The Tacoma Dome also hosted the 1988 and 1989 Women's NCAA Final Four. In 2007, the Tacoma Dome will host four home games of the Tacoma Jazz, who recently replaced the Tacoma Jetson the IBL schedule.
Tacoma has been the home to many athletes, artists, and performers. See and .
Tacoma was 36th in “50 Smart Places to Live,” a ranking by "
Kiplinger's Personal Finance" (2006) Toyotanamed a popular line of pickup trucks the Toyota Tacomaafter the city. Richard Brautiganwrote of his Tacoma childhood in his autobiographical short stories "Corporal," "The Armoured Car," "The Auction," and "The Ghost Children of Tacoma," as well as his last finished novel " So The Wind Won't Blow It All Away". Neko Case's '"Thrice All American" (on the album " Furnace Room Lullaby") is an ode to Tacoma, which she considers her hometown. Tacoma is also the subject of the Jason Webleysong "How Big Is Tacoma?" and Girl Trouble's "My Hometown".
**Hilltop (shared with Downtown)
**The McCarver Neighborhood (shared with New Tacoma/Downtown)
***St. Helens Neighborhood
***Central Business District
***The McCarver Neighborhood (shared with Central Tacoma/Hilltop)
***Stadium District (shared with North Tacoma)
Port of Tacoma
**Ruston (separately incorporated)
**Stadium District (shared with Downtown)
**Westgate (shared with West Tacoma)
**Browns Point (unincorporated)
**Lincoln International District
**Westgate (shared with North Tacoma)
Tacoma has ten sister cities [cite web|url=http://www.tacomaculture.org/international/sistercities.asp |title=International programs - Sister Cities |work=TacomaCulture.com |publisher=City of Tacoma |accessdate=2008-07-23]
*flagicon|South Africa George (
Gunsan( South Korea)
Kiryat Motzkin( Israel)
Tacoma Public Library
* [http://www.cityoftacoma.org/ Official site of City of Tacoma]
* [http://www.portoftacoma.com/ Port of Tacoma]
* [http://www.tacomachamber.org/ Tacoma-Pierce County Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5055 "Tacoma -- Thumbnail History," Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History]
* [http://www.traveltacoma.com/ Tacoma Regional Convention and Visitor Bureau]
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Tacoma (Washington) — Die Einzelnachweise und die dort enthaltenen Weblinks bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Tacoma … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tacoma (Washington) — Este artículo trata sobre la ciudad en el estado de Washington, EEUU. Para la clase de buques (fragatas) nombrada en honor de esta ciudad, véase Clase Tacoma. Tacoma Ciudad de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Tacoma (Washington) — Tacoma Tacoma Surnom : The City of Destiny (La cité du destin) Pays … Wikipédia en Français
North Tacoma, Tacoma, Washington — North Tacoma may also refer to the purported toponym of Springfield (The Simpsons)#Location in The Simpsons. A residential neighborhood of North Tacoma North Tacoma (also called the North End) is a neighborhood in Tacoma, Washington, in the… … Wikipedia
Downtown, Tacoma, Washington — Downtown Tacoma is located primarily between Pacific Avenue and St. Helens, in the inner Northeast section of Tacoma. The center of downtown is the intersection of 9th and Broadway. The city holiday tree is located here as well. Contents 1… … Wikipedia
North Slope, Tacoma, Washington — Houses on North Slope. The North Slope is a neighborhood of the north end of Tacoma, Washington, located south of Yakima Hill. Although there is no truly defined boundary for the North Slope, and it often bleeds over into Yakima Hill under some… … Wikipedia
Nihon Go Gakko (Tacoma, Washington) — Nihon Go Gakko U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Woodrow Wilson High School (Tacoma, Washington) — Infobox Secondary school name = Woodrow Wilson High School motto = Developing Confident, Contributing Citizens established = 1958 type = Public secondary grades = 9 12 principal = Dan Besett faculty = students = mascot = Rams colors = Red, White … Wikipedia
Northeast Tacoma, Tacoma, Washington — Northeast Tacoma AKA The NET is a neighborhood in Tacoma, Washington. The generally accepted borders of Northeast Tacoma are the Port of Tacoma to the southwest, the unincorporated Fife Heights area to the southeast, the end of incorporated… … Wikipedia
McCarver Neighborhood, Tacoma, Washington — The McCarver Neighborhood is located in Tacoma, Washington. It is an urban neighborhood located in the Downtown and the Hilltop area of Tacoma. Description The neighborhood is named after McCarver Elementary School, which was the first magnet… … Wikipedia