- Club América
América Full name Club de Fútbol América S.A. de C.V Nickname(s) Las Águilas (The Eagles),
Azulcremas (Blue Creams),
Founded October 12, 1916 Ground Estadio Azteca
Owner Emilio Azcárraga Jean President Vacant Manager Alfredo Tena League Primera División 2011 Apertura 17th place Website Club home pageHome coloursAway colours Current season
Club América is a Mexican Professional football club based in Mexico City. It competes in the Primera División, the top professional league in the country. The team's nickname is Las Águilas (Spanish: The Eagles).
América was founded on October 12, 1916, and is one of three football clubs owned by Televisa (along with Club San Luis and Club Necaxa). The club has a long standing rivalry with Club Deportivo Guadalajara, as both are the most successful and most popular clubs in Mexico. Matches between them are known as El Súper Clásico. The team plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca.
América is one of the most successful clubs in Mexico. Domestically, the club has ten national titles, which places it second overall. Besides not having the most domestic championships, América have eight FIFA recognized international club trophies, the most for a club from Mexico and the CONCACAF region. They have won five CONCACAF Champions' Cups, two Copa Interamericana cups, and one CONCACAF Giants Cup, tying them with Bayern Munich, Olimpia, and Étoile du Sahel.
In 2010, The IFFHS named América "Central and North American club of the 1st Decade of the 21st Century".
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Rivalries
- 4 Personnel
- 5 Players
- 6 Notable players
- 7 Records
- 8 Managers
- 9 Presidents
- 10 Honours
- 11 International competitions
- 12 References
- 13 External links
By 1916, soccer/futbol was already a popular sport in Mexico, particularly amongst college students in Mexico City. College students from Colegio Mascarones and Colegio Marista De La Perpetua formed two football teams with the names Récord and Colón. On October 12, 1916, the two squads decided to join to make a more competitive squad. Many names were considered for this new squad, but finally, Pedro "Cheto" Quintanilla, one of the players, suggested América since they had formed the team on Columbus Day (Día del descubrimiento de América). The players agreed and soon designed a crest which had the map of America with a 'C' for Club and an 'A' for América on each side. After they had created their logo, the players had to decide on their team colours. Rafael Garza Gutiérrez went to get some of his father's navy blue trousers and a yellow shirt and it was decided amongst the group that those would be the club's colours.
In the year 1916, Club América had to prove itself in order to be accepted into the Mexican Football League, which primarily consisted of foreign players. At the time, América was the only team in Mexico City with an all-Mexican club. Necaxa, Atlante, Real España, Germania, and Asturias were already members of the Liga Mayor De La Ciudad. América's acceptance into the league depended on 3 games. In order to be accepted, América could not lose any of the three games. To the surprise of many, América won two games and tied the third. América was accepted as a result and formed part of the league.
In 1918, the team changed its name to due to bad results with the original name. The new name didn’t fare too well either and was changed back to América in 1920. From 1924 to 1928, América was crowned league champion and was able to attract impressive crowds. In 1926, América became the first Mexican club to play outside of Mexico. Aside from broadening their horizons, Club América along with Atlante petitioned to reduce the number of foreign players in the league. Shortly after the Mexican Football Federation was formed in 1928, Rafael Garza Gutiérrez, América's founder, was designated as the National Team head coach. Most of the Mexican national team that participated in the 1928 Olympics and 1930 World Cup were players that played for América.
1940s Mexican League beginnings
Up until 1942, every league in Mexico was considered a regional league even though the league in Mexico City was considered the strongest of them all. In 1942–43, the first National League was established and it was known as the Liga Mayor (Major League). Club América wasn't the team it had been during the 1920s on through the early 1930s. Aging players, lack of resources, and lack of interest took its toll on the club which led the team to become a bottom feeder for much of the beginning stages of the professional era7.
In 1956, the club was sold to soft drink manufacturer Jarritos. The new owner was trying to build upon the club's National Cup titles in 1954 and 1955 against Guadalajara, their soon to be rival. To the dismay of many, the owner failed to build upon the previous success and on July 22, 1959, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo, owner of Telesistema Mexicano (Televisa), bought América from Isaac Bessudo. It is said in Mexico that the club was founded in 1916, but reborn in 1959, with the vision and values that were set forth by the son of Televisa's founder, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo. The vision he embarked upon was to convert football into a form of entertainment for the masses. Following the acquisition, Azcárraga told his players, "I do not know much about football, but I do know a lot about business, and this, gentlemen, will be a business7".
The team saw quick successes as a result of the good actions that Cañedo managed to take as the new owner. On April 21, 1964 at the Estadio Universitario de San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, the team, now coached by Don Alejandro Scopelli beat the Monterrey 6–5 in the championship match of the Copa México. During that evening, Alfonso Portugal had a memorable game scoring 5 of the 6 goals for América; José “Pepín” González scored the other goal to get the championship. In 1965, América again reigned the Mexican "Copa", beating the "Canarios" Morelia 4–0, on March 7 at the Olympic Stadium in Ciudad Universitaria. Goals were scored by Javier “Chalo” Fragoso and Vavá, each one scoring a pair.
It was obvious to Emilio Azcárraga that football in Mexico needed an antagonist. The new owner strived to be the villain. Soon after, the club started to spend obscene amounts of money in acquiring foreign talents, which offended fans. Emilio Azcárraga hired the Mexican League's most successful football executive of that time, Guillermo Cañedo, as President. Ignacio Trelles was hired as head coach. It was then that Emilio Azcárraga revolutionized the game of football in Mexico. He laid down a foundation for the club's future by investing in scouting, player development, infrastructure, and merchandising7. He marketed his team both at the national and international level which allowed the club to enjoy financial growth. Under Azcárraga, the team has won 10 League championships, the first being the 1965–1966 season.
1978 First Copa Interamericana
In 1978, América participated in their first Copa Interamericana, playing against Boca Juniors. América would win the championship by a score of 1–0, with a last second free-kick goal by Chilean player Carlos Reinoso. That match would become one of the most famous in history for the club, the competition, and the Estadio Azteca. América would become the first team from Mexico and from the CONCACAF region to win the competition.
1980s The golden age 1983–1991
During the 1980s America was an unforgettable team. They were always considered a favorite to win the championship in any tournament they participated in. They won the league five times, including three consecutive titles: the 1983–84 season, the 1984–85 season, the Prode 1985, the 1987–88 and the 1988–89 season. They also won the Mexican Super Cup twice, in 1987–88 and 1988–89. And they won the 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup. During this era America was nicknamed Super Águilas as they won five league championships, three of which were against their archrivals (Chivas, Cruz Azul, and Pumas). Yet, after being Mexico's Team of the decade, it also became the most hated during this season. Fans who opposed Club America during the 1980s were clearly opposing the rules that were being bent favoring America. For instance, the 1985 season was the shortest in history due to the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. The terrible refereeing in the 1987–88 final against Pumas favored America even though Pumas won 1–0. The fans of América replied to this hatred by creating the slogan which in Spanish it became known as: "Odiame mas", which in English translates into "Hate Me Some More" or simply "Hate Me even More".
1990s A decade to forget
The 1990s would be a decade to forget for fans of the yellow clad warriors, with nothing to show for except a CONCACAF Cup in 1990, an Interamericana Cup Championship in 1993, and a CONCACAF Cup Championship in 1992. Years came and went with Televisa spending exorbitant amounts of money on both Mexican and South American players. There were even a few European and African players, as well. This was done with a view to returning the club to its former glory. As it turned out, it was as nothing more than currency that was not well spent, to say the least. Internationally renowned coaches and executives were also brought to the team. This, too, produced no results which just added to the team's woes. The only bright spots of the decade were the appearance of new young stars who were developed in the club's youth squad. These included players like Cuauhtémoc Blanco and Germán Villa that would be instrumental to the team's success later on.
2000s A new century
The new millennium brought renewed hope for Club América's fans, who would be rewarded quickly, with a CONCACAF Giants cup in 2001, the first League championship in 13 years in the summer of 2002, and the team's tenth overall league title in 2005.
In 2006, América qualified for the FIFA Club World Cup. In this tournament, América won its first match against the Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (Korea). América went on to lose the next match against FC Barcelona (Spain). It ended its participation in the tournament, losing the 3rd place spot to Al-Ahly (Egypt). They finished 4th in the 2006 edition of the FIFA Club World Cup.
After a poor performance in the 2006 FIFA Club World Cup, América started the Clausura 2007 off on a slow start, but quickly recovered and qualified for the playoffs, beating Atlas and Chivas in the quarter and semi-finals. They played the finals against CF Pachuca, finishing runner-ups.
América would then participate in the inaugural SuperLiga championship, being eliminated in the group stages with a record of one match won, and two lost.
For the Apertura 2007, after the signings of Argentinians Federico Insua and Lucas Castroman, and Uruguayan forward Hernan Rodrigo Lopez, América looked like a strong favorite to win the title. After starting off the season on a poor run, coach Luis Fernando Tena was sacked as coach, and the job was given to América legend Daniel Brailovsky. They finished the tournament third in their group and sixth in the standings, they played Morelia for the last spot in the playoffs, being beaten 3–0 in the first leg, and winning 1–0 in the second leg. With this, América was eliminated from the competition.
América also participated in the 2007 Copa Sudamericana, reaching the finals to play against Arsenal de Sarandi of Argentina. They would lose the first leg at the Estadio Azteca 3–2, and win 2–1 in Argentina. The aggragate result was 4–4, but due to the away-goal difference, Arsenal won the championship.
Although 2007 was a bad year for "Las Aguilas", they managed to stay withtin the Top 20 in the IFFHS's Club World Ranking.
The Clausura 2008 saw América end in last place in the general standings. This had not been seen since the mid 1950s. In the first 5 months of 2008, América was showered with 12 defeats, 2 draws and 3 victories, along with three straight championships without qualifying for the playoffs. The coach at the time was Ruben Omar Romano, who was one of the least successful coaches the club has ever had. Ironically, after being replaced by Juan Antonio Luna, América got their third victory of the Clausura over Monterrey 1–0. Then América played well in the Copa Libertadores, beating Brazilian side Flamengo 3–0, thus advancing to the quarter-finals. They were later eliminated from the tournament in the semi-finals.
2010's A new decade
For the Apertura 2010 América brought back former manager Manuel Lapuente. The return of Vicente Matias Vuoso to the club and the signing of Uruguayan Vicente Sanchez gave América one of the most dangerous front lines in all of the league. They played several pre-season friendlies against Mexican and European clubs, including a 1–1 draw (4–1 loss in penalty kicks) with English club Manchester City and a 3–2 loss to Spanish side Real Madrid.
América finished the season in first place of Group 2, and fourth in the general table, with 27 points. With this, they would advance to the playoffs, and automatically qualify for the first time since 2008, for the 2011 Copa Libertadores. They would be eliminated in the semi-finals by Santos, with a 4–5 aggragate score.
After a disappointing 2010, "Las Aguilas" would have a bad start in 2011. With a 0–2–1 record in the first three games the Clausura tournament, Manuel Lapuente was sacked as coach. His successor would be América legend Carlos Reinoso, who had already coached the club two times before. They would be eliminated in the quarter-finals by Monarcas Morelia. The second-leg of that match would also be Guillermo Ochoa's final match as América goalkeeper before moving to French club AC Ajaccio. He played seven years for the club, making over 200 league appearances, and winning one league title in 2005.
[[File:Estadio AztezdvkKC ca 07a.jpg|thumb|250px|Coloso de Santa Úrsula]]
América plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City. The stadium was designed by Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, and was inaugurated on May 29, 1966, with a match between América and Torino, which was tied 2–2. The Azteca is also the only stadium in history to host two World Cup finals. The first goal was scored was by Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos Cruz and the second one by Brazilian José Alves "Zague". The opening game was between Club América and Torino F.C. on May 26, 1966, with seats for 120,000 spectators. Later the Italians tied the game and it ended 2–2. Gustavo Díaz Ordaz President of Mexico made the initial kick and Sir Stanley Rous, FIFA President, was the witness.
A modern lighting system was inaugurated on June 5, 1966 with the first night game between Valencia C.F. and Necaxa. The first goal of the game was scored by Honduran José Cardona. In this game, Roberto Martínez o Caña Brava scored the first goal made by the Mexican team. The final score was 3–1 in favor of Valencia C.F..
There is a Commemorative plaque with the names of the first goal scorer in the first daylight match and in the first night game.
Aztec Stadium is also the site in which Pelé, and Diego Maradona lifted the trophy for the last time. Pelé and Maradona are considered by many as the best football players of all time. This occurred during the 1970 and 1986 FIFA World Cup), the Jules Rimet Trophy and the current FIFA World Cup Trophy, respectively.
The stadium has also hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1975 Pan American Games, 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship, 1986 FIFA World Cup, and the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup. It has also hosted major international club tournaments such at the Copa Interamericana and the Copa Libertadores de América.
Aztec Stadium has also been used for musical performances throughout its history. Michael Jackson (in 1993), U2 (in 2006),, Elton John, Maná, Juan Gabriel, Luis Miguel, Gloria Estefan, Jaguares, Lenny Kravitz, Ana Gabriel, The Three Tenors all have become part of the stadium's spectacular history. The stadium has also been used for political events, including Mexican president Felipe Calderón's campaign closure in 2006, as well as religious events, like the appearance of Pope John Paul II in 1999.
El Super Clásico
- América vs. Guadalajara
- The first confrontation between what are considered the two most popular teams in Mexico ended with a victory for Guadalajara with a score of 1–0.The rivalry began to flourish after the second match when Club América defeated Chivas de Guadalajara with a score of 7–2. Although the huge defeat sparked embarrassment within Chivas, it was almost two decades before the rivalry became The Clásico. Their meetings, which have become known as El Clásico, are played at least twice a year and signal a national derby. One of the very reasons why these two teams are arch rivals is because in 1983 and 1986 these two clubs brawled with each other, raising excitement among the fans, thus every time they play it is considered a match that everyone will remember. To this day, El Clásico continues to raise huge excitement in the whole country as well as in other parts of the world where there are fans of either team. The intensity of the game is lived so passionately that every time these two teams contest a game, regardless of what position they are on the charts or what level they show throughout the league, it is always considered the most important game of the season.
Tournament GP AV D GV GoalA GoalG Mexican League 132 38 43 51 160 189 Liguilla 20 12 3 5 27 15 Copa México 12 5 6 1 16 10 Campeón de Campeones 2 0 0 2 1 4 CONCACAF Champions League 2 1 1 0 4 2 Copa Pre Libertadores 2 2 0 0 3 0 Interliga 1 0 1 0 1 1 Copa Libertadores 2 2 0 0 3 0 SUBTOTALS 173 61 54 58 215 221 Other tournaments and exhibition matches 31 13 9 9 52 43 TOTAL 204 73 63 69 267 264 GP: Games Played AV: América Victory D: Draw GV: Guadalajara Victory GoalA: América Goals GoalG: Guadalajara Goals
- América vs. Pumas
- The Rivalry between Club América and Club Universidad Nacional known as the "Clásico Capitalino", is one of the strongests rivalries between two of the most popular teams in México, played between two of the three teams which represent Mexico City and the metropolitan area of the Primera División de México.
The first match between these two clubs was on 1 July 1962, where América hosted UNAM who had recently been promoted from the second division.
This match represents two opposites poles in football; América symbolizes lushness and high class of society, while UNAM represents students at the coliegete level since the club is part of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, more importantly Latin America.
- América vs. Cruz Azul
- Owner: Emilio Azcarraga Jean
- President: Vacant
- Vice-president: Vacant
- Sports director: Luis Roberto Alves
- Commercial director: Jaime Rascón
- Manager: Alfredo Tena
- Assistant manager: Guillermo Huerta
- Technical consultant: Hector Islas
- Fitness coach: Pablo Sánchez
- Goalkeeper coach: Néstor Rafael Verderi
- Team doctors: Alfonso Díaz Rivera and Joaquín Ledezma
- Youth Academy director: Vinicio Bravo
- Scout: Vacant
For recent transfers, see List of Mexican Football Transfers Summer 2011.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player 1 GK Armando Navarrete 2 DF Ismael Rodríguez 3 DF Aquivaldo Mosquera (Captain) 4 DF Óscar Rojas 5 MF Jesús Molina 6 DF Juan Carlos Valenzuela 7 MF Adolfo Rosinei 8 FW Vicente Sánchez (Captain) 10 MF Daniel Montenegro 11 FW Christian Benítez 12 GK Hugo González 13 MF Diego Reyes 15 DF Édgar Castillo 16 MF Isaac Acuña 17 FW Luis Olascoaga 18 MF Ángel Reyna No. Position Player 19 DF Miguel Layún 20 GK Leonín Pineda 21 FW Lugiani Gallardo 22 DF Paul Aguilar 23 MF José Joaquín Martínez 24 FW Daniel Márquez 25 FW Renato González 26 MF Juan Carlos Medina 29 DF Ademar Rodríguez 30 FW Vicente Matías Vuoso 32 DF Erik Pimentel 33 DF Patricio Treviño 34 DF George Corral 45 GK Carlos López 47 FW Raúl Jiménez 55 DF Jorge Reyes
- America U-20
- Reserve team that plays in the U-20 tournament coinciding with the regular season tournament. The games are held in Estadio Azteca.
- America U-17
- Reserve team that plays in the U-17 tournament coinciding with the regular season tournament. The games are held in Instalaciones Club América Coapa.
Out on loan
No. Position Player - DF Manuel Alejandro García (at San Luis) - DF Guillermo Cerda (at San Luis) - DF Israel Martínez (at Querétaro) - DF Raúl Alvin Mendoza (at Querétaro) - DF Diego Cervantes (at Puebla) No. Position Player - MF Lampros Kontogiannis (at Tigres UANL) - MF Luis Saritama (at Deportivo Quito) - FW Tabaré Viudez (at Nacional) - FW Antonio López (at Puebla)
- Javier Aguirre
- Luis Roberto Alves
- Cuauhtémoc Blanco
- José Luis Borbolla
- Enrique Borja
- Horacio Casarín
- Adrian Chavez
- Luis de la Fuente
- Antonio de la Torre
- Carlos de los Cobos
- Joaquin Del Olmo
- Javier Fragoso
- Isidoro García
- Alberto García Aspe
- Francisco Garza Gutiérrez
- Raúl Gutiérrez
- Carlos Hermosillo
- Juan Hernández
- Luis Hernández
- Raúl Rodrigo Lara
- Antonio Luna
- Braulio Luna
- Armando Manzo
- Guillermo Ochoa
- Cristóbal Ortega
- Pável Pardo
- Ricardo Pelaez
- Mario Pérez
- Rafael Puente
- Adolfo Rios
- José Antonio Roca
- Oscar Rojas
- José Luis Salgado
- Hugo Sánchez
- Oswaldo Sánchez
- Alfredo Tena
- Germán Villa
- Antônio Carlos Santos
- João Justino
- Kleber Boas
- Robert de Pinho
- Rosinei Adolfo
- Carlos Reinoso
- Fabián Estay
- Iván Zamorano
- Jean Beausejour
- Osvaldo Castro
- Reinaldo Navia
- Ricardo Rojas
- Rodrigo Valenzuela
- Primera División
Most goals scored Rank Name Nationality Goals 1 Luis Roberto Alves 162 2 Cuauhtémoc Blanco 126 3 Enrique Borja 101 4 Eduardo González Palmer 90 5 Carlos Reinoso 87 6 Zague 86 7 Carlos Hermosillo 79 8 Salvador Cabañas 71 9 Gonzalo Farfán 70 10 Octavio Vial 62 Most appearances Rank Name Nationality Apps 1 Cristóbal Ortega 711 2 Alfredo Tena 594 3 Luis Roberto Alves 490
- Amateur Era
- Roberto Scarone (1965–66)
- José Antonio Roca (1970–71)
- Raúl Cárdenas (1975–76)
- Carlos Reinoso (1983–84)
- Miguel Ángel López (1984–85, 1986)
- Jorge Vieira (1987–88, 1988–89)
- Manuel Lapuente (2002 Verano)
- Mario Carrillo (2005 Clausura)
- Octavio Vial (1954–55)
- Raúl Cárdenas (1975–76)
- Jorge Vieira (1987–88, 1988–89)
- Mario Carrillo (2004–05)
- International cup
- Raúl Cárdenas (1977 CONCACAF Champions' Cup, 1997 Copa Interamericana)
- Miguel Ángel López (1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup)
- Carlos Miloc (1990 CONCACAF Champions' Cup, 1990 Copa Interamericana)
- Miguel Ángel López (1992 CONCACAF Champions' Cup)
- Alfio Basile (CONCACAF Giants Cup)
- Manuel Lapuente (2006 CONCACAF Champions' Cup)
- Amateur Era
- Primera División (4): 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1927–28
- Copa México (1): 1937–38
- Copa Challenger (1): 1927
- Professional Era
- Primera División (10): 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1988–89, 2002 Verano, 2005 Clausura
- Copa México (5): 1953–54, 1954–55, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1973–74
- Campeón de Campeones (5): 1955, 1976, 1988, 1989, 2005
- InterLiga (1): 2008
- CONCACAF Champions' Cup / Champions League (5): 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006
- CONCACAF Giants Cup (1): 2001
- Copa Interamericana (2): 1977, 1990
- Liga Excélsior (1): 1920
- Copa Vizcaya (1): 1920
- Copa Baltamar (1): 1922
- Junta Española Covadonga (1): 1927
- Copa Presidente Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1): 1964–65
- Copa Independencia (2): 1966–67, 1974–75
- Copa Revolución Mexicana (1): 1980–81
- Cuadrangular Ciudad de México (1): 1981
- Trofeo Águila Azteca (1): 1982
- Copa de las Naciones (1): 1983
- Trofeo de la Vendimia (1): 1983–84
- Triangular Ciudad de México (1): 1987
- Copa Cofraternidad (1): 1988
- Copa Pachuca (1): 1997
- Cuadrangular Los Angeles (1): 1999
- Cup of Texas (1): 2004
- Copa San José (1): 2006
- Copa "El Mexicano" (1): 2008
- Copa Insurgentes (1): 2010
- Copa Reto Águila (1): 2010
Copa Libertadores Year Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Stage 1998 8 2 3 3 7 7 0 9 Round of 16 2000 12 8 1 3 28 18 +10 25 Semifinals 2002 12 9 2 1 19 8 +11 29 Semifinals 2004 8 4 2 2 13 8 +5 14 Round of 16 2007 12 6 1 5 23 16 +7 19 Quarterfinals 2008 12 5 2 5 18 16 +2 17 Semifinals 2011 8 3 2 3 8 8 0 11 Round of 16 Total 72 37 13 22 116 81 +35 124 Copa Sudamericana Year Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Stage 2005 4 1 1 2 7 8 −1 4 Quarterfinals 2007 8 5 0 3 15 10 +5 15 Finalist Total 12 6 1 5 22 18 +4 19 FIFA Club World Cup Year Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Stage 2006 3 1 0 2 2 6 −4 3 4th Place Total 3 1 0 2 2 6 −4 3
Managers: Listing of managers past and presentPlayers: First team · Listing of players past and presentNational Honors (0): 0 League Titles - 1965-66 · 1970-71 · 1975-76 · 1983-84 · 1984-85 · Prode '85 · 1987-88 · 1988-89 · Verano 2002 · Clausura 2005 · 5 Cups, 5 Supercups, Interliga · International Honors () - 5 CONCACAF Championships, CONCACAF Giants' Cup, Copas Interamericanas
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- ^ a b "Inicia la aventura (1917–1942)." www.esmas.com. Redaccion. (Spanish)
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- ^ "America sack Lapuente, bring Reinoso". Goal.com.
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- ^ http://www.esmas.com/futbol/mi-clasico/el-clasico-de-clasicos-club-america-vs-chivas/
- ^ a b Grupo Reforma. "Encuesta completa sobre el equipo más popular de México". In UNIVISION.com. http://foro.univision.com/univision/board/message?board.id=hinchas_futbol&message.id=270350#M270350. Retrieved 2008.
- ^ Óscar Ignacio Guevara Salinas. "Pumas vs. América, centenaria rivalidad". In esmas.com. http://www.esmas.com/deportes/futbol/485512.html. Retrieved 12 de julio de 2008.
- ^ http://www.realidadamericanista.com/generales/top100/top100.asp
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- ^ "América gana la copa "El Mexicano"". http://www.oem.com.mx/esto/notas/n770203.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
Primera División Profesional 2011–12 teams Seasons1943–44 · 1944–45 · 1945–46 · 1946–47 · 1947–48 · 1948–49 · 1949–50 · 1950–51 · 1951–52 · 1952–53 · 1953–54 · 1954–55 · 1955–56 · 1956–57 · 1957–58 · 1958–59 · 1959–60 · 1960–61 · 1961–62 · 1962–63 · 1963–64 · 1964–65 · 1965–66 · 1966–67 · 1967–68 · 1968–69 · 1969–70 · 1970 · 1970–71 · 1971–72 · 1972–73 · 1973–74 · 1974–75 · 1975–76 · 1976–77 · 1977–78 · 1978–79 · 1979–80 · 1980–81 · 1981–82 · 1982–83 · 1983–84 · 1984–85 · 1985–86 · 1986–87 · 1987–88 · 1988–89 · 1989–90 · 1990–91 · 1991–92 · 1992–93 · 1993–94 · 1994–95 · 1995–96 · 1996–97 · 1997–98 · 1998–99 · 1999–2000 · 2000–01 · 2001–02 · 2002–03 · 2003–04 · 2004–05 · 2005–06 · 2006–07 · 2007–08 · 2008–09 · 2009–10 · 2010–11 · 2011–12 2011 Copa Santander Libertadores de América Champion Runner-up Eliminated in the Semifinals Eliminated in the Quarterfinals Eliminated in the Round of 16 Eliminated in the Second Stage Eliminated in the First Stage First Stage · Second Stage · Round of 16 · Quarterfinals · Semifinals · Finals
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