- Club Deportivo Guadalajara
Infobox Football club
clubname = Guadalajara
fullname = Club Deportivo Guadalajara S.A. de C.V.
nickname = Chivas, Rebaño Sagrado, Chiverío, Campeonísimo, Chivas Rayadas, El Equipo del Pueblo,
motto = Rojiblancos, Super Chivas
shortname = Chivas,
May 8, 1906
capacity = 56,713
chrtitle = President
chairman = flagicon|MEX
ceo = Omnilife
mgrtitle = Manager
manager = flagicon|MEX
league = La Primera División
season = Clausura 2008
position = Quarterfinals (Playoffs)
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Club Deportivo Guadalajara S.A. de C.V., commonly known as Las Chivas ("The Goats"), is a Mexican
association footballteam based in Guadalajara, Jaliscothat competes in the Primera División de México, the highest football division in Mexico.
Guadalajara is the only football club in Mexico to exclusively field
Mexican-born players. The three colors of the team red, white and blue stand for Fraternity, Union and Sports. It is one of three teams in Mexico that have never been relegated to the Primera Division A(2nd Division), the others being América, and Cruz Azul. These are also the three most popular clubs in Mexico, and the meetings of América and Chivassignal the national derby (see el Superclásico). The team's popularity in the U.S. has led to the creation of a Major League Soccerexpansion club in the United States, Chivas USA, which was initially to be comprised of Mexican and Mexican-American players but now features a roster similar to other MLS clubs. Guadalajara has won more championships than any other team in Mexico.
Foundation and Amateur Era (1906-1943)
The team was founded on May 8, 1906, by a young Belgian shopkeeper named Edgar Everaert, as "Club de Futbol Union". Their kit was modeled on that of the founder's favourite team, the Belgian
Club Brugge K.V., which consisted of vertical stripes and the color scheme was also modeled after Brugge's (which has since changed their team colors). The first team was formed with Mexican and French players (thus being named Union because of the camaraderie between these players) and mostly consisted of employees of the store "Fábricas de Francia" with Everaert as coach [ [http://www.webfrancia.com/es/rubricas/huellas-francia/2001/200107/16.htm WebFrancia] (In 1911, Rafael Orozco became the first president of the club)] [ [http://members.tripod.com/o_oxchivasxo_o/historia.htm History of Chivas] ] .
Upon returning from a trip across
Europe, Everaert made the observation that European teams named after their respective town or city generated more support from fans in their communities. Thus, in 1908, with the approval of Everaert and the team's players, "Club de Futbol Union" would rename itself "Club Deportivo Guadalajara" to bring about a sense of pride within the city's population. Also in 1908, it would be decided that the team would only field Mexican-born players because of the eventual oppression Mexican nationals felt towards foreigners [ [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/origenes.htm Soy de Chivas] ] . Following the aftermath of the Mexican Revolution, amateur football tournaments throughout the country flourished and Guadalajara was always a protagonist. Between the years of 1906 and 1943 (the amateur era of Mexican football), Guadalajara won 13 amateur titles, the first one being in 1908. Also during this period, Guadalajara would go on to form, along with Futbol Club Atlas, the first major (and oldest) rivalry in Mexican football [ [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/origenes.htm Origenes] ] . Atlas consisted of upper class football players, while Guadalajara represented -and still does-- the working class.
Professional Era (1943-1956)
Guadalajara was one of 10 teams that co-founded the
Primera Division de Mexicoin 1943. The team made its professional debut on October 21 1943against Atlante F.C., in which Guadalajara won by the score of 4-0 [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/eraprofesional.htm Era Professional] ] . Guadalajara was a highly competitive team during its first professional years, however, the team would eventually be plagued by a series of bad results; the team spent their time in ninth place between 1945-48, followed by a reasonable third place finish in the 1948-49 season, and finally falling to eighth place in 1949-50 . It was at the beginning of the professional era that Guadalajara would get its famous nickname. On September 30 1948, during a match against Tampico at Parque Oro de Guadalajara, a local city newspaper column derisively said that the goats ("chivas" in Spanish) had won; the name, which began as an insult (and frequently used by rivals Atlas at the time), would eventually be embraced by fans. The insult was meant to say that the team did not play very well, and they just ran around like "crazy goats".
The 1950s saw Guadalajara begin to emerge as a powerhouse in the league, but it would soon again be witness to disaster. Between 1950 and 1957, Guadalajara had its hands on 6 league titles and 1 Mexican Cup title, but fell short of winning said titles. During this unlucky streak, the team was nicknamed the "Almost Theres" ("Los Ya Merito" in Spanish). Their most painful downfall during this streak came in the 1951-1952 season. The team was the absolute leader in the league, however, it lost its last three games (including a loss to last place
Deportivo Veracruz), thus conceding first place to their closest rival in the league table, Club Leon.
The "Campeonisimo" Era (1956-1970)
In 1956, Guadalajara began its fabled "Campeonísimo" run, ending years of coming within inches of glory. The team's first of eight league titles throughout the Campeonisimo run came at the hands of striker
Salvador Reyesin a match against Club Irapuatoin 1957. After winning their first title, the Cardinal of Guadalajara held a mass in their honor the next day and gave the team his blessing. Some considered changing the nickname from Chivas to Cardenales (Cardinals), but this was a short lived attempt. A compromise was reached and the team was blessed instead. Since many fans were religious, the team was seen as a holy endeavor, and given the nickname "El Rebaño Sagrado" (The Sacred Flock).
In addition to winning every league title from 1956-57 to 1964-65 (except in 57-58), "Las Chivas" won 23 titles from national and international competition. [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/campeonisimo.htm Campeonisimo] ] . An eighth league title was won in the 1969-70 season, as only two of the original players from the Campeonisimo era remained. Many of the players throughout this era became legendary symbols for the club. These players include goalkeeper "Jaime "Tubo" Gomez", "Guillermo "Tigre" Sepúlveda", "José "Jamaicón" Villegas", "Pancho Flores", "Juan "Bigotón" Jasso", "Isidoro "Chololo" Díaz", "Sabás Ponce", "Francisco Jara", and striker
Salvador Reyes, all-time top scorer for Guadalajara with 122 goals. Reyes was the last Guadalajara player to win the top scorer award (21 goals in a season), until Omar Bravowon it in the Primera Division de Mexico Clausura 2007with 11 goals.
After its Campeonisimo run, Guadalajara was seen, in the eyes of most Mexican nationals, as the team that best exemplified the social struggle and nationalism of
Mexico.. According to recent Mexican national polls, Guadalajara is still considered by many to be the most popular team in Mexican football [ [http://www.fmf.com.mx/encuestas_de_futbol_soccer_en_mexico.htm (Poll conducted by the Federacion Mexicana de Futbol)] .
The Dark Era (1971-1982)
The '70s began in top form for Guadalajara after its league title of 1969-70. However, from 1971 to 1980, Guadalajara only made the playoffs twice; a fifth place finish in 1971-72 and a seventh place finish in 1975-76 [. [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/chivasflacas.htm Chivas Flacas] ] . During the rest of the decade, Guadalajara would only finish at the middle or near bottom of the league table. This era was widely blamed on bad management and players that weren't able to adapt to the team, and the arrival of more foreign players into the league.
Guadalajara again became a prominent competitor in the '80s. A third place finish in the 1980-81 season gave fans hope for a new era, but the team was soon eliminated in the playoffs. Prior to the 1981-82 season, a tragic road accident took the life of team member José Martínez, leaving the team in a state of shock [ [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/80s.htm Los 80s] ] . The team finished the season in seventeenth place.
After that tragic season, the team went on to hire coach "Alberto Guerra", who had been a player for Guadalajara during the mid-60s. Many fans had doubts that such a young and inexperienced coach would do anything to improve the team's chances for success, but that soon changed during the 1982-83 season. Guadalajara finished seventh in the league table and qualified for the playoffs, where it would go on to eliminate
Atlante FCin Quarterfinals and hated rivals Club Americain Semifinals. The team reached the Finals for the first time since the playoff format was introduced in the '70s, where it would go on to lose against Puebla FCin a penalty shootout [ [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/80s.htm Los 80;s] ] . Guadalajara would once again reach the Finals in 1983-84, only to lose to rivals America by an aggregate score of 5-4.
Guadalajara's 17-Year streak without a championship finally came to an end in the 1986-87 season. The team finished first in the league table, qualifying for the playoffs with ease, where it would go on to defeat
CF Monterreyin Quarterfinals and Puebla FCin Semis. The ninth championship came against Cruz Azulwith an aggregate score of 4-2. After the 1987-88 season, where Guadalajara was eliminated in Quarterfinals and 1988-89 season, where it was eliminated in Semis, Alberto Guerra left the team, signaling the end of another era.
Prominent players for Guadalajara in the 1980s include "Ricardo "Snoopy" Perez", "Eduardo "Yayo" de la Torre", "Fernando Quirarte", "Javier "Zully" Ledesma", "Demetrio Madero", and "Benjamin Galindo".
"La Promotora" Era (1992-02)
By the end of the 1980s, Guadalajara began to experience financial troubles. The team was in terrible debt and needed a new direction to handle its financial woes. Team directors decided to create a special financial sector that would be known as "La Promotora Deportiva". The team would be "sold" for 10 years starting in 1992 to a
petroleumexecutive named "Salvador Martinez Garza", who would be in charge of the "Promotora" and of team operations [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/promotora.htm La Promotora] ] . Before Guadalajara began its new era under the "Promotora", the team began the 1990s in average form, reaching the Semis in 90-91, reaching the Quarterfinals in 91-92, and finishing in thirteenth place in 92-93.
Because of the lack of experience in football business affairs , Salvador Martinez Garza and his directors decided to adopt an iron-fist philosophy and try to revitalize the team by purchasing the strongest players available at the time. The new directors decided to bring back Guadalajara's champion coach in 1986-87 "Alberto Guerra" and purchase many players that would become icons for Guadalajara in the early '90s: "Missael Espinoza", "Alberto "Guameru" Garcia", and "Alberto Coyote". The team also decided that it would rely on young talent from its basic training schools. Such talent included "Paulo Cesar "Tilon" Chavez" and "Joel "Tiburon" Sanchez". At the beginning of the 93-94 season, the press and fans dubbed the new and improved team "Las Superchivas". The team, however, did not meet anyone's expectations and were easily eliminated early on in the playoffs. The 94-95 season would bring about more change for the team. To further impose its iron-fist philosophy, Guadalajara would go on to hire a player that would become a key to the team in the 1990s:
Ramon Ramirez. Also at the start of the season, directors sold all television rights of the team to Mexican giant Televisa, a move that was heavily criticized by fans because of Televisa's ownership of Club America. Guadalajara would end the regular season as the undisputed leader in the league table, and was posed to win its 10th title, but was narrowly defeated by Club Necaxain Semis. The 96-97 season saw the exit of coach Alberto Guerra and with it, the slow downfall of the team. A new coach, Dutchman Leo Beenhakker, would be brought in towards the middle of the season, but the team failed to make the playoffs.
By 1996, the
Primera Division de Mexicoseason format would be changed to two short seasons per year. The first of the seasons, Invierno 1996, saw Guadalajara bring in another coach, Brazilian Ricardo Ferretti. During Ferretti's first season, the team managed to reach third place in the league table, but would be eliminated by Club Necaxain the Quarterfinals. Guadalajara would come to capture its 10th Championship under Ferretti in the Verano 1997 season against Toros Nezawith the aggregate score of 7-2. Guadalajara would once again reach the finals in the Verano 1998 season, only to once again lose to Necaxa. The rest of the decade would see the team do very poorly and the fans would ultimately lose respect for "La Promotora" for selling icon Ramon Ramirez to Club America. The Promotora's mishandling of the team in the eyes of the fans would finally come to an end in 2002, the tenth year of the originally proposed contract.
Jorge Vergara Era (2002-Present)
After its tenth year in charge of Guadalajara, "La Promotora" found itself in the same debt it had began in. Pressure by fans started to take its toll and the team was finally put up for sale. Finally, on October 31, 2002, the team was acquired by a Guadalajara native and self-made entrepreneur
Jorge Vergara[ [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/htm/historia/promotora.htm Soy de Chivas | Yo te sigo Rebaño ] ] . Vergara was the founder of a dietary supplement company named [http://www.omnilife.com Omnilife] . Before he began his tenure as sole proprietor of the club, Vergara recognized, unlike "La Promotora", that he knew nothing about the football business. He proceeded to hire directors that would be in charge of handling business affairs and he would come to promise fans that the team would be revitalized in a new direction. One of his first acts as President was to remove all sponsorship from Guadalajara's jersey, as he thought the jersey was a sacred relic for the team (the jersey has since had limited sponsorship). He would also come recognize the importance of young players for the team, an act that "La Promotora" was negligent about.
Under Vergara's new direction, the team was heavily revitalized in all sectors, especially financially. In order to establish a rich source of funds for the team, Vergara sought out to market the "Chivas" name and capitalize on it, placing the name on anything from its own magazine to toothbrushes and its own brand of
cola[ [http://www.economia.com.mx/jorge_vergara_madrigal.htm Vergara Bio] ] .
The first two seasons under the new era saw promising results for the team. For the Clausura 2003 season, Guadalajara hired "Eduardo "Yayo" de la Torre", who had played for the team in the 1980s and qualified for the playoffs in average form, only to be eliminated by
Cruz Azulin Quarterfinals. The Apertura 2003 season would see poor results in the first half of the tournament, putting an end to "Yayo" de la Torre's" tenure as coach. Coaching responsibilities would be temporarily assumed by Dutchman Hans Westerhof(who was in charge of the team's basic training school) and the team would barely qualify for a wild card showdown against Club Deportivo Toluca, but was subsequently eliminated. For the Apertura 2004, Guadalajara would display an offensive style of football and mananged to place third in the league table, qualifying for the playoffs. Players such as goalkeeper Oswaldo Sanchez, Ramon Morales, Omar Bravo, and newly acquired Adolfo Bautista, became instant fan favorites. They defeated Atlante FCin Quarterfinals and Toluca in Semis, but would lose a heartbreaking finals against Pumas UNAMin a penalty shootout. Nevertheless, the team had shown, since Vergara's arrival, that it was highly competitive (including in the Copa Libertadores 2005, where it defeated favorites Boca Juniorsto reach Semis) and was destined for more positive results.
The Eleventh Star
Under coach "José Manuel "Chepo" de la Torre", who was also a player for Guadalajara in the 1980s, the team won its 11th championship. For the Apertura 2006 season, Chivas placed eighth in the league table and qualified to the knock-out round (the "liguilla") by defeating Veracruz 2-1 in
Veracruzand 4-0 in the Estadio Jaliscoin a wild card series. Guadalajara moved to Quarterfinals where it defeated first place qualified Cruz Azul2-0 in the first leg and tied 2-2 in the second leg (4-2 aggregate), moving on to the semi-finalsagainst rivals Club América. Chivas defeated América 2-0 in Estadio Jalisco and tied 0-0 in the Estadio Azteca.
These wins allowed Chivas to move on to the final of the Primera Division against Toluca. The first match was played at Estadio Jalisco, in which Toluca and Chivas tied 1-1 with goals from
Omar Bravofor Chivas and Bruno Marionifor Toluca. On December 10, 2006, Chivas played at Toluca's home stadium Estadio Nemesio Diezand won 2-1 (3-2 aggregate), thus becoming the Mexican League champions, holding 11 titles, the most titles of any other team in the league. The first goal was scored by Francisco Javier Rodríguez, and the second was by way of Adolfo Bautista. Bautista dedicated his goal and his team's victory to his mother, who died shortly before. This championship was goalkeeper Oswaldo Sánchez's first in his career. [http://www.mediotiempo.com/fmf/primera/apertura_2006/galeria.php?id_partido=11195 Photo Gallery]
Once the team was renamed in 1908 as "Club Guadalajara", it didn't count on a proper crest. The team simply used its initials, "C.G.", in the center of its jersey. After a few years of the team's existence, the first proper crest was designed and still relied on the team's initials. They were placed around a circle and were given a more rich design. This same design would be used in the team's limited edition
Centennialjerseys in 2006.
Guadalajara's current crest was designed in 1923 and uses as its base, the crest of the city of Guadalajara,
Jalisco. The crest was then complimented with a blue circle and the words "Club Deportivo Guadalajara", five red stripes and six white stripes, eventual colors that were adopted by the team, and eleven stars representing each championship the team has won. The actual crest design is credited to brothers "Everardo and Jose Espinosa", "Angel Bolumar", and "Antonio Villalvazo", all whom were associated as players or directors of the team during that time [ [http://chivascampeon.com/paginas/historia_escudos.php Escudo] ] .
From the 1930s to 1960 Guadalajara used to play in a small stadium known as "Parque Oblatos". Guadalajara currently shares its home stadium,
Estadio Jalisco, with Atlas. Estadio Jalisco was opened on January 31, 1960. It was host for 8 games in the 1970 FIFA World Cupwhich from 6 were from group stage matches, and two were quarter and semi-finals. The stadium was host for 9 games in the 1986 FIFA World Cup, which 6 were group stage matches, 1 was round of sixteen and the last 2 were quarter and semi finals.
Chiva's new home is under construction and will be tentatively named
Estadio Chivas. This stadium will have the form of a volcano with a cloud on top as the idea of the design is to integrate the stadium with nature due to its ecological design and closeness to a forest area also becoming part of the future Conventions and Business JVC Center. The stadiums seats will be colored red except for the loge seats which will be color white. It will also have a large main entrance and 18 exits for a secure evacuation in case of an emergency and faster way of exiting the stadium . The new football stadium will have a minimum capacity for 45,500 seats to maximum of 54,500. An underground parking lot will be capable of holding up to 8,000 cars. The new stadium will also have a restaurant with a capacity of 200 people and also has a view of the field while the game is being held. The construction of the stadium is in charge of Ingenieros Civiles y Asociados who won an 81 million USD construction contract for the edification of the stadium after finishing the foundation in January 2008. The stadium is expected to be finished by January 2009. [ [http://www.estadiochivas.com.mx/arquitectura.php Estadio Chivas Official Site] ] .
Fs player | no=4 | nat=Mexico | pos=DF | name=
Héctor Reynoso("Vice-Captain")Fs player | no=11 | nat=Mexico | pos=MF | name= Ramón Morales("Captain")
* Liga Occidental: (13) 1908-1909, 1909-1910, 1911-1912, 1921-1922, 1922-1923, 1923-1924, 1924-1925, 1927-1928, 1928-1929, 1929-1930, 1932-1933, 1934-1935, 1937-1938, 1938-1939, 1939-1940
*Campeón de Campeones: 1932-1933
*Torneo de una Tarde: 1929-1930
*Mexican Primera División: (11) 1956-57, 1958-59, 1959-60, 1960-61, 1961-62, 1963-64, 1964-65, 1969-70, 1986-87, Verano 1997, Apertura 2006
*Copa México: (2) 1963, 1970
Campeón de Campeones: (7) 1956-1957, 1958-1959, 1959-1960, 1960-1961, 1963-1964, 1964-1965, 1969-1970
*Copa Challenger: 1961
*Copa Oro de Occidente: (4) 1954, 1955, 1956, 1960
CONCACAF Champions' Cup: (1) 1962
*CONCACAF Championship North America and Caribbean: (2) 1959, 1962
*Copa Pre-Libertadores: (1) 1998
*"'3 International Pentagonals:
**I Mexico City International Pentagonal 1958
**IV Mexico City International Pentagonal 1961
**III Jalisco International Pentagonal 1962
*"'4 International Hexagonals:
**Copa Internacional Hexagonal in Los Angeles 1982
**Jalisco International Hexagonal 1994
**Fiestas de Octubre Hexagonal in Guadalajara 1982
**Copa Informador de Futbol Hexagonal in Los Angeles 1999
*Copa Reforma: 1911
*Torneo de Primavera: 1917
*Medalla de la Junta de Festejos Patrios de la Villa de Zapopan: 1917
*Medalla Colón: 1918
*Medalla Caridad: 1919
*Copa Militarización: 1918
*Copa Deportivo Nacional de Torreón: 1919
*Copa Eugenio Pinzón: 1921.
*Copa Francia: 1921-22
*Copa Fábricas de Francia: 1924 .
*Campeonato Oficial de Segunda Fuerza: (3) 1924-25, 1928-29, 1934-35, 1937-38
*Campeonato Categoría Juvenil: 1928-29
*Trofeo Casino Español: 1928
*Campeonato de Segunda Categoría de Occidente: 1939.
*Campeonato Oficial de Tercera Fuerza: (2) 1928-29, 1937-38.
*"'Copa Presidencial: 1953
*"'Copa de Oro: 1954-1956
*Trofeo de Don Adolfo López Mateos (4): 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963
*Torneo de la Ciudad de Guadalajara: 1961
*Trofeo Campeonísimo: 1961-62
*Campeón Torneo de Reservas: (3) 1967-68, 1992-93, 2006.
*Campeón Primera Fuerza Amateur: 1967-68
*Copa Presidente Gustavo Díaz Ordaz
*Copa California: 1977
*Campeón 1a. División Amateur: 1983-84
*Copa Europa: 1985
*Trofeo al Equipo menos goleado: 1991-92
*Campeón Juvenil: 1998
*Copa León: 2003
*Clasico Bud light: 2008
Reserves International Tournaments
*Dalla's Cup (U.S.): (7) 1998(U-17), 2001(U-19), 2002(U-16), 2003(U-16), 2004(U-16), 2005(U-14), 2008(U-14)
Gothia Cup(Sweden): (2) 2005(U-16), 2007(U-16)
Manchester United Premier Cup(England): 2005-2006(U-15)
*Copa Chivas International (Mexico): (2) 2007(U-16), 2008(U-16)
*Copa Saprissa (Costa Rica): 2008(U-17)
Milk Cup(Ireland): 2007(Junior Category)
*Copa Promissão (Brazil): 2005(U-15)
*Groningen International Tournament (Netherlands): 2005(U-20)
*Lowe's Cup (U.S.): 2007(U-21)
*Dana Cup (Denmark): 2007(U-16)
*Storsjocupen (Norway): 2007(U-14)
*Dalecarlia Cup (Sweden): 2007(U-13)
*Piteå Summer Games (Sweden): 2007(Class B and C)
*Sherewsbury Tournament (England): 2007(U-15)
*Copa Alianza (U.S.): 2007(1A)
*Bimal BMW Cup (Japan): 2008(U-17)
CD Tapatio:Reserve team that plays in the Primera División AOccidental Zone and has no right to be promoted to Primera División. Their home games are held in the Estadio Jalisco.
;Guadalajara B:Reserve team that plays in the
Segunda División Profesionalwith the right to be promoted to la Primera División A. Their home games are held in the Verde Valle football fields.
;Chivas San Rafael:Reserve team that plays in the
Segunda División Profesionalwithout right to promotion. This team was before known as Club Jalisco but after it was purchased it became Chivas San Rafael. Their home games are held in the Chivas San Rafael Club facilities.
Chivas USA:This team was founded in 2004 as an expansion team in the Major League Soccerwith its base in Los Angeles. Its home games are hosted in the Home Depot Centerin Carson, California.
;Chivas Hefei:Future filial team that will begin participation in the Chinese Yi League.
* [http://www.fotoschivas.com Chivas pictures]
* [http://www.estadiochivas.com.mx Chivas Stadium]
* [http://www.chivasdecorazon.com.mx CD Guadalajara Official Website]
* [http://chivas.gyggs.com/ Comunidad Chivas]
* [http://www.redchivas.com/ Red Social Chivas]
* [http://elvilchivas.blogspot.com/ Soy Chiva blog]
* [http://www.barrairreverente.net/ Barra Irreverente]
* [http://www.soydechivas.com.mx/ Soy de Chivas]
* [http://www.carnavalirreverente.com/ Carnaval Irreverente]
* [irc://irc.undernet.org/Chivas Canal IRC en Undernet]
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