- Hidalgo (state)
name = State of Hidalgo
flag_size = 140px
image_shield = Escudo Hidalgo.png
shield_size = 80px
map_caption = Location within Mexico
mapsize1 = 180px
map_caption1 = Districts of Hidalgo
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = Capital
subdivision_type2 = Municipalities
subdivision_name2 = 86
Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong(PRI)
leader_title1 = Federal Deputies
leader_title2 =Federal Senators
leader_name2 = José Guadarrama (PRD)
Francisco Berganza (C)
Jesús Murillo (PRI)
area_footnotes = Ranked 26th
area_total_km2 = 20813
population_total = 2,345,514 (Ranked 18th)
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
blank_name =HDI (2004)
blank_info =0.7515 - medium
blank2_name =Postal abbr.
website = [http://www.hidalgo.gob.mx/ Hidalgo State Government]
Hidalgo (pronounced|iˈðalɣo) is a state in central
Mexico, bordered on the north by San Luis Potosí, on the east by Veracruzand Puebla, on the south by Tlaxcalaand Mexico State, on the northwest by Querétaro.
The state covers an area of km2 to sq mi|20502. In the 2005 census it reported a population of some 2,345,514 people. It is named after Mexican independence leader Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
The state capital is
Pachuca. Also in the state of Hidalgo are the town and ancient Toltecruins of Tula.
A call for a state in or around the area of modern-day Hidalgo was originally made in 1823, led by the representatives of
Huejutlato the Constitutional Congress; the proposal, which would have established the state of Huasteca, did not proper.Fact|date=September 2008
In 1851, a movement began for the creation of a state, to be called
Iturbide, from the Huasteca regions of Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Veracruzand state of México. The corresponding proposal, drafted by Manuel Fernando Soto(after whom Pachuca de Sotois named), was rejected by the 1857 Constitutional Congress. [ [http://www.hidalgo.gob.mx/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=19 Nace el estado] Hidalgo State Government, accessed 2008-092-5]
Hidalgo was created as a state on 15 January 1869, with its escision from the
state of Méxicofollowing the restoration of the Republic after the French Intervention; overtures to the effect had again been made by various local federal deputies in 1861, prior to the war. [ [http://www.hidalgo.gob.mx/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=19 Nace el estado] Hidalgo State Government, accessed 2008-092-5] ( Moreloswas created in a similar fashion in April 1869.) Before deciding on Pachuca, serious consideration was given to Tulancingoas state capital.
Government and politics
Constitution of the State of Hidalgoprovides that the governmentof Hidalgo, like the government of every other state in Mexico, consists of three powers: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. Executive power rests in the Governor of Hidalgo, who is directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a 6-year term with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests in the Congress of Hidalgowhich is a unicameral legislature. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of Hidalgo. The last local elections in Hidalgo were held in 2005, and the current governor is Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong, whose term expires in 2011.
The State of Hidalgo is divided into 84 municipalities, each headed by a
municipal president(mayor). Most municipalities are named after the city that serves as municipal seat, for example the municipal seat of the Municipality of Pachuca is the City of Pachuca.
Huejutla de Reyes
Tepeji de Ocampo
Progreso de Álvaro Obregón
*es icon [http://cp.alternativo.net/hgo.php Towns, cities, and postal codes in Hidalgo]
*es icon [http://www.hidalgo.gob.mx/ Hidalgo State Government]
*es icon [http://www.prodigyweb.net.mx/dcwright/sangre.htm Sangre para el Sol: las pinturas murales del siglo XVI en la parroquia de Ixmiquilpan, Hidalgo -- Blood for the Sun: XVI century mural paintings in the parish of Ixmiquilpan, Hidalgo]
*es icon [http://www.prodigyweb.net.mx/dcwright/oto_edu.htm Los otomíes, la educación y los derechos lingüísticos -- Otomies (indigenous group of Hidalgo), education and linguist rights]
*es icon [http://www.prodigyweb.net.mx/dcwright/mss.htm Manuscritos otomíes del Virreinato -- Otomi manuscripts in the Viceroyalty]
*es icon [http://www.arqueomex.com/S2N3nLosOtomies73.html Lengua, cultura e historia de los otomíes -- Language, culture, and history of the Otomi]
*es icon [http://www.prodigyweb.net.mx/dcwright/publicac.htm Publicaciones varias sobre la historia mexicana, incluyendo los otomies en Hidalgo y otras areas del bajio -- Bibliography of mexican history studies, including on the Otomi in Hidalgo and central Mexico]
* [http://www.sup-infor.com/navigation.htm Codices otomi -- Otomi codexes in French, English & Spanish]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.