Meacham, Oregon

Meacham, Oregon
—  Unincorporated community  —
Meacham is located in Oregon
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates: 45°30′24″N 118°25′13″W / 45.50667°N 118.42028°W / 45.50667; -118.42028Coordinates: 45°30′24″N 118°25′13″W / 45.50667°N 118.42028°W / 45.50667; -118.42028
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes
FIPS code
GNIS feature ID
Outdoor amphitheater of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center in the Blue Mountains forest within the Emigrant Springs State Heritage Area in Meacham.[1]

Meacham is an unincorporated community in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. It is located on the old alignment of U.S. Route 30 off Interstate 84, in the Umatilla National Forest, near Emigrant Springs State Heritage Area and the route of the Oregon Trail. It is part of the PendletonHermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Meacham was a station on the Union Pacific Railroad, near the summit of the Blue Mountains. Major Henry A. G. Lee established a troop encampment, called Lee's Encampment, there in 1844. Meacham was named for Harvey J. and Alfred B. Meacham, who operated Meacham Station, a stage station, in the 1860s and '70s. The first post office in the locality, established in 1862, was named "Encampment". The name was changed to "Meacham" in 1890.[2][3]

President Warren G. Harding gave a speech in Meacham on July 4, 1923 commemorating the Oregon Trail. At the time his wife was presented with a Pendleton blanket shawl in a design that became popular as the "Harding design".[4][5]

It was widely reported Meacham set the state record for lowest recorded temperature in February 1933 at −52 °F (−47 °C). Seneca, in Grant County, however, was colder at −54 °F (−48 °C).[3]


  1. ^ Morris, Mark (2007). Moon Oregon. Avalon Travel. p. 407. Retrieved 2009-09-11. 
  2. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh Edition ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  3. ^ a b "Meacham and Ukiah, Arctic Kings". Retrieved 2006-11-13. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Pendleton Blankets, Robes & Shawls". Historical Gazette, Volume Three Number One. Historical Gazette. Retrieved 2006-11-13. 

Further reading

  • Stewart, Betty Booth (1996). Meacham: A Wide Spot on the Oregon Trail Where the Meadowlark Still Sings. Tigard, Oregon: Crossroad. ISBN 0-9653021-0-5. 

External links

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