- The Crimson Permanent Assurance
The Crimson Permanent Assurance Directed by Terry Gilliam Produced by Terry Gilliam
Written by Terry Gilliam Starring Sydney Arnold
John Scott Martin
Music by John Du Prez Cinematography Roger Pratt Distributed by Universal Pictures
United International Pictures/Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) May 1983 Running time 15 min. Country United Kingdom Language English
The Crimson Permanent Assurance is a short film that plays as the beginning of the feature-length motion picture Monty Python's The Meaning of Life. Although it is presented as a separate film, and is sometimes shown without the feature, it can also be considered a prologue to The Meaning of Life, which is almost never shown without The Crimson Permanent Assurance preceding it.
Having originally conceived the story as a 6-minute animated sequence in Monty Python's The Meaning of Life, intended for placement at the end of Part V, Terry Gilliam convinced the other members of Monty Python to allow him to produce and direct it as a live-action piece instead.
According to Gilliam, the film's rhythm, length, and style of cinematography made it a poor fit as a scene in the larger movie, so it became "Our Short Feature Presentation", to be shown ahead of the "Main Feature".
It was a common practice in British cinemas to show an unrelated short feature before the main movie, a holdover from the older practice of showing a full-length "B" movie ahead of the main feature. By the mid-1970s the short features were of poorer quality, or simply banal travelogues. As a kind of protest, the Pythons had already produced one spoof travelogue narrated by John Cleese, Away from It All, which was shown before The Life of Brian in Britain.
The film includes actor Matt Frewer's debut performance.
The elderly British employees of the Permanent Assurance Company, a staid London firm which has recently been taken over by the Very Big Corporation of America, rebel against their corporate masters when one of them is sacked. Having locked the surviving supervisors in the safe, and forced their boss to walk a makeshift plank out a window, they commandeer their Edwardian office building, which suddenly weighs anchor, uses its scaffolding and tarpaulins as sails, and is turned into a pirate ship. The stone office building starts to move as if it were a ship. Sailing through the City of London, they then proceed to attack The Very Big Corporation of America's skyscraper, using, among other things, wooden filing cabinets which have been transformed into carronades and swords fashioned from the blades of a ceiling fan. On ropes, they swing into the board room and engage the executives of VBCA in hand-to-hand combat, vanquishing them.
After their hard-earned victory, the clerks continue to "sail the wide accountan-cy" (as they sing in their heroic sea shanty), until unceremoniously meeting their (now-animated) end by falling off the edge of the world.
Typical of how Pythons would weave previously 'terminated' plot lines into later scenes of the same episode (like Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition in the TV show, or the recurring theme of the swallows carrying coconuts in the movie Holy Grail), The Crimson Permanent Assurance suddenly re-emerges in the middle of the main feature of Monty Python's The Meaning of Life. After the donor scene, the movies shifts to follow a modern board room debate about the meaning of life (and that people are not wearing enough hats). This debate is happening at the Very Big Corporation of America headquarters building in the same room that witnessed the battle in the short film. The debate is halted when one executive asks, "Has anyone seen that building?" which turns out to be the marauding old London building/pirate ship of the Crimson Permanent Assurance. The audience gets to see briefly the attack of the pirates from the angle of the victims in the board room. The raid is halted by a modern skyscraper falling onto the moving Permanent Assurance Company building; with a voice-over apologizing for the temporary interruption "due to an attack by the supporting feature". The scene could be considered a "deleted scene" from the original short, the executives in the VBCA board room are shown discussing the meaning of life (and the fact that people are not wearing enough hats), immediately before the raid.
Behind the scenes
- According to the 2003 Monty Python's Meaning of Life DVD, this short immediately won over the audience at the Cannes Film Festival.
- Gilliam shot the film with a different cast and crew than the Meaning of Life main production (five of the members of Monty Python can be seen in brief cameos in the short: Terry Gilliam and Michael Palin washing the windows; and Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Graham Chapman early in the board room when the attack starts). Reportedly it went significantly over budget; almost double. Gilliam has defended himself by saying "nobody told me to stop". Initially planned as a five-minute sketch, it eventually expanded to half an hour. In the movie, it was edited down to 16 minutes.
- At the beginning, the building used for shooting was the Lloyd's Register (of Shipping) No.71 office in Fenchurch Street, not to be confused with the Lloyd's of London Insurance Building.
- The film's score was based on the works of Erich Wolfgang Korngold, mainly his work The Sea Hawk.
- The title is a reference to The Crimson Pirate, which was itself a comedic spoof of traditional pirate films of the period.
- The names of the various subsidiaries of the Very Big Corporation Of America are displayed in the board room, as a seemingly endless list covering the walls; the list was in fact a repeating sequence. Some of the names contain puns, or intentional in-jokes referencing other events in The Meaning of Life (such as the Live Organ Transplants sketch, which cuts to a shot of the sign painter in the board room inscribing "Liver Donors Inc." on the wall). Some of the company names that can be seen on the list are:
The Very Big Corporation of America:
- Money Factor Printers Ltd
- Super Big Ltd
- Dawking's Mining Co.
- Horace Mann and Yure Ltd
- Vast Holdings (Europe) Ltd
- Star Bright Merchandise Org.
- Black and White Picture Co. Ltd
- D.Odgey Enterprises Ltd
- Consolidated Steel Co.
- Acme Construction Company
- Doneys (Florence)
- Universal Amalgamations Ltd
- Rubber Goods Incorporated
- The All Enveloping Co. Ltd
- Walker, Walker and Jones Bros
- Better Plastics Corps
- Space Propulsion Lab
- Lange and Sons (International)
- R. Devious Inc.
- Phil Thevich Consortium
- X. Tortion World Wide Ltd
- Mirage Land Co.
- E. Normons and Sons
- Micro Computer Inc.
- Payne, Bickers and Dogood Ltd
- World Wide Wine Corp.
- A. Maze and Lee Huge
- Dickinson Kincain Association
- D. Crepid Holdings
- Interstellar Travel Corp.
- Cooper's (Purveyors)
- Wakefeld and Daughter
- Fastness and Vast Co. Ltd
- Cartwright Tutorials
- Arctic Geo. Lab. Co.
- R. J. McArthur Parks Ltd
- Stn. Pendons Ltd
- V. Rich and Son
- Liver Donors Inc.
- Moonscape Products Ltd
- Data Travel and Experiments
- O. Verpaid Associates Ltd
Films directed by Terry Gilliam 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
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