- Graham Chapman
bgcolour = silver
name = Graham Chapman
imagesize = 200px
birthname = Graham Arthur Chapman
birthdate = Birth date|1941|1|8|df=yes
Leicester, Leicestershire, England
deathdate = death date and age|1989|10|4|1941|1|8|df=yes
Maidstone, Kent, England
othername = Gray Chapman
yearsactive = ca. 1960-1989
Graham Arthur Chapman (8 January 1941 – 4 October 1989) was an English
comedian, actor, writer, physicianand one of the six members of the Monty Pythoncomedy troupe. He was also the lead actor in their two narrative films, playing King Arthurin " Monty Python and the Holy Grail" and the title character in " Monty Python's Life of Brian". He co-authored and starred in the film " Yellowbeard".
Early career (up to 1969)
Chapman was educated at Melton Mowbray Grammar School and studied medicine at
Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he began writing comedy sketches with John Cleese, who was also a Cambridge student. Chapman qualified as a medical doctorat the Barts Hospital Medical College, but never practised medicine professionally.
While at Cambridge, Chapman joined
Footlights. His fellow members included Cleese, Tim Brooke-Taylor, Bill Oddie, David Hatch, Jonathan Lynn, Humphrey Barclay, and Jo Kendall. Their revue "A Clump of Plinths" was so successful at the Edinburgh Fringe Festivalthat they renamed it "Cambridge Circus", and took the revue to the West End in Londonand later New Zealandand Broadway in September 1964. The revue appeared in October 1964 on " The Ed Sullivan Show".
Cleese and Chapman wrote professionally for the
BBCduring the 1960s, primarily for David Frost, but also for Marty Feldman. Chapman also contributed sketches to the BBC radio series " I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again" and television programmes such as " The Illustrated Weekly Hudd" (starring Roy Hudd), " Cilla Black", " This is Petula Clark", and " This is Tom Jones". Chapman, Cleese, and Tim Brooke-Taylor then joined Feldman in the television comedy series " At Last the 1948 Show". Chapman, and on occasion Cleese, also wrote for the long-running television comedy series "Doctor in the House". Chapman also co-wrote several episodes with Bernard McKenna and David Sherlock.
"Monty Python's Flying Circus"
". These were largely straight roles, but in the "Flying Circus", he had tended to specialise in characters closer to his own personality: outwardly calm, authoritative figures barely concealing a manic unpredictability.
In David Morgan's 1999 book "
Monty Python Speaks", Cleese asserted that Chapman - although officially his co-writer for many of their sketches - contributed comparatively little in the way of direct writing. Rather, the Pythons have said that his biggest contribution in the writing room was an uncanny intuition as to what was funny. Although often small, his contributions were frequently the spice that gave the sketch its flavour. In the classic "Dead Parrot Sketch", written mostly by Cleese, the frustrated customer was initially trying to return a faulty toaster to a shop. Chapman would ask "How can we make this "madder"?", and then came up with the idea that returning a dead parrot to a pet shop might make a more interesting subject than a toaster.
In the late 1970s, Chapman moved to
Los Angeles, where he guest-starred on many US television shows, including " The Hollywood Squares", " Still Crazy Like a Fox", and the NBCsketch series " The Big Show". Upon returning to Englandhe became involved with the Dangerous Sports Club(an extreme sportsclub which introduced bungee jumpingto a wide audience). He began a lengthy series of US college tours in the 1980s, where he would tell the audience anecdotes on Monty Python, the Dangerous Sports Club, Keith Moon, and other subjects. His memoir, " A Liar's Autobiography", was published in 1980 and, unusually for an autobiography, had five authors: Chapman, his partner David Sherlock, Alex Martin, David Yallopand Douglas Adams, who in 1977 was virtually unknown as a recent graduate fresh from Cambridge. Together they wrote a pilot for a TV series, "Out of the Trees"; it was aired in 1975, but never became a series. They also wrote a show for Ringo Starr, which was never made. Adams was mentored by Chapman, but they later had a falling out and did not speak for several years. It took years of planning and rewriting before the funds to create " Yellowbeard" were secured, the movie finally being released in 1983.
Chapman's last project was to have been a TV series called "
Jake's Journey". Although the pilot episodewas made, there were difficulties selling the project. Following Chapman's death, there was no interest. Chapman was also to have played a guest role as a television presenter in the " Red Dwarf" episode "Timeslides", but died before filming was to have started.
In the years since Chapman's death, despite the existence of the "Graham Chapman Archive", only a few of his projects have actually been released. One such that has, is a play entitled "O Happy Day", brought to life in 2000 by
Dad's Garage Theatre Companyin Atlanta, Georgia. Michael Palin and John Cleese assisted the theatre company in adapting the play. He also appeared in the Iron Maidenvideo, " Can I Play with Madness".
In many ways, Chapman was the epitome of public-school respectability, a tall (6'2"), craggy pipe-smoker who enjoyed mountaineering and playing rugby. At the same time, he was proudly
gayand highly eccentric ( Douglas Adamsrecalled in an interview that Chapman had told Adams he had once tired of slow service in his local pub, and had taken to slapping his penis against the bar to attract the attention of the bar staff).
Chapman was an
alcoholicfrom his time in medical school. His drinking affected his performance on the TV recording set as well as on the set of "Holy Grail", where he suffered from withdrawal symptoms including delirium tremens. He finally stopped drinking on Boxing Day1977, having just irritated the other Pythons with an outspoken (and drunken) interview with the " New Musical Express".
Chapman kept his
homosexualitya secret until the mid 1970s when he famously came out on a chat show hosted by British jazzmusician George Melly, becoming one of the first celebrities to do so. Several days later, he came out to a group of friends at a party held at his home in Belsize Parkwhere he officially introduced them to his partner, David Sherlock, whom he had met in Ibizain 1966. Chapman later told a story in his college tour that when he made his homosexuality public, a member of the television audience wrote to the Pythons to complain that she had heard a member of the team was gay, adding that the Bible said any man that lies with a man should be taken out and stoned. With fellow Pythons already aware of his sexual orientation, Eric Idlereplied, "We've found out who it was and we've had him shot."
Chapman was a vocal spokesman for gay rights, and in 1972 he lent his support to the fledgling newspaper "
Gay News", which publicly acknowledged his financial and editorial support by listing him as one of its "special friends".
Among Chapman's closest friends were
Keith Moonof The Who, singer Harry Nilsson, and Beatle Ringo Starr.
During his 'drinking days', Chapman jokingly referred to himself as the British actress
Betty Marsden, possibly because of Marsden's oft-quoted desire to die with a glass of ginin her hand.
Chapman died of a rare
spinal cancer. It was diagnosed in November 1988 after Chapman's dentist found a growth on his tonsils. By September 1989 the cancer was declared incurable. He filmed scenes for the 20th anniversary of Monty Python that month, but was taken ill again on 1 October. Present when he died in a Maidstone Hospice on the evening of 4 October 1989 were John Cleese, Michael Palin, David Sherlock, his brother John, and John's wife, although Cleese had to be led out of the room to deal with his grief. ["The Pythons Autobiography"] Terry Jonesand Peter Cookhad visited earlier that day. Chapman's death occurred one day before the 20th anniversary of the first broadcast of "Flying Circus"; Terry Jonescalled it “the worst case of party-pooping in all history."
memorial servicewas held for Graham Chapman on the evening of 6 December in the Great Hall at St Bartholomew's Hospital. Cleese delivered the eulogy; after his initial remarks, which parodied the "Dead Parrot" sketch, he said of his former colleague: “…good riddance to him, the freeloading bastard, I hope he fries!”, and then pointed out that Chapman would have been disappointed if Cleese had passed on the opportunity to scandalise the audience. [cite web| last = Cleese| first = John| authorlink = John Cleese| title = Graham Chapman's Memorial Speech| date = | url =http://www.eulogyspeech.net/famous-eulogies/Graham-Chapman-Memorial-Speech-by-John-Cleese.shtml
accessdate = 2008-03-13] [cite video | url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fsHk9WC7fnQ | title=Graham Chapman's funeral | medium=Video | format=.SWF | year=1989 | people=John Cleese, Eric Idle | location=London, England | publisher=YouTube | accessdate= 2007-01-20 ( [http://www.geocities.com/fang_club/chapman_memorial.html transcript] )] He explained that Chapman would have been offended had Cleese, the first person to say "shit" on British television, not used Chapman's own funeral as an opportunity to also become the first person at a British memorial service to use the word "fuck". Afterward, Cleese joined Gilliam, Jones, and Palin along with Chapman's other friends as Idle led them in a rendition of "
Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" from the film "Monty Python's Life of Brian" (not to be outdone by Cleese, Idle was heard to say during the song's close, "I'd like to be the last person here to say "'fuck'").
On 31 December 1999 Chapman's ashes were rumoured to have been "blasted into the skies in a rocket", [cite news | url=http://newsvote.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/590559.stm | title=Python star Chapman's flying ashes | work=BBC News | date=4 January 2000 | accessdate=2007-07-01] [cite news | url=http://www.space.com/sciencefiction/tv/chapman_in_space_000103.html | title=Monty Python Member's Ashes Missing; Rocket Blamed | work=Space.com | date=3 January 2000 | accessdate=2007-07-01] though actually, Sherlock scattered Chapman's ashes on
Snowdon, North Wales on 18 June 2005.
The remaining Python members have acknowledged that Chapman was difficult to work with. After his death, speculation of a Python revival inevitably faded, with Idle saying, "we would only do a reunion if Chapman came back from the dead. So we're negotiating with his agent". Subsequent gatherings of the Pythons have actually been accompanied by an urn, said to contain Chapman's ashes. At the 1998 Aspen Comedy Arts festival, the urn was 'accidentally' knocked over by
Terry Gilliam, spilling the 'ashes' on-stage. The cremainswere then removed with a dust-buster. [cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/63795.stm | title=And now for something completely different (and plenty that isn't) | work=BBC News | date= 9 March 1998| accessdate=2007-07-01]
9617 Grahamchapman, named in Chapman's honour, is the first in a series of six asteroids carrying the names of members of the Monty Python comedy troupe.
In 1997, David Sherlock allowed Jim Yoakum to start the "Graham Chapman Archives". Later that year, the novel "" was released. It is a semi-sequel to "A Liar's Autobiography", with Chapman works compiled by Yoakum. A collection of unpublished material has been released in 1999, "Ojril: The Completely Incomplete Graham Chapman", containing scripts Graham wrote with Douglas Adams and others, such as "Our show for Ringo Starr, a.k.a. Goodnight Vienna". And in 2005 "Calcium Made Interesting: Sketches, Letters, Essays & Gondolas" was published. At one time, the script for "Out of the trees", written by Chapman and Adams in 1975 (and later extensively rewritten by Chapman with Bernard McKenna), was online, but Jim Yoakum had it removed, to the disappointment of the fans of Monty Python and also of co-writer Douglas Adams, who had made no objections to it being there. The debate that followed did nothing promote the legacy of Graham Chapman, and cast some doubt about the erratic way in which Jim Yoakum, who had only known Graham Chapman superficially, was handling his literary estate. Jim did however start his own website, called the Graham Chapman Archives, demanding people to turn in any rare recordings featuring Graham Chapman they might have, but the site never offered any real biographical information or other materials, and it has since disappeared from the web.
Graham Chapman's college tours in the 1980s had been recorded and these were released over the years by Yoakum. The CD "A Liar Live" was delayed several times, but was released as "A Six Pack of Lies" in 1997. Other, almost identical, college tours also came out on CD, such as "Spot the Loony" in 2001. A DVD of the tours ("
Looks Like a Brown Trouser Job") was released in 2005. The single episodes for "Out of the trees", which was wiped but later recovered on an early home video system, and "Jake's Journey" still remain to be released.
In 2004 there was talk of a movie about the life of Graham Chapman, to be called "Gin and Tonic", by Hippofilms in cooperation with Jim Yoakum. Auditions were held in march 2004 in California, [http://www.dailyllama.com/news/2004/llama227.html] but since then the project died silently, it isn't clear when exactly it has been officially abandoned. Its website is no longer online and the IMDB page has been deleted; the website for the Graham Chapman Archive has disappeared as well.
*Graham Chapman at [http://pythonline.com/meet/chapman PythOnline Pythons Page]
*Graham Chapman at [http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/guide/talent/c/chapman_graham.shtml the BBC Comedy Guide]
*Graham Chapman at [http://www.comedy-zone.net/standup/comedian/c/chapman-graham.htm the Comedy Zone]
*Graham Chapman at [http://www.fyne.co.uk/index.php?item=461 Gay Greats]
*Find A Grave|id=8108
NAME=Chapman, Graham Arthur
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Chapman, Graham
SHORT DESCRIPTION=British comedian
DATE OF BIRTH=birth date|1941|1|8|df=y
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Leicester, Leicestershire, England
DATE OF DEATH=death date|1989|10|4|df=y
PLACE OF DEATH=
Maidstone, Kent, England
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.