Celiac plexus

Celiac plexus
Nerve: Celiac plexus
The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. (Label for celiac plexus at center right.)
The celiac ganglia with the sympathetic plexuses of the abdominal viscera radiating from the ganglia. (Label for celiac plexus at top center.)
Latin plexus coeliacus
Gray's subject #220 985
From celiac branches of vagus nerve
MeSH Celiac+Plexus

The celiac plexus or coeliac plexus, also known as the solar plexus, is a complex network of nerves (a plexus) located in the abdomen, where the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, and renal arteries branch from the abdominal aorta. It is behind the stomach and the omental bursa, and in front of the crura of the diaphragm, on the level of the first lumbar vertebra, L1.

The plexus is formed (in part) by the greater and lesser splanchnic nerves of both sides, and also parts of the right vagus nerve.

The celiac plexus proper consists of the celiac ganglia with a network of interconnecting fibers. The aorticorenal ganglia are often considered to be part of the celiac ganglia, and thus, part of the plexus.


Related plexuses

Approximate location of the celiac plexus on the coronal plane

The celiac plexus includes a number of smaller plexuses:

Other plexuses that are derived from the celiac plexus:

Clinical significance

Lower half of right sympathetic cord

The celiac plexus is often popularly referred to as the solar plexus, generally in the context of a blow to the stomach. In many of these cases, it is not the celiac plexus itself being referred to, but rather the region where it is located. A blow to the stomach can upset this region. This can cause the diaphragm to spasm, resulting in difficulty in breathing—a sensation commonly known as "getting the wind knocked out of you". A blow to this region can also affect the celiac plexus itself, possibly interfering with the functioning of the viscera, as well as causing great pain.

A celiac plexus block by means of fluoroscopically guided injection is sometimes used to treat intractable pain from cancers[1] such as pancreatic cancer. Frequently, celiac plexus block is performed by pain management specialists and radiologists, with CT scans for guidance. Intractable pain related to chronic pancreatitis is an important indication for celiac plexus ablation.

See also


  1. ^ Garcia-Eroles X, Mayoral V, Montero A, Serra J, Porta J (2007). "Celiac plexus block: a new technique using the left lateral approach". The Clinical journal of pain 23 (7): 635–7. doi:10.1097/AJP.0b013e31812e6aa8. PMID 17710015. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • celiac plexus — n a nerve plexus that is situated in the abdomen behind the stomach and in front of the aorta and the crura of the diaphragm, surrounds the celiac artery and the root of the superior mesenteric artery, contains several ganglia of which the most… …   Medical dictionary

  • celiac plexus neurolysis — lysis of the nerves originating in the celiac plexus, done for intractable pain in the stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, or other organs of the upper abdomen …   Medical dictionary

  • celiac plexus — Anat. See solar plexus (def. 1). [1830 40] * * * …   Universalium

  • celiac plexus — Anat. See solar plexus (def. 1). [1830 40] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Celiac — (or coeliac in British English) may refer to: Coeliac disease Celiac artery Celiac lymph nodes Celiac plexus This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • plexus aorticus thoracalis — plexus aorticus thoracicus [TA] thoracic aortic plexus: a nerve plexus around the thoracic aorta formed by filaments from the sympathetic trunks and vagus nerves, and from which fine twigs accompany branches of the aorta. It is continuous below… …   Medical dictionary

  • Celiac ganglia — Nerve: Celiac ganglia The celiac ganglia with the sympathetic plexuses of the abdominal viscera radiating from the ganglia. (Celiac ganglion labeled at center right.) …   Wikipedia

  • Celiac branches of vagus nerve — Nerve: Celiac branches of vagus nerve Latin rami coeliaci nervi vagi From anterior gastric branches of anterior vagal trunk, posterior gastric branches of posterior vagal trunk To celiac plexus The celiac (or coeliac) branches of vagus …   Wikipedia

  • plexus coeliacus — 1. [TA] celiac plexus: a prevertebral plexus that lies on the front and sides of the aorta at the origins of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric and renal arteries. It contains the paired celiac ganglia, the superior mesenteric ganglion (or… …   Medical dictionary

  • Plexus solaris — Solarplexus Der Solarplexus, anatomisch Plexus solaris (lat., dt. Sonnengeflecht, im Englischen auch Celiac Plexus genannt), ist ein autonomes Geflecht sympathischer und parasympathischer Nervenfasern. Die parasympathischen Anteile stammen aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”