Middle cervical ganglion

Middle cervical ganglion
Nerve: Middle cervical ganglion
Diagram of the cervical sympathetic. (Lower cervical ganglion labeled at center right.)
Latin ganglion cervicale medium
Gray's subject #216 979
Innervates thyroid
From middle cardiac nerve

The middle cervical ganglion is the smallest of the three cervical ganglia, and is occasionally absent.

It is placed opposite the sixth cervical vertebra, usually in front of, or close to, the inferior thyroid artery.

It is probably formed by the coalescence of two ganglia corresponding to the fifth and sixth cervical nerves.

It sends gray rami communicantes to the fifth and sixth cervical nerves, and gives off the middle cardiac nerve.


  1. Gray Rami Communicantes to the anterior rami of the fifth and sixth cervical nerves.
  2. Thyroid Branches which pass along the inferior thyroid artery to the thyroid gland.
  3. The middle cardiac branch, which descends in the neck and ends in the cardiac plexus in the thorax

See also

External links

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