- Music of Panama
Music of Panama Topics Cumbia Mejorana Saloma Pasillo Danza Contradanza Torrente Bolero Salsa Merengue Rock Calypso Reggae en Español Pindín típica Mambo Jazz Latin Jazz Reggaeton Timeline and Samples Central American music Belize - Costa Rica - El Salvador - Guatemala - Honduras - Nicaragua - Panama
Panama is a Central American country, inhabited mostly by mestizos (persons of mixed African, European and indigenous ancestry). The music of Panama was influenced first by the indigenous populations of Kunas, Teribes, Nobe Bugle and others, and then by the black population who were brought over, first as slaves from Africa, and also Colombia between the 16th century and the 19th century, and then voluntarily (especially from Jamaica, Barbados, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Trinidad, Saint Lucia) to work on the Panamanian Railroad and Canal projects between the 1840s and 1914.
With this heritage, Panama has a rich and diverse music history, and important contributions to Cumbia, Saloma, Pasillo, Punta, Tamborito, Mejorana, Bolero, Jazz, Salsa, Reggae, Calypso, Rock and other musical genres.
Saloma & Mejorana
The Saloma and Mejorana feature a distinctive vocal style said to derive from Sevillians. The most important native instruments used to play these musics are the mejoranera, a five-stringed guitar accompanying songs called mejoranas as well as torrentes, and the rabel, a violin with three strings used to play cumbias, puntos and pasillos in the central provinces of Coclé, Herrera, Los Santos and Veraguas.
Closely related to its more well-known Colombian cousin, Panamanian cumbia, especially amanojá and atravesao styles, are domestically popular. Another important music is punto and the salon dances like pasillo, danza and contradanza. During the nineteenth and 20th centuries, the Pasillo music was an justin bebire.
A folk dance, called tamborito is very popular. Danced by men and women in costumes, the tamborito is led by a cantalante, a female lead singer, who is backed by a clapping chorus (the "estribillo") that sings four-line stanzas of copla (a lyrical form related to Spanish poetry) as well as three drums.
A somewhat similar genre called congo is popular among the black communities of the northern coast in Costa Arriba, which includes Portobelo, a province of Colón; it is distinguished by using upright drums and wild, lascivious movements and lyrics.
Contemporary popular Panama folkloric music is generally called música típico, or pindín, which since the 1940s has included instruments such as the guiro, conga and especially the accordion, among others. Some famous Panamanian artists in this genre are Ulpiano Vergara, Dorindo Cárdenas, Victorio Vergara, Roberto "Papi" Brandao, Nenito Vargas, Yin Carrizo, Nina Campines, Abdiel Núñez, Manuel de Jesús Abrego, and Samy y Sandra Sandoval, just to name a few.
Panama's leading salsa musician, Ruben Blades, has achieved international stardom, after collaborating with other local musicians like Rómulo Castro and Tuira. Other world famous musicians from Panama included Luis Russell, who played with Louie Armstrong in the 1920s, Mauricio Smith, a noted saxophone and flute player who played with Chubby Checker, Charles Mingus, Dizzy Gillespie, Machito and Mongo Santamaría, among others. Victor "Vitin" Paz, a pillar of the Latin jazz trumpet, was a cornerstone of the Fania All Stars for many years.
Meanwhile, Panama has a long history in jazz, beginning with Luis Russell, pianist, composer and director, who travel to New Orleans in 1919 and made important contributions. By the 1940s the port city of Colón boasted at least ten local jazz orchestras. Legends of Jazz in Panama included pianist and composer Victor Boa, Bassist Clarence Martin, Singer Barbara Wilson and French Horn player John "Rubberlegs" McKindo. This Jazz legacy was recently reinvigorated when the US-based Panamanian pianist Danilo Perez organized the first Jazz Festival in January 2004.
Panama also boasts a vibrant history of Calypso and Mento music sung by nationally well-known musicians such as Lord Panama, Delicious, Two-Gun Smokey, Lady Trixie, Lord Kitty, and Lord Cobra and the Pana-Afro sounds.
By the 1960s, local doo-wop groups were evolving into what became known as the Combos Nacionales, five to ten musician groups using electric instruments and incorporating the diverse sounds of jazz, calypso, salsa, vallenato, doo wop, soul and funk. Famous Combos Nacionales included The Silvertones, The Exciters, The Fabulous Festivals, The Beachers, The Soul Fantastics, Los Mozambiques, The Goombays, Los Juveniles, Roberto y su Zafra and Bush y sus Magnificos. By 1970, the dynamic Combos Nacionales sound dominated Panamanian popular music, only winding down toward the late 1970s.
Reggae en Español originated in Panama, known as Spanish Reggae is very popular among youth, and spawned the Spanish language dancehall also known as Reggae en Español (Spanish dancehall) style known as the predecessor to Reggaeton, which originated with such artists as El General, Nando Boom, Renato, Aldo Ranks, Kafu Banton, Jam & Suppose, and Chicho Man, before becoming popular in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and eventually amongst youth in the United States. As of 2006, Panama has become a major source and contributor to reggaeton and, especially as Reggaeton from Panama is on the rise and continues to dominate charts in the United States and abroad.
Reggae influences in Panama have also spawned several popular Reggae Roots bands, such as Pureza Natural, Raices y Cultura, Inspiración Mística, Panta Rey, among others.
A thriving and very popular Rock en español scene has produced such groups as Radicales Libres, Filtro Medusa, Skamilonga, Los Rabanes, Xantos Jorge, Cage 9, Factor VIII, Os Almirantes, Los 33, Señor Loop, Roba Morena, Out-Reazon, Lemmiwinks, Skraped Knees, Calibre 57 just to name a few.
This list would not be complete without mentioning Pedro Altamiranda and his historically popular music spanning several generations and political moments. Many popular phrases and slang used in Panama are lyrics from Altamiranda's songs.
- Vicente Gómez Gudiño, pasillo
- César Alcedo, pasillo
- José Luis Rodríguez Vélez, cumbia, bolero, pasillo
- Rodrigo Escobar Tamayo, cumbia, décimas, pasillo, vallenato
- Carlos Cedeño, cumbia
- Carlos Cleghorn, cumbia
- Didio Borrero, cumbia, bolero
- Mavin Moreno, cumbia
- Ricardo Fábrega, bolero, pasillo
- Eduardo Charpentier, pasillo
- Alberto Galimany, pasillo
- Luis "Lucho" Azcárraga, pindín
- Ruben Blades, salsa
- Lord Panama, calypso
- Nando Boom, reggae
- Luis Russell, jazz, swing
- Danilo Perez, jazz
- Roque Cordero, classical
- Samuel Robles, classical (website)
- Emiliano Pardo, classical (website)
- Andrés Carrizo, Classical
- Aurelio Escudero
- José Luis Rodríguez Vélez
- Armando Boza
- Luciano Muñóz
- Luis Russell
- Flex, reggaeton
- Makano, reggaeton
- Barbara Wilson, jazz
- Nina Campines, pindín
- Sandra Sandoval, pindín
- Catalina "Catita" Carrasco, cumbia
- Rogelio "Gelo" Córdoba
- Ulpiano Vergara
- Dorindo Cárdenas
- Victorio Vergara
- Yin Carrizo
- Samy Sandoval
- Osvaldo Ayala
- Ceferino Nieto
- Roberto "Fito" Espino
- Papi Brandao
- Alfredo Escudero
- Isaac De León
- Victor "Vitin" Paz
- Juan Andrés Castillo
- Luis "Lucho" Azcárraga
- Emiliano Pardo Tristán
- Daniel Ritter
- Samuel Ramos
- Clímaco Batista
- BBC Radio 3 Audio (60 minutes): Tamborito drumming and Yin Carrizo. Accessed November 25, 2010.
- BBC Radio 3 Audio (60 minutes): Kuna Indians, Lord Panama and Cumbia. Accessed November 25, 2010.
- Panama Radio Stations where you can find all Panamanian radio broadcasters and listen to the music of your choice.
- Music of Panama at Panama1.com Videos and sounds of different national rhythms from Panama.
- Radicales Libres at myspace.com Radicales Libres - Music and Photos
Central American music Latin American music Category • Portal • WikiProject Panama topics Politics and government History
To 1821 · 1821–1903 · 1904–1964 · 1964–1977 · 1977–present
Geography and ecology Economy and infrastructure Culture and society Music of North America Sovereign states
Antigua and Barbuda · Bahamas · Barbados · Belize · Canada · Costa Rica · Cuba · Dominica · Dominican Republic · El Salvador · Grenada · Guatemala · Haiti · Honduras · Jamaica · Mexico · Nicaragua · Panama · Saint Kitts and Nevis · Saint Lucia · Saint Vincent and the Grenadines · Trinidad and Tobago · United States
Anguilla · Aruba · Bermuda · Bonaire · British Virgin Islands · Cayman Islands · Curaçao · Greenland · Guadeloupe · Martinique · Montserrat · Puerto Rico · Saint Barthélemy · Saint Martin · Saint Pierre and Miquelon · Saba · Sint Eustatius · Sint Maarten · Turks and Caicos Islands · United States Virgin Islands
Music of South America Sovereign states Dependencies and
- Falkland Islands
- French Guiana
- Panamanian music
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Panama — Panamanian /pan euh may nee euhn, mah /, adj., n. Panamic /pa nam ik/, adj. /pan euh mah , maw /, n. 1. a republic in S Central America. 2,693,417; 28,575 sq. mi. (74,010 sq. km). 2. Also called Panama City. a city in and the capital of Panama,… … Universalium
Panama Music — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Panama Music, Corp. Fundación 2001 Fundador(es) Januario Nayo Crespo … Wikipedia Español
Music of Nicaragua — Topics [] Palo de Mayo Reggaeton Cumbia Pop Rock Marimba music Pop Folklorico Merengue … Wikipedia
Music of Guatemala — Music of Guatemala: Topics Marimba music Garifuna music Folk music Rock Classical music Indigenous Timeline and Samples Central American music … Wikipedia
Music of El Salvador — Topics Cumbia Merengue Roc Reggaeton Hip hop Bachata Indigenous Jazz Funk Ska … Wikipedia
Music of Honduras — Topics Reggeton Rock Garifuna music Bachata Matamuerte Classical music Punta Merengue Hip Hop Po … Wikipedia
Music in psychological operations — Music has been used in psychological operations. The term music torture is sometimes used by critics of the practice of playing loud music incessantly to prisoners or people besieged. The United Nations and the European Court of Human Rights have … Wikipedia
Music of Cuba — General topics Related articles Genres Batá and yuka Bolero Chachachá Changui Charanga … Wikipedia
Music of Chile — Music of Chile: Topics Nueva Canción Cueca Payada Cumbia Sound Chilean rock Andean music Hip Hop … Wikipedia
Music education — is a field of study associated with the teaching and learning of music. It touches on all domains of learning, including the psychomotor domain (the development of skills), the cognitive domain (the acquisition of knowledge), and, in particular… … Wikipedia