Latin Jazz

Latin Jazz

Latin jazz is the general term given to music that combines rhythms from African and Latin American countries with jazz and classical harmonies from Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe and United States.

The two main categories of Latin Jazz are Brazilian and Afro-Cuban.
* Brazilian Latin Jazz includes bossa nova
* Afro-Cuban Latin Jazz includes salsa, merengue, songo, son, mambo, Timba, bolero, charanga and cha cha cha.

One of the contribution of Latins (Latinos in Spanish) to America, Latin jazz was further popularized in the late 1940s. Dizzy Gillespie and Stan Kenton began to combine the rhythm section and structure of Afro-Cuban music, exemplified by Machito and His Afro-Cubans, whose musical director Mario Bauza created the first Latin jazz composition "Tanga" on May 31, 1943, with jazz instruments and solo improvisational ideas. On March 31, 1946, Stan Kenton recorded "Machito," written by his collaborator / arranger Pete Rugolo, which is considered by many to be the first Latin jazz recording by American jazz musicians. The Kenton band was augmented by Ivan Lopez on bongos and Eugenio Reyes on maracas. Later, on December 6th of the same year, Stan Kenton recorded an arrangement of the Afro-Cuban tune The Peanut Vendor with members of Machito's rhythm section. In September of 1947, Dizzy Gillespie collaborated with Machito conga player Chano Pozo to perform the "Afro-Cuban Drums Suite" at Carnegie Hall. This was the first concert to feature an American band playing Afro-Cuban jazz and Pozo remained in Gillespie's Orchestra to produce "Cubana Be, Cubana Bop" among others.

In comparison with traditional jazz, Latin jazz employs straight rhythm, rather than swung rhythm. Latin jazz rarely employs a backbeat, using a form of the clave instead. The conga, timbale, güiro, and claves are percussion instruments which often contribute to a Latin sound.

Samba originated from nineteenth century Afro-Brazilian music such as the Lundu. It employs a modified form of the clave. Bossa Nova is a hybrid music based on the samba rhythm, but influenced by European and American music from Debussy to US jazz. Bossa Nova originated in the 1960s, largely from the efforts of Brazilians Antonio Carlos Jobim and João Gilberto, and American Stan Getz. Its most famous song is arguably The Girl from Ipanema sung by Gilberto and his wife, Astrud Gilberto.

Latin jazz music, like most types of jazz music, can be played in small or large groups. Small groups, or combos, often use the Be-bop format made popular in the 1950s in America, where the musicians play a standard melody, many of the musicians play an improvised solo, and then everyone plays the melody again. In Latin jazz bands, percussion often takes a center stage during a solo, and a conga or timbale can add a melodic line to any performance.

External links

Latin Jazz on Film/Video/DVD
* [http://www.calle54film.com/ "Calle 54" - Fernando Trueba's Latin Jazz Movie ]

Latin Jazz websites/blogs
* [http://www.chipboaz.com/blog Chip Boaz' "The Latin Jazz Corner"]

Latin Jazz radio programs
* [http://www.tiempolatinolatinjazz.com Tiempo Latino is Latin Jazz Radio with Danny VillaBlanca - WMUH 91.7 FM - Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania]
* [http://www.icebergradio.com/latinjazz Latin Jazz Online Radio]
* [http://www.kcsm.org "The Latin Jazz Show" with Chuy Varela - KCSM 91.1 FM - San Mateo, CA]
* [http://www.kuvo.org "Lunchtime @ the Oasis" with Arturo Gomez-Cruz - KUVO 89.3 FM - Denver, CO]
* [http://www.kpfa.org "Con Sabor" with Luis Medina - KPFA 94.1FM - Berekely, CA]
* [http://www.kpoofmsf.com "Con Clave" with Chata Gutierrez - KPOO 89.5FM - San Francisco, CA]
* [http://www.cantotropical.com "Canto Tropical" with Héctor "La Voz" Resendez - KPFK 90.7 FM - Los Angeles, CA]
* [http://www.ozcatradio.com "Latin/Jazz Mecca" with C'Tone - Ozcat Radio - Vallejo, CA]
* [http://www.jazzandblues.org/index.aspx "Jazz on the Latin Side" with Jose Rizo - KJAZ 88.1FM - Long Beach, CA]
* [http://www.almacaribenaradio.com "Alma Caribeña" with Lady DJ Margarita - KBBF 89.1 FM - Santa Rosa, CA]
* [http://www.wbai.org "Ritmo Con Ache" with Nancy Rodriguez - WBAI 99.5 FM - New York City, NY]
* [http://kbcs.fm "Al Lado Latino" with 'JC' Johnny Conga - KBCS 91.3 FM - Seattle, WA]
* [http://www.wxdu.org "Azucar y Candela" with Santa Salsera - WXDU 88.7 FM - Durham, NC]
* [http://www.wbgo.org "Latin Jazz Cruise" with Awilda Rivera - WBGO 88.3 FM - Newark, NJ]
* [http://www.krtu.org "Latin Jazz Brunch" with Henry Brun - KRTU 91.7 FM - San Antonio, TX]
* [http://www.kunm.org "Raices" with Louis Head - KUNM 89.9 - Albuquerque, NM]
* [http://www.andyharlow.com/music.html "La Musica Brava" & "The Latin Quarter" - WDNA 88.9 FM - Miami, FL]
* [http://www.wmnf.org "WMNF/Latin Jazz & Salsa" with Luis "Speedy" Gonzalez - WMNF 88.5 FM - Tampa, FL]
* [http://www.wclk.com "Latin Aura" with Tomas Algarín - WCLK 91.9 FM - Atlanta, GA]
* [http://www.wruw.org "Latin Perspective" with Tony V - WRUW 91.1 FM - Cleveland, OH]
* [http://www.kxci.org "Onda Suave" with Ernesto Portillo Jr. - KXCI, 91.3-FM - Tucson, AZ]
* [http://www.ktep.org "Salsa Caliente" - KTEP 88.5 FM - El Paso, TX]
* [http://www.wbez.org "Voz Latina" with Lisa Levy - WBEZ 91.5 FM - Chicago, IL]
* [http://www.wjycbroadcast.com "Jazz Y Clave" with Mike Villafane - WJYC Whiting, NJ]
* [http://www.wrti.org "El Viaje" with David Ortiz - WRTI 90.1 FM - Philadelphia, PA]
* [http://www.wwoz.org "Tiene Sabor" with Yolanda Estrada - WWOZ 90.7 FM - New Orleans, LA]
* [http://www.vinilemania.net/latinjazzradio.htm More US and International Latin Jazz radio listings at: http://www.vinilemania.net/latinjazzradio.htm]


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