Spanish poetry

Spanish poetry

Spanish poetry is the poetic tradition of Spain. It may include elements of Spanish literature, and literatures written in languages of Spain other than Castilian, such as Catalan literature.

See also: Spanish American poetry.

Early Middle Ages

* Mozarab Jarchas, the first expression of Spanish poetry, in Mozárabe dialect

*Mester de Juglaría
** Cantar de Mio Cid

*Mester de Clerecía
** Juan Ruiz, Arcipreste de Hita
** Gonzalo de Berceo

*Troubadours
*Xohán de Cangas
*Palla (troubadour)
*Paio Soares de Taveirós

Middle Ages

*Macías
*Pero Ferrus
*Juan Rodríguez de la Cámara
*Alfonso Martínez de Toledo, Arcipreste de Talavera
*Jorge Manrique

Arabic & Hebrew Poetry during the Moorish Period

*The Alhambra Poets:
** Ibn al-Yayyab
** Ibn Zamrak
** Ibn al-Khatib
* Ibn Sahl of Sevilla
* Ibn Hazm of Córdoba
* Ibn Gabirol
* Moses ibn Ezra
* Abraham ibn Ezra
* Ibn Quzman
* Ibn Arabi

After 1492

*Anonymous writers of the "Romancero"
* Juan Boscán
* Gutierre de Cetina
* Alonso de Ercilla
* Santa Teresa de Jesús
* San Juan de la Cruz
* Fernando de Herrera
* Garcilaso de la Vega
* Juan del Encina
* Fray Luis de León
* Diego Hurtado de Mendoza
* Lope de Rueda
* Marqués de Santillana
* Jorge Manrique
* Ausiàs March (in Valencian)
* Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz


=The Golden Century ("El Siglo de Oro")=

* Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas
* Luis de Góngora y Argote
* Félix Lope de Vega Carpio
* Pedro Calderón de la Barca

Romanticism

* Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer
* Rosalía de Castro (in Galician and Spanish)
* José de Espronceda

1898 until 1926

The Generation of 1898 writers were mostly novelists but some were poets.

* Antonio Machado
* Manuel Machado
*Ultraism

1927 until 1936

The Generation of 1927 were mostly poets. Many were also involved with the production of music and theatre plays.

* Rafael Alberti
* Vicente Aleixandre
* Dámaso Alonso
* Luis Cernuda
* Manuel de Falla; influential on poets, for his vision of Moorish Spain
* Juan Ramón Jiménez
* Federico García Lorca
* Jorge Guillen
* Emilio Prados
* Pedro Salinas

1939 until 1975

Poets during the World War II and under General Franco in peacetime:

* Luis Buñuel
* Ángel Crespo
* Jaime Gil de Biedma
* Carlos Edmundo de Ory
* León Felipe
* Ángel González
* Miguel Hernández
* José Hierro
* Lluis Llach
* Leopoldo Panero
* José María Pemán

1975 until present

Post-Franco and Contemporary Spanish Poets:

*Blanca Andreu
*María Victoria Atencia
*Felipe Benítez Reyes
*Carlos Bousoño
*Francisco Brines
*José María Caballero Bonald
*Matilde Camus
*Antonio Colinas
*Aurora de Albornoz
*Luis Alberto de Cuenca
*Francisco Domene
*Gloria Fuertes
*Vicente Gallego
*Antonio Gamoneda
*José Agustín Goitisolo
*Diego Jesús Jiménez
*Chantal Maillard
*Antonio Martínez Sarrión
*Carlos Marzal
*Bruno Mesa
*Juan Carlos Mestre
*Luis García Montero
*Luis Javier Moreno
*Lorenzo Oliván
*Leopoldo María Panero
*Francisco Pino
*Juan Vicente Nuevo Piqueras
*Claudio Rodríguez
*Ángel Rupérez
*Jaime Siles
*Jenaro Talens
*Andrés Trapiello
*José Miguel Ullán
*José Ángel Valente
*Álvaro Valverde
*José Antonio de Villena
*Luisa Castro
*Isla Correyero
*Clara Janés
*Ana Rossetti
*Rafael Pérez Estrada

ee also

*List of Spanish language poets
*Latin American poetry
*Arabic poetry
*List of Catalan language poets

Further reading

* D. Gareth Walters. "The Cambridge Introduction to Spanish Poetry: Spain & Spanish America". (2002).

* Linda Fish Compton. "Andalusian Lyric poetry and Old Spanish Love Songs" (1976) (includes translations of some of the medieval anthology of love poems, compiled by Ibn Sana al-Mulk, the "Dar al-tiraz").

* Emilio Garcia Gomez. (Ed.) "In Praise of Boys: Moorish Poems from Al-Andalus" (1975).

* Paul Halsall has [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/pwh/gayhistbib.html a bibliography] online, listing journal articles in English on medieval poetry in Spain.


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