- Septal nuclei
Brain: Septal area Latin nuclei septales NeuroNames hier-241 BAMS SEPTAL-NUCLEI
The septal area (medial olfactory area) are structures that lie below the rostrum of corpus callosum in front of lamina terminalis (the layer of gray matter in the brain connecting the optic chiasma and the anterior commissure where the latter becomes continuous with the rostral lamina), composed of medium-size neurons grouped into medial, lateral, and posterior groups. The septal nuclei receive reciprocal connections from the olfactory bulb, hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, midbrain, habenula, cingulate gyrus, and thalamus. The septal area (medial olfactory area) has no relation to the smell, but it is considered a pleasure zone in animals. The septal nuclei play a role in reward and reinforcement along with the nucleus accumbens. In the 1950s, Olds & Milner showed that rats with electrodes implanted in this area will self-stimulate repeatedly in order to experience a euphoric feeling (i.e. press a bar to receive electrical current that will stimulate the neurons).
To be more specific:
The dorsal septum projects to the lateral preoptic area, lateral hypothalamus, periventricular hypothalamus and midline thalamus.
Fibers from the ventral half of the septum project topographically to the hippocampal formation, thalamus, hypothalamus and midbrain. Specifically, neurons located along the midline in the vertical limb of the diagonal band of broca project through the dorsal fornix to all CA fields of the dorsal hippocampus and adjacent subicular cortex. Other fibers from this region project through the stria medullaris to the medial and lateral habenular nuclei, the paratenial and anteromedial nucleus of the thalamus, and through the medial forebrain bundle to the pars posterior of the medial mammillary nucleus.
Cells located in the intermediolateral septum also project through the lateral part of the fimbria to all CA fields of the ventral hippocampus and adjacent subicular and entorhinal cortices. These cells also send fibers through the stria medullaris to the lateral habenular nucleus and mediodorsal thalamic nucleus. Other axons arising from these cells descend through the medial forebrain bundle to terminate in a region dorsal to the interpeduncular nucleus.
Fibers from the most lateral part of the ventral septum (i.e., bed nucleus of the anterior commissure) project through the stria terminalis to the ventral subiculum. In addition, cells located in the horizontal limb of the diagonal band project massively to the pars posterior of the medial mammillary nucleus, the ventral tegmental area, and amygdala.
most of the article are quoted from neuroanatomy book of mansoura faculty of medicine(Egypt),The rest references in
- ^ . Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain. J Comp Physiol Psychol. 1954 Dec;47(6):419-27.
Human brain, cerebrum, Interior of the cerebral hemispheres, white matter: commissural fibers and septum (TA A14.1.09.241–271, 569–571, GA 9.828, 838–840) Corpus callosum
Genu · Splenium · Tapetum · RostrumArchicortex: Indusium griseum
Lamina terminalis Fornix Septum pellucidumSeptal nuclei (Medial septal nucleus, Subfornical organ) · Cave of septum pellucidum
1. OLDS, J., MILNER, P. - Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain. J Comp Physiol Psychol, 1954, Dec;47(6):419-27.Categories:
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