- Canandaigua (city), New York
This article is about the city. For the town, see Canandaigua (town), New York. For the lake, see Canandaigua Lake.
Canandaigua, New York — City — Coordinates: 42°53′10″N 77°16′54″W / 42.88611°N 77.28167°WCoordinates: 42°53′10″N 77°16′54″W / 42.88611°N 77.28167°W Country United States State New York County Ontario Government – Type Council-Manager – Mayor Ellen Polimeni (D) – City Manager Kay W. James – City CouncilMembers' List Area – Total 4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2) – Land 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2) – Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2) Elevation 787 ft (240 m) Population (2000) – Total 11,264 – Density 2,447.0/sq mi (9,450.0/km2) Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP codes 14424-14425 Area code(s) 585 FIPS code 36-12144 GNIS feature ID 0945739
Canandaigua (Utaʼnaráhkhwaʼ in Tuscarora) is a city in Ontario County, New York, USA, of which it is the county seat. The population was 11,264 at the 2000 census. The name Canandaigua is derived from the Seneca name spelled variously Kanandarque, Ganondagan, Ga-nun-da-gwa, or in a modern transcription, tganǫdæ:gwęh, which means "the chosen spot", or "at the chosen town".
The City of Canandaigua, the Ontario County seat, is located next to the Town of Canandaigua. Parts of six neighboring towns also share the Canandaigua mailing address and 14424 ZIP code.
Sonnenberg Mansion and Gardens, a Victorian mansion and 50 acres (200,000 m²) of gardens, is now a state historic park and is open to the public after payment of an admission fee May thru mid-October.
The city was the site of the principal village of the Seneca. It was located on West Avenue where the West Avenue Cemetery is today.
The city public high school, Canandaigua Academy, was founded in 1791.
On November 11, 1794, the Treaty of Canandaigua was signed in the town. The treaty was constructed in hopes of establishing peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Six Nations of the Iroquois and is still recognized by the federal government today.
What is now the City separated from the Town of Canandaigua to become the Village of Canandaigua in 1815 and a city in 1913.
In 1807-1808, Jessie Hawley, a flour merchant from Geneva, New York, who became an early and major proponent of building of the Erie Canal, spent 20 months in the Canandaigua debtors' prison; during this time he published fourteen essays on the idea of building the canal that were to prove immensely influential.
Illinois senator Stephen A. Douglas spent three years as a student at Canandaigua Academy
In 1873, women's rights activist Susan B. Anthony was tried in the Ontario County Courthouse, located in the City of Canandaigua, for voting. She was found guilty and fined $100, which she did not pay.
1945: Canandaigua Wine Company was founded by Marvin Sands. The company underwent rapid expansion through acquisitions in the 1980s & 90s. The companies eventually joined together to form Constellation Brands and became the world's largest wine & spirits distributor. In 2006, Canandaigua Wine Company rebranded as Centerra Wine Co.
On March 14, 2006, President George W. Bush came to Canandaigua Academy, the public high school, to talk about Medicare Part D for senior citizens.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Canandaigua has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.5 km²), of which, 4.6 square miles (11.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (4.75%) is water.
The city is at the northern end of Canandaigua Lake, in the Finger Lakes region, the largest wine producing area in New York State.
The city is located on US Route 20 and NY Routes 5 and 21.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,264 people, 4,762 households, and 2,666 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,447.5 people per square mile (945.4/km²). There were 5,066 housing units at an average density of 1,100.8 per square mile (425.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.04% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.
There were 4,762 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.0% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,197, and the median income for a family was $47,388. Males had a median income of $31,950 versus $26,538 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,153. About 5.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.
- Kershaw Beach at the north end of Canandaigua Lake (Lakeshore Drive) is open to the public for a small fee.
- Here is located one of the relatively few remaining Octagon Houses in New York, popular for a time in the state.
- Every year just outside of town, a steam fair called the Pageant of Steam is held in August.
- On the campus of Finger Lakes Community College is the Constellation Brands-Marvin Sands Performing Arts Center.
- Canandaigua Farmer's Market is located in the Beeman and Lafayette St. Parking Lot and runs from June–October
- Myron H. Clark, Governor of New York (1855–1857)
- Arthur Dove (1880–1946), pioneering American modernist artist
- Francis Granger, United States Postmaster General under Presidents William Henry Harrison and John Tyler in 1841; son of Gideon Granger
- Gideon Granger, Postmaster General under President Thomas Jefferson from 1801–14; father of Francis Granger
- Jason Hawes, founder of the Atlantic Paranormal Society and Sci Fi Channel series Ghost Hunters
- Stanton Davis Kirkham, author and naturalist
- Ryan Lochte, Olympic swimmer
- Michael Park, actor, born in Canandaigua, plays Jack Snyder in As The World Turns
- John Raines, New York State Senate
- Thomas Benton Stoddard, first mayor of La Crosse, Wisconsin, Wisconsin State Assembly
- Kristen Wiig, born in Canandaigua, comedian and member of Saturday Night Live
- Scott Greene, born in Canandaigua, Former NFL Player
- Philip Spencer, US Naval Officer, hanged without court-martial for planning to mutiny and become a pirate.
- Phil Bredesen, 48th Governor of Tennessee.
- ^ Rudes, B. Tuscarora English Dictionary Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999
- ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780806135984. http://books.google.com/books?id=5XfxzCm1qa4C&pg=PA79. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- ^ Canandaigua Academy accessed October 1, 2007
- ^ # ^ Linder, Douglas: "The Trial of Susan B. Anthony for Illegal Voting," University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, at http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/trials14.htm
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Canandaigua
- Town of Canandaigua
- Downtown Canandaigua
- Canandaigua City School District
- Sonnenberg Gardens
- Wood Library
- Railroads in Canandaigua
Municipalities and communities of Ontario County, New YorkCounty seat: Canandaigua Cities
Canandaigua | Geneva‡
Bristol | Canadice | Canandaigua | East Bloomfield | Farmington | Geneva | Gorham | Hopewell | Manchester | Naples | Phelps | Richmond | Seneca | South Bristol | Victor | West Bloomfield
Bloomfield | Clifton Springs | Manchester | Naples | Phelps | Rushville‡ | Shortsville | Victor
Centerfield | Fishers | Gorham | Hall | Honeoye | Stanley
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or countiesCategories:
- Populated places established in 1815
- Cities in New York
- County seats in New York
- Rochester, New York metropolitan area
- Populated places in Ontario County, New York
- Place names in New York of Native American origin
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