- Charing Cross tube station
Mural of the construction of Charing Cross on Northern line platforms
Location of Charing Cross in Central London#
Location Charing Cross Local authority City of Westminster Managed by London Underground Owner London Underground Number of platforms 4 Fare zone 1 Interchange Charing Cross NR  London Underground annual entry and exit 2008 23.390 million 2009 22.842 million 2010 21.390 million 1906 Opened (BS&WR) 1907 Opened (CCE&HR) 1973 Closed (Northern Line) 1979 Opened (Jubilee Line) 1979 Reopened (Northern Line) 1999 Closed (Jubilee Line) List of stations Underground · National Rail
Charing Cross tube station is a London Underground station at Charing Cross in the City of Westminster with entrances located in Trafalgar Square and The Strand. The station is served by the Northern and Bakerloo lines and provides an interchange with the National Rail network at Charing Cross station. On the Northern Line it is between Embankment and Leicester Square stations on the Charing Cross branch, and on the Bakerloo Line it is between Embankment and Piccadilly Circus stations. The station is in Travelcard Zone 1.
The station was served by the Jubilee Line between 1979 and 1999, acting as the southern terminus of the line during that period.
For most of the history of the Underground the name Charing Cross was associated not with this station but with the station now known as Embankment. See below for the complex history of the name.
The Northern line and Bakerloo line parts of the station were originally opened as two separate stations and were combined when the now defunct Jubilee Line platforms were opened. The constituent stations also underwent a number of name changes during their history.
The first part of the complex, the Bakerloo line platforms, was opened as Trafalgar Square by the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR) on 10 March 1906.
The Northern line platforms were opened as Charing Cross by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR, now the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line) on 22 June 1907. At its opening this station was the southern terminus of the CCE&HR which ran to two northern termini at Golders Green and Highgate (now Archway) tube stations.
Although both lines were owned and operated by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL), there was no direct connection below ground and passengers interchanging between the lines had to do so via two sets of lifts and the surface.
In an effort to improve interchange capabilities, the CCE&HR was extended the short distance south under Charing Cross main line station to connect with the BS&WR and the District Railway (another UERL line), opening as such on 6 April 1914. The interchange station between the BS&WR and District had been know hitherto as Charing Cross (District) and Embankment (BS&WR). The original CCE&HR terminus to the north of Charing Cross main line station was renamed Charing Cross (Strand) and the new station and the BS&WR station to the south of the main line station was named Charing Cross (Embankment). These names lasted only a short time: on 9 May 1915, Charing Cross (Strand) was renamed Strand and for Charing Cross (Embankment) the tube lines adopted the District Railway name of Charing Cross. At the same time, the separate Strand station on the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway was also renamed Aldwych to avoid confusion.
The Northern line Strand station was closed on 4 June 1973 to enable the construction of the new Jubilee line platforms. These platforms were constructed between the Bakerloo line and Northern line platforms together with the long missing below ground interchange between those two lines. In anticipation of the new interchange station, from 4 August 1974 Charing Cross was renamed Charing Cross Embankment. The Jubilee line platforms and the refurbished Northern Line platforms opened on 1 May 1979 from which date the combined station including Trafalgar Square was given its current name; simultaneously Charing Cross Embankment reverted to the original BS&WR name of Embankment, ending 109 years of association with the name Charing Cross.
Although Charing Cross was constructed as the southern terminus of the Jubilee line, plans already existed to continue the line to the east towards Lewisham in south-east London. The tunnels were therefore constructed beyond the station beneath Strand as far as 143 Strand, almost as far as Aldwych station which would have been the next stop on the line. The subsequent regeneration of the Docklands in London's East End during the 1980s and 1990s required additional transport infrastructure and the eventual route of the extension took the new tunnels south from Green Park to provide new interchanges at Westminster, Waterloo and London Bridge stations and then on to Greenwich and Stratford.
The new tunnels branch away from the original south of Green Park station and, on the opening of the final section of the line between Green Park and Waterloo stations on 20 November 1999, the Jubilee Line platforms at Charing Cross were closed to the travelling public. The escalators continuing down to the closed platforms can, however, still be seen through closed doors at the bottom of the escalators from the ticket hall.
A 100 metre (330 ft) long mural along the Northern line platforms was designed by David Gentleman. It shows scenes from the construction of the original Charing Cross, memorial of Eleanor of Castile, the wife of Edward I.
Former Jubilee line platforms
Although now closed to the public, the Jubilee Line platforms of Charing Cross station are still maintained by TfL for use by film and television makers needing a modern Underground station location. While still open they were used in the 1987 film The Fourth Protocol, and after closure in numerous productions, including different episodes of the television series Spooks, the films Creep (2004), 28 Weeks Later (2007), The Deaths of Ian Stone (2007) and the video for the Alex Parks's single "Cry".
In 2006, it was proposed that an extension to the Docklands Light Railway from Bank station would take over the platforms. Intermediate stations at Aldwych and City Thameslink would be opened, mirroring the planned route of the old Fleet Line.
The Jubilee Line platforms are still used by Jubilee Line trains as a sidings to reverse trains from south to north; to do so southbound trains terminate and detrain at Green Park Station and are worked empty to Charing Cross platform. The tunnels also extend beyond the platforms into the "Overrun". Each overrun has the capacity to stable a further two trains each.
London bus routes 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 23, 87, 91, 139, 176, 388 and night route N9, N11, N13, N15, N21, N26, N44, N47, N91, N343, N550 and N551 all serve the station and its surrounding areas.
Nearby places of interest
- Trafalgar Square
- National Gallery and National Portrait Gallery
- South Africa House
- Canada House
- St Martin-in-the-Fields
- Nelson's Column
- Admiralty Arch
- Savoy Hotel
- The Mall
- Covent Garden
- ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2011. http://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/67647/response/172834/attach/3/OSI%20Report%20May2011FR%20V2%2017012011.xls. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- ^ a b c "Customer metrics: entries and exits". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. 2003-2010. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/modesoftransport/tube/performance/default.asp?onload=entryexit. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- ^ Sound of the Underground, BBC News, accessed 28 May 2010
- Demuth, Tim (2004). The Spread of London's Underground, 2nd ed. Published by Capital Transport, in co-operation with London Transport Museum. ISBN 1-85414-277-1.
- Harris, Cyril M (2004). What's in a name?, 4th ed. (reprint). Published by Capital Transport, in co-operation with London Transport Museum. ISBN 1-85414-241-0.
- The Charing Cross-Embankment-Strand conundrum explains the various names of the tube stations in this area.
- London's Abandoned Tube Stations - Charing Cross
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- Subway entrance to Trafalgar Square station, 1906
- Stairway entrance to Charing Cross station from Craven Street, 1909
- Trafalgar Square station booking hall, 1922
- Strand station booking hall, 1927
- Craven Street entrance to Strand station, 1937. Note sign pointing way to Bakerloo Line.
- Strand station booking hall, 1973, two weeks after closure for reconstruction
- New Charing Cross station booking hall, 1979
- Platform Murals
Preceding station London Underground Following stationtowards Harrow & Wealdstone Bakerloo linetowards Elephant & Castle Northern lineCharing Cross branch Former services Preceding station London Underground Following stationtowards Stanmore Jubilee line Terminustowards Stanmore Jubilee linePhase 2 (never constructed)towards Fenchurch Street Bakerloo line StationsBaker Street · Charing Cross · Edgware Road · Elephant and Castle (100m) · Embankment · Harlesden · Harrow and Wealdstone · Kensal Green · Kenton · Kilburn Park · Lambeth North · Maida Vale ·
Marylebone · North Wembley · Oxford Circus · Paddington · Piccadilly Circus · Queens Park · Regents Park · South Kenton · Stonebridge Park · Warwick Avenue · Waterloo · Wembley Central · Willesden Junction
Click to enlarge
Rolling stock HistoryFormer companiesBaker Street & Waterloo Railway · Underground Electric Railways Company of LondonFormer stations now served by London OvergroundFormer stations now served by Jubilee LineFormer rolling stockAbandoned plans Northern line StationsHigh Barnet branchEdgware branchCharing Cross branchBank branchMorden lineFuture
Click to enlarge
Rolling stockPresent stock HistoryFormer companiesFormer linesFormer stationsFormer rolling stockAbandoned plans Jubilee line StationsBaker Street · Bermondsey · Bond Street · Canada Water · Canary Wharf · Canning Town · Canons Park · Dollis Hill · Finchley Road · Green Park · Kilburn · Kingsbury · London Bridge · Neasden · North Greenwich · Queensbury ·
Southwark ( Waterloo East) · St John's Wood · Stanmore · Stratford · Swiss Cottage · Waterloo · Wembley Park · West Ham · West Hampstead · Westminster · Willesden Green
Click to enlarge
Rolling stock HistoryFormer linesFormer stationsCharing CrossFormer rolling stock
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.