List of birds of New Zealand

List of birds of New Zealand


This list of New Zealand birds is ordered by the Māori names (where known) with English alternatives in brackets. In some cases (Tui, Kākā, Weka, Pūkeko, moa, kiwi, Kea, Kōkako, Takahē) the Māori name is the common name. In other cases (fantail, albatross, Black-backed Gull, bellbird, Morepork, dotterel, Wax-eye, oystercatcher) the English name is most commonly used.

The species and subspecies marked extinct became extinct subsequent to humans' arrival in New Zealand. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived.

In June 2010 the 4th Edition of the Checklist of the birds of New Zealand and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica was published by Te Papa Press, in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand.






  • Rallidae
    • New Zealand Coot, Fulica chathamensis - extinct
    • Chatham Island Rail, Gallirallus modestus - extinct
    • Giant Chatham Island Rail, Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi - extinct
    • Hodgen's Rail, Gallinula hodgeni - extinct
    • Dieffenbach's Rail, Gallirallus dieffenbachii - extinct
    • Snipe-rail, Capellirallus karamu - extinct
    • Adzebill, Aptornis otidiformis - extinct
    • Auckland Islands Rail, Lewinia muelleri - Vulnerable
    • Pūkeko or Purple Swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio
    • North Island Takahē, Porphyrio mantelli - extinct
    • South Island Takahē, Porphyrio hochstetteri - Endangered
    • Weka or Woodhen, Gallirallus australis - Vulnerable









  • Cuculidae
    • Koekoea or Longtailed Cuckoo, Eudynamys taitensis
    • Pipiwharauroa or Shining Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx lucidus



  • Acanthisittidae
    • Matuhi or Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes - extinct
      • South Island Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes longipes - extinct
      • North Island Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes stokesi - extinct
      • Stead's Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes variabilis - extinct
    • Rock Wren, Xenicus gilviventris
    • Stephens Island Wren, Traversia lyalli - extinct
    • Titipounamu or Rifleman, Acanthisitta chloris
    • Yaldwyn's Wren, Pachyplichas yaldwyni - extinct
    • Grant-Mackie's Wren, Pachyplichas jagmi - extinct
  • Corvidae
    • New Zealand Crow, Palaeocorax moriorum - extinct
    • Rook, Corvus frugilegus - introduced
  • Motacillidae
    • Pīhoihoi or New Zealand Pipit, Anthus novaeseelandiae
  • Sylviidae
    • Matata or Fernbird, Megalurus punctatus - endemic
  • Meliphagidae
    • Tui or Parson Bird, Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae - endemic
    • Red Wattlebird, Anthochaera carunculata - rare/accidental
  • Notiomystidae
  • Callaeidae
    • Kōkako, Callaeas cinerea - endemic
      • North Island Kōkako, Callaeas cinerea wilsoni - endemic - endangered
      • South Island Kōkako, Callaeas cinerea cinerea - endemic - probably extinct
    • Tieke or Saddleback, Philesturnus carunculatus - endemic
      • North Island Saddleback, Philesturnus carunculatus rufusater - endemic - near threatened
      • South Island Saddleback, Philesturnus carunculatus carunculatus - endemic - near threatened
    • Huia, Heteralocha acutirostris - extinct
  • Muscicapidae
    • Piopio, Turnagra capensis - extinct
    • Chatham Island Fernbird, Megalurus rufescens - extinct
  • Alaudidae
    • Skylark, Alauda arvensis - introduced

See also


External links

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