North Atlantic Treaty

North Atlantic Treaty
North Atlantic Treaty
North Atlantic Treaty authentication page
Type Military Alliance
Signed 4 April 1949
Location Washington, D.C.
Effective 24 August 1949
Condition Ratification by Belgium, Canada, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States and by a majority of the other signatory states.
Depositary Government of the United States of America
Languages French, English
North Atlantic Treaty at Wikisource

The North Atlantic Treaty is the treaty that brought NATO into existence, signed in Washington, D.C. on April 4, 1949. The original twelve nations that signed it and thus became the founding members of NATO were:

Map of NATO countries chronological membership.

The North Atlantic Treaty was signed in Washington by:

Later the following nations joined:

When German reunification occurred in 1990, the country as a whole became a member of NATO.

During the April 2008 summit, Croatia and Albania were officially invited to join NATO. They both signed the treaty and officially joined NATO on April 1, 2009.

The key section of the treaty was Article V which committed each member state to consider an armed attack against one state to be an armed attack against all states. The treaty was created with an armed attack by the Soviet Union against Western Europe in mind, but the mutual self-defense clause was never invoked during the Cold War. Rather, it was invoked for the first time in 2001 in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the World Trade Center and The Pentagon in Operation Eagle Assist.

In the United States, the treaty was approved by the US Senate in a vote of 82 to 13 on July 21, 1949.

See also

External links

Official text

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • North Atlantic Treaty — noun the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO • Instance Hypernyms: ↑treaty, ↑pact, ↑accord * * * the treaty (1949) signed by 12 countries, providing for the establishment of NATO. Also called North Atlantic Pact. * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

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  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Established on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a collective security arrangement backed by the United States and its allies. Its principal function is to provide mutual defense if any member state is attacked by… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

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  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — noun an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security • Syn: ↑NATO • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international organization, ↑international organisation,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Brussels serves as the seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the defense organization formed by North Atlantic nations in 1949. The headquarters were located in London from 1949 to 1952 and then moved to Paris. Following the… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — NATO * * * North Atlantic Treaty Organization   [nɔːθ ət læntɪk triːtɪ ɔːgənaɪ zeɪʃn, englisch], die NATO …   Universal-Lexikon

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