Máramaros County

Máramaros County
Máramaros County
Комітат Марамарош
Comitatul Maramureş
Comitatus Maramarosiensis
Máramaros vármegye
Komitat Maramuresch
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Máramaros

Coat of arms

Location of Máramaros
Capital Máramarossziget
History
 - Established 1876
 - Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 - 1910 9,716 km2 (3,751 sq mi)
Population
 - 1910 357,700 
     Density 36.8 /km2  (95.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Ukraine, Romania
Sighetu Marmaţiei is the current name of the capital.

Máramaros (Romanian: Maramureș; Rusyn: Мараморош / Maramorosh, Мараморыш / Maramorŷsh; Ukrainian: Мармарощина / Marmaroshchyna, Мараморщина / Maramorshchyna; Latin: Marmatia) is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently in north-western Romania and western Ukraine. The capital of the county was Máramarossziget (-Hungarian, at present Sighetu Marmaţiei in Romania).

Contents

Geography

Máramaros county shared borders with the Austrian crownlands Galicia (currently in Poland and Ukraine) and Bukovina (currently in Romania and Ukraine) and the Hungarian counties Bereg, Ugocsa, Szatmár, Szolnok-Doboka and Beszterce-Naszód. It was situated on both sides of the river Tisza, and in the Carpathian mountains. Its area was 9720 km² around 1910.

History

In 1920 after the Treaty of Trianon, the northern part of the county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. The southern part (including Sighetu Marmației) became part of Romania.

During World War II, the Czechoslovak part was occupied by Hungary under the First Vienna Award. The county Máramaros was recreated, with Khust/Huszt as capital. The Romanian part was from 1940 to 1944 a part of Hungary. After World War II, the formerly Czechoslovak part of Máramaros county became part of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian SSR, Zakarpattia Oblast. Since 1991, when the Soviet Union split up, the Zakarpattya region is part of Ukraine.

The southern part of the county is now part of the Romanian county Maramureș.

Demographics

Population by language (1910 census):

  • Ruthenian = 159,489 (44.59%)
  • Romanian = 84,510 (23.63%)
  • German = 59,552 (16.65%)
  • Hungarian = 52,964 (14.81%)

Religion (1910 census):

  • Greek Catholic 71.1%
  • Jewish 18.4%
  • Roman Catholic 7.3%
  • Calvinist 2.7%
  • Greek Orthodox 0.4%
  • Lutheran 0.1%

Subdivisions

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Máramaros county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Dolha Dolha, UA Dovhe
Huszt Huszt, UA Khust
Izavölgy Dragomérfalva, RO Dragomireşti
Ökörmező Ökörmező, UA Mizhhir'ya
Sugatag Aknasugatag, RO Ocna Şugatag
Sziget Máramarossziget, RO Sighetu Marmaţiei
Taracviz Taracköz, UA Teresva
Técső Técső, UA Tiachiv
Tiszavölgy Rahó, UA Rakhiv
Visó Felsővisó, RO Vişeu de Sus
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Máramarossziget, RO Sighetu Marmaţiei

Rakhiv, Teresva, Tiachiv, Khust, Dovhe and Mizhhir'ya are presently in Ukraine; Sighetu Marmaţiei, Ocna Şugatag, Dragomireşti and Vişeu de Sus are presently in Romania.


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