:"Tisa" redirects here. For other uses, see
Tisa (disambiguation)and Tisza (disambiguation)."Geobox River
name =Tisza River
other_name = _ro. Tisa
image_size = 300
image_caption = The Tisza in
country_type = Countries
district_type = Counties
city_type = Villages
Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Serbia
length = 1358
watershed = 157183
source_elevation = 2020
mouth_location = Downstream of
free_type = Official River Code
map_size = 300
map_caption =Map of the Tisza and southern part of the
DanubeThe Tisza is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. It originates in Ukraine, with the White Tisza in the Chornohoraand Black Tisza in the Gorganyrange, flows partially along the Romanian border, enters Hungaryat Tiszabecs, passes through Hungary, and falls into the Danubein central Vojvodinain Serbia. It forms the boundary between the regions of Bačkaand Banat. The Tisza drains an area of about 157,186 km². Attila the Hunis said to have been buried under a diverted section of the river Tisza.
Names for the river in the countries it flows through are:
* _ro. Tisa;
* _uk. Тиса ("Tysa");
* _sk. Tisa;
* _hu. Tisza (pronounced|'tisɒ);
* _sr. Тиса ("Tisa").
The river was known as the "Tisia" in antiquity, and
Latinnames for it included "Tissus", "Tisia", "Pathissus" (Pliny, "Naturalis historia", 4.25). In Croatian language, it is called "Tisa" (Tisa flows through areas with Croat minority in autonomic province Vojvodina in northern Serbia). It may be referred to as the "Theiss" ( _de. Theiß) in older English references, after the German name for that river.
Regulation of the Tisza
The length of the Tisza in Hungary used to be 1419 km. It flowed through the
Great Hungarian Plain, which is one of the largest flat areas in central Europe. Since plainscan cause a river to flow very slowly, the Tisza used to follow a path with many curves and turns, which led to many large floodsin the area.
After several small-scale attempts,
István Széchenyiorganised the "control of the Tisza" ( _hu. a Tisza szabályozása) which started on August 27, 1846and substantially ended in 1880. The new length of the river in Hungary was 966 km, with 589 km of "dead channels" and 136 km of new riverbed.
The resultant length of the flood-protected river comprises 2,940 km (out of 4,220 km of all Hungarian protected rivers) which forms one of the largest flood protection systems in Europe; larger than the
Netherlands' 1,500 km, the Po River's 1,400 km, or the Loire Valley's 480 km.
In the 1970s the building of the Kisköre Reservoir started with the purpose of helping to control floods as well as storing water for drought seasons. It turned out, however, that the resulting
Lake Tiszabecame one of the most popular tourist destinations in Hungary, since it had similar features to Lake Balatonat drastically cheaper prices and it was not crowded.
The Tisza is navigable over much of its course. The river opened up for international navigation only recently; before, Hungary distinguished "national rivers" and "international rivers", indicating whether non-Hungarian vessels were allowed or not. After Hungary joined the
European Union, this distinction was lifted and vessels were allowed on the Tisza.
Conditions of navigation differ with the circumstances: when the river is in flood, it is often unnavigable, just as it is at times of extreme drought. (Source: [http://www.noordersoft.com/indexen.html NoorderSoft Waterway Database)]
Tributaries and sub-tributaries
Čik(near Bačko Petrovo Selo)
**Arieş (near Gura Arieşului)
***Târnava Mare (in
***Târnava Mică (in Blaj)
**Fehér-Körös (near Gyula)
**Fekete-Körös (near Gyula)
Pavlovce nad Uhom)
*Szamos (near Vásárosnamény)
**Someşul Mic (in
***Someşul Cald (in Gilău)
***Someşul Rece (in Gilău)
**Someşul Mare (in Dej)
* Administraţia Naţională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - Bucureşti
* Institutul de Meteorologie şi Hidrologie - Rîurile României - Bucureşti 1971
* [http://www.backabanat.com About Tisza]
* [http://www.historia.hu/archivum/2001/0102suli.htm The Living Tisza (Hungarian)]
* River Basin Report: Tisza River [http://www.ywat.org/knowledgebase/riverbasins/eu-tisza.html]
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