City of Military Glory

City of Military Glory

City of Military Glory (Russian: «Город воинской славы») is an honorary title bestowed upon the citizenry of Russian cities, where soldiers had displayed courage and heroism during the Great Patriotic War.[1] The award, which to date has been bestowed upon 27 cities, is similar to the Hero City title awarded during the Soviet-era, and no city has yet received both awards.[1][2]

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Info

Federal law On the Honorary Title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”

After being accepted by the State Duma on April 14, 2006, and approved by the Federation Council on April 26, 2006, the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin signed into law the federal law On the Honorary Title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory” on May 9, 2006.[3]

On the eve of Victory Day in 2009, at the ceremony conferring “City of Military Glory” status upon Vyazma, Kronstadt and Naro-Fominsk at the Moscow Kremlin, the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev stated:

What distinguishes human beings from the other inhabitants of this planet is that they have a soul and they have memory. What is happening today pays tribute to this memory, and it also indicates our assessment of our past, and our plans for the future.

A lot is being said now about the price we paid for victory, and about the lessons of the Great Patriotic War. I too spoke about this, yesterday, and again today.

Of course we must make every effort to ensure that the memory of these glorious pages of our history is never erased. It must remain an integral part of our daily life. The knowledge of our countrymen’s feats, of the part our country played in the Second World War, must be handed down from generation to generation, so that no one will attempt to distort history and create new myths in the name of achieving various political objectives.

I think that this is the main sense of the ceremony taking place in the Kremlin today.[4]

Cities which have had the status conferred upon them have a monument erected which shows the city’s coat of arms along with the text from the Presidential ukaz, and on Defender of the Fatherland Day, Victory Day and the city's day, public commemorations and celebratory salutes take place.[3][5]

Cities of Military Glory

Arkhangelsk

Ceremony on January 12, 2010 for the bestowing of the honorary title of City of Military Glory on Arkhangelsk.

During World War II, Arkhangelsk, along with Murmansk, were at the forefront of efforts to keep Allied supply lines open to the Soviet Union what became known as the Arctic Convoys. In all, 42 convoys delivered some 16 million tons of military supplies to Arkhangelsk, with the loss of many ships.[6][7]

Arkhangelsk was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on December 5, 2009, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[8] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on January 12, 2010 at which the city was represented by the Mayor of Arkhangelsk, Viktor Pavlenko, and World War II veteran Serafim Nesmelov.[9] At the ceremony Dmitry Medvedev noted that Arkhangelsk, which was founded by Ivan the Terrible has always been a forward area of national defence for Russia, and had contributed to the success of Peter the Great in the Great Northern War, and the sailors of the White Sea Flotilla contributed to the defence of the northern borders of the Soviet Union during World War II.[7]

Anapa

For the “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”, in accordance with Presidental Law No.2011-586 of May 5, 2011, Anapa was conferred upon with the "City of Military Glory" title by the President of Russia himself Dmitry Medvedev in honor of the successful resistance of its citizens during its brief German-Romanian military occupation from 1942 to 1943, in which the city was totally destroyed.

Belgorod

Belgorod was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on April 27, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[10]

Bryansk

During the Great Patriotic War, Bryansk was occupied by troops of Nazi Germany from 6 October 1941 to 17 September 1943.[2] The city which was extremely damaged was the scene of battles led by approximately 60,000 Soviet partisans, who fought Nazi troops in the forests of the city. In all, the partisans killed some 100,000 Nazi troops, derailed almost 1,000 trains, and destroyed hundreds of bridges and hundreds of kilometres of railway tracks.[2] Twelve partisans who fought in Bryansk were later honoured as Heroes of the Soviet Union.[2]

Bryansk was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on March 25, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[11] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on May 4, 2010 at which the city was represented by the Head of City, Nikolai Patov, and Chairman of the Regional Committee for War Veterans and Military Services, Dmitry Mitchenkov.[12] At the ceremony Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev stated “Leo Tolstoy once remarked that a people who can engage in all-out guerrilla warfare during a conflict is invincible, and the Bryansk partisan movement confirmed the truth of this”.[13]

Dmitrov

Dmitrov, some 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Moscow, was the scene of fierce battles during the Great Patriotic War in 1941 and was one of the sites that the Red Army was able to stop Wehrmacht troops from advancing to Moscow during the Battle of Moscow.[1] The city was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on October 28, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[14]

Kalach-na-Donu

Kalach-na-Donu, located 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of Volgograd, was the scene of heavy fighting between Soviet troops and troops of the Nazi 6th Army under the command of Friedrich Paulus. Battles intensified in July 1942, and the standoff between the two armies lasted until 31 August 1942. In November 1942, Soviet troops to the southwest of the city, and troops from the Stalingrad fronts, met in the southwest of the town and eventually encircling Nazi troops near Stalingrad. In all, some 54,000 Soviet troops were killed in battles in the area of the city, and 454 Soviet aviators were killed in dog fights above the city.[2]

Kalach-na-Donu was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on March 25, 2010, for "courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland".[15] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on May 4, 2010 at which the city was represented by the Head of the Municipal Administration, Vladimir Krishtal, and honorary citizen, Major-General and Professor of the FSB Academy, Yevgeny Mokhov.[16]

Kolpino

Due to the city's and its citizens' role in the Siege of Leningrad from 1941 to 1944, for the “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland” Kolpino was conferred the title of "City of Military Glory" in accordance with Presidental Law-No.2011-587 on May 5, 2011 by the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev. The city witnessed some of the bitterest fighting of the almost 3 year siege between the Soviets and the Germans.

Kozelsk

Kozelsk was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on December 5, 2009, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[17]

Kronstadt

Kronstadt was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on April 27, 2009, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[18]

Kursk

Kursk was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on April 27, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[19]

Luga

Luga was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on May 5, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[20]

Malgobek

Malgobek was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on October 8, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland".[21]

Nalchik

Nalchik, the capital of the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (now the Kabardino-Balkar Republic), was occupied by Nazi German troops on October 28, 1942. For two months, Soviet troops of the Transcaucasian Front were able to prevent German troops from crossing the Baksan River in an attempt to take Black Sea ports and oil fields, during which the city was heavily damaged. On January 3, 1943 of the 37th Army liberated the city from German control. Some 4,200 people were killed in the conflict.[2][22]

Nalchik was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on March 25, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[23]

Naro-Fominsk

Naro-Fominsk was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on April 27, 2009, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[24]

Oryol

Oryol was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on April 27, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[25]

Polyarny

Polyarny was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on May 5, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[26]

Pskov

Pskov was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on December 5, 2009, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[27]

Rostov-on-Don

Rostov-on-Don was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on May 5 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[28]

Rzhev

Rzhev was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on October 8, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[29]

Taganrog

Taganrog had an eventful history during World War II, from 1941 to 1945. The city was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on November 3, 2011, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[30]

Tikhvin

Tikhvin was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on November 4, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[31]

Tuapse

In July 1942, when Sevastopol fell under Nazi German control, Tuapse became the main naval for the supply of Soviet troops in the Black Sea region. In August 1942 in the Tuapse Defensive Operation, part of the overall Battle of the Caucasus, Tuapse was the scene of bloody battles between the two forces, and the city was subjected to relentless bombardment by Nazi troops. The Soviet forces managed to halt Nazi troops 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Tuapse, with the loss of some 100,000 lives, and 25,000 dead on the German side.[32] To this day, bodies are still being found in the region, and in the last 10 years, approximately 4,500 bodies have been found and reburied.[32][33]

Tuapse was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on May 5, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[34] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on May 6, 2008 at which the city was represented by the Acting Head of the City, Viktor Koshel.[35]

Tver

Tver was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on November 4, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[36]

Velikiye Luki

Velikiye Luki was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on October 28, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[37]

Veliky Novgorod

Veliky Novgorod was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on October 28, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[38]

Vladikavkaz

The German forces' drive towards oil fields of Grozny and Baku was stopped near Vladikavkaz in the end of 1942.

Vladikavkaz was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on October 8, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[39]

Vladivostok

Vladivostok was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on November 4, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[40]

Volokolamsk

Volokolamsk was the scene of some major battles between Soviet and Nazi troops during the Great Patriotic War, and is where the Panfilovtsy under the command of Ivan Panfilov, and the Katyusha rocket launcher, gained wide recognition.[2][22] Following orders not to give an inch of soil to the invading German troops, the Panfilovtsy held their defensive lines during a month of heavy fighting. With the loss of 13,000 troops, the Soviet forces held the Germans at bay for long enough in order to allow a counter offensive to take place.[2][22]

Volokolamsk was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on March 25, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[41] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on May 4, 2010 at which the city was represented by Head of Volokolamsky District, Vyacheslav Karabanov, and Pavel Osipov, a veteran from World War II. At the ceremony Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev said that the exploits of the Panfilovtsy “became a true symbol of courage and selflessness”.[22][42]

Voronezh

Voronezh was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on February 16, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[43]

Vyazma

Vyazma in Smolensk Oblast was occupied by Nazi German forces on October 7, 1941 after fierce battles with the Red Army. The 19th, 20th, 24th and 32nd Soviet field armies, along with civil guardsmen, holed up large numbers of German troops in their advancement towards Moscow. Vyazma was liberated by the Soviets on March 12, 1943 during the Rzhev-Vyazma operation.[44]

Vyazma was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on April 27, 2009, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Fatherland”.[45] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on 8 May 2009 at which the city was represented by Head of the Vyazemsky Municipal District, Viktor Semeykin.[46]

Vyborg

Before World War II Vyborg (originally Viipuri) was one of the oldest and the second largest city of Finland. It was lost to Soviet Union after Winter War according to Moscow Peace Treaty. At the early stages of Continuation War Finland regained Vyborg essentially without a fight. On June 20 1944, troops led by Marshall Leonid Govorov, as part of the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive broke through the Mannerheim Line, and Vyborg was captured by the Soviet Union again. As a result of the offensive, the Moscow Armistice was signed between Finland and the Soviet Union, and ended the Continuation War. Vyborg remained with Soviet Union. Some 23,500 Soviet troops lost their lives in the attack for Vyborg.[2][22]

Vyborg was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev on March 25, 2010, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[47] A ceremony was held in the Moscow Kremlin on 4 May 2010 at which the city was represented by the Head of the Administration of Vyborgsky District Konstantin Patrayev.[22][48]

Yelets

Yelets was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on October 8, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[49]

Yelnya

Yelnya was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin on October 8, 2007, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.[50]

References

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  24. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №463 от 27 апреля 2009 года «О присвоении городу Наро-Фоминску почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #463 of April 27, 2009 On the assignment to Naro-Fominsk of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  25. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №560 от 27 апреля 2007 года «О присвоении городу Орлу почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #560 of April 27, 2007 On the assignment to Oryol of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  26. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №555 от 5 мая 2008 года «О присвоении городу Полярному почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #555 of May 5, 2008 On the assignment to Polyarny of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  27. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1387 от 5 декабря 2009 года «О присвоении городу Пскову почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1387 of December 5, 2009 On the assignment to Pskov of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  28. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №556 от 5 мая 2008 года «О присвоении городу Ростову-на-Дону почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #556 of May 5, 2008 On the assignment to Rostov-on-Don of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  29. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1345 от 8 октября 2007 года «О присвоении городу Ржеву почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1345 of October 8, 2007 On the assignment to Rzhev of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  30. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1459 от 03 ноября 2011 года «О присвоении г.Таганрогу почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1459 of November 3, 2011 On the assignment to Taganrog of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  31. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1334 от 04 ноября 2010 года «О присвоении городу Тихвину почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1334 of November 4, 2010 On the assignment to Tikhvin of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
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  33. ^ "Russian cities rewarded for WW2 heroics". Russia Today. May 6, 2008. http://rt.com/Top_News/2008-05-06/Russian_cities_rewarded_for_WW2_heroics.html. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  34. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №557 от 5 мая 2008 года «О присвоении городу Туапсе почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #557 of May 5, 2008 On the assignment to Tuapse of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  35. ^ (Russian) "Туапсе официально присвоят звание „Город воинской славы“". YuGa.ru. May 6, 2008. http://www.yuga.ru/news/122710/. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  36. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1335 от 04 ноября 2010 года «О присвоении городу Твери почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1335 of November 4, 2010 On the assignment to Tver of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  37. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1532 от 28 октября 2008 года «О присвоении городу Великие Луки почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1532 of October 28, 2008 On the assignment to Velikiye Luki of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  38. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1533 от 28 октября 2008 года «О присвоении городу Великому Новгороду почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1533 of October 28, 2008 On the assignment to Veliky Novgorod of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  39. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1343 от 8 октября 2007 года «О присвоении городу Владикавказу почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1343 of October 8, 2007 On the assignment to Vladikavkaz of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  40. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1333 от 04 ноября 2010 года «О присвоении городу Владивостоку почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1333 of November 4, 2010 On the assignment to Vladivostok of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  41. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №338 от 25 марта 2010 года «О присвоении городу Волоколамску почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #338 of March 25, 2010 On the assignment to Volokolamsk of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  42. ^ (Russian) "Волоколамск — город воинской славы". United Russia. May 5, 2010. http://moscow-reg.edinros.ru/news/1/738/. Retrieved May 6, 2010. [dead link] (Archived at WebCite)
  43. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №206 от 16 Февраля 2008 года «О присвоении городу Воронежу почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #206 of February 16, 2008 On the assignment to Voronezh of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  44. ^ (Russian) "В России появилось три новых Города воинской славы". Amic.Ru. May 8, 2009. http://www.amic.ru/news/104598/. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
  45. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №461 от 27 апреля 2009 года «О присвоении городу Вязьме почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #461 of April 27, 2009 On the assignment to Vyazma of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  46. ^ (Russian) "Мэр Вязьмы пригласил президента РФ на юбилей города". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 8 May 2009. http://center.rian.ru/politics/20090508/81885227.html. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  47. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №341 от 25 марта 2010 года «О присвоении городу Выборгу почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #341 of March 25, 2010 On the assignment to Vyborg of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  48. ^ (Russian) "Дмитрий Медведев вручил Выборгу грамоту «Города воинской славы»". 47 News. 4 May 2010. http://www.47news.ru/2010/05/04/028/. Retrieved 7 May 2010.  (Archived at WebCite)
  49. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1347 от 8 октября 2007 года «О присвоении городу Ельцу почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1347 of October 8, 2007 On the assignment to Yelets of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).
  50. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1346 от 8 октября 2007 года «О присвоении городу Ельне почётного звания Российской Федерации „Город воинской славы“». (The President of the Russian Federation. Ukaz #1346 of October 8, 2007 On the assignment to Yelnya of the Honorary title of the Russian Federation “City of Military Glory”. ).

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