Tuapse ( _ru. Туапсе́; _ad. ТIуапсэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shore of the Black Sea, south of Gelendzhik and north of Sochi. It is the administrative center of Tuapsinsky District. Population: ru-census|p2002=64238|p1989=63081 Tuapse is a sea port and the northern centre of a resort zone which extends south to Sochi.

Tuapse is a large centre (native land) for the Shapsugs tribe with other areas in Circassia, with about 10,000 speakers of the language living in Tuapse. The name of the town is itself Adyghe (IPA|tʷʼa.psə, or "two waters") since Tuapse was part of historical Circassia before the russian invasion to Caucasus, and it was occupied during the rule of Czar Alexander_I_of_Russia, from the period 1801-1825 , although it was also attested in early Greek sources as Topsida.The modern settlement was founded in 1838 as the Russian fort of Velyaminovskoye. A year later, the Shapsugs regain and razed it (based on the russians story), but it was promptly rebuilt. During the Crimean War, the Ottomans seized the fort and held it for two years (1857-1859). Between 1875 and 1897 the village was known as Velyaminovsky Posad; it received municipal rights in 1916.

The Soviets developed Tuapse as an oil terminal and depot. An oil pipeline from Grozny and Maikop was in operation by 1928, designed by Vladimir Shukhov. An oil refinery dates from the same period. The German military during World War II attempted to seize its facilities during the Battle of the Caucasus, which caused major damage to the city.

The Russian Children Center Orlyonok (former All-Russian SFSR Young Pioneer camp) is located there. The world chess champion Vladimir Kramnik and 2005 Miss Universe winner, Natalie Glebova, were born in Tuapse.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tuapse — Tuapsẹ,   Stadt in der Region Krasnodar, Russland, an der Tuapsebucht des Schwarzen Meeres und am Fuß des Großen Kaukasus, 64 400 Einwohner; Regionalmuseum; Erdölverarbeitungswerk und hafen, Maschinenbau, Reparaturwerft, Nahrungsmittelindustrie; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tuapsé — Para el río del mismo nombre, véase Río Tuapsé. Туапсе Tuapsé …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tuapse — Stadt Tuapse Туапсе Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tuapse — Original name in latin Tuapse Name in other language Gorad Tuapseh, TUAPSE, Toeapse, Touapse, Touaps Tuapse, Tuapsse, Tuaps toTuapseuapuse, tu a pu xie, tu apse, tuabse, twabsy, twapsh, Горад Туапсэ, ТУАПСЕ, Туапсе, Туапсы State code RU… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Tuapse — Touapsé Touapsé Туапсе …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tuapse — ▪ Russia       city and seaport of Krasnodar kray (region), southwestern Russia. It lies on a sheltered bay of the Black Sea. Founded in 1838 around a fortress established in 1828, it grew in the 20th century as a major ship repairing, oil… …   Universalium

  • Grozny-Tuapse oil pipeline — The Grozny Tuapse oil pipeline is a convert|618|km|mi|0 long pipeline connecting oil fields near Grozny, Russia, with sea port Tuapse. The pipeline was launched in 1928, designed by Vladimir Shukhov. The annual throughput of the pipeline along… …   Wikipedia

  • City of Military Glory — (Russian: «Город воинской славы») is an honorary title bestowed upon the citizenry of Russian cities, where soldiers had displayed courage and heroism during the Great Patriotic War.[1] The award, which to date has been bestowed upon 27 cities,… …   Wikipedia

  • Kramnik — Wladimir Kramnik Kramnik in Wijk aan Zee 2005 Name Wladimir Borissowitsch Kramnik Schreibweisen Vladimir Kramnik (FIDE …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik — Wladimir Kramnik Kramnik in Wijk aan Zee 2005 Name Wladimir Borissowitsch Kramnik Schreibweisen Vladimir Kramnik (FIDE …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”