Infobox Russian city
Skyline=View of Vladikavkaz.jpg
CityDay=First Sunday of July
FederalSubject=Republic of North Ossetia‑Alania
InJurisdictionOf=Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
AdmCtrOf=Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Legislature=Assembly of Representatives
Charter of Vladikavkaz
May 6, 1784
Vladikavkaz ( _ru. Владикавка́з, IPA2|vladʲikaf'kas; _os. Дзæуджыхъæу, ("Dzæudjyqæu") (means «Dzaug's settlement») is the capital city of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania,
Russia. It is situated in the south-east of the republic at the foothills of the Caucasusmountains, situated on the Terek River. Its population mostly consists of Ossetians, Russians, Armeniansand Georgians. Population: ru-census|p2002=315068|p1989=300198 Vladikavkaz is one of the most populous cities in the northern Caucasus.
The city is an industrial and transportation center.
Manufacturesinclude processed zincand lead, machinery, chemicals, clothing, and food products.
The city was founded in 1784 as a fortress during the
Russian conquest of the Caucasus and was for many years the main Russian military base in the region. The Georgian Military Highway, crossing the mountains, was constructed in 1799 to link the city with Georgia to the south, and in 1875 a railway was built to connect it to Rostov-on-Donand Bakuin Azerbaijan. Vladikavkaz has become an important industrial centre for the region, with smelting, refining, chemicals and manufacturing industries.
From 1931 to 1944 and from 1954 to 1990 its name was "Ordzhonikidze" ( _ru. Орджоники́дзе) (after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, a Georgian
Bolshevik), and from 1944 to 1954 it was called "Dzaudzhikau" ( _ru. Дзауджика́у). Vladikavkaz resumed its old name, which means "Ruler of the Caucasus", in 1990, shortly before the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
Vladikavkaz was fought over in both the
Russian Civil Warand Second World War. In February 1919, the anti-Communist Volunteer Armyunder General Anton Ivanovich Denikinseized the city, before being expelled by the Red Armyin March 1920. In November 1942, the forces of Nazi Germanytried unsuccessfully to seize the city but were repelled.
The city is served by the bus network ("
marshrutkas"). There are also tram(since the beginning of the 20th century) and trolleybusnetworks. There is railwayterminal ("vokzal") in Vladikavkaz.
The city is served by the Airport Vladikavkaz located km to mi|15 from the city.
Georgian Military Road, which is a part of European route E117, starts in Vladikavkaz and it connects the city with Transcaucasia.
FC Alania Vladikavkazis a football club based in Vladikavkaz, who won the Russian Premier Leaguein 1995.
Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):
The city's population has Eastern Orthodox Christians and adherents of
In Vladikavkaz, there is a 198 metres tall guyed TV mast built in 1961, which has 6 crossbars with gangways in 2 levels running from the mast structure to the guys.
Asheville, North Carolina, USA
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.