- Centwine of Wessex
Centwine King of Wessex Reign 676–686 Died after 686 Predecessor Aescwine Successor Cædwalla Father Cynegils
Centwine (died after 685) was King of Wessex from circa 676 to 685 or 686, although he was perhaps not the only king of the West Saxons at the time.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports that Centwine became king circa 676, succeeding Æscwine. Bede states that after the death of King Cenwalh: "his under-rulers took upon them the kingdom of the people, and dividing it among themselves, held it ten years". Bede's dismissal of Æscwine and Centwine as merely sub-kings may represent the views of the supporters of the King Ine, whose family ruled Wessex in Bede's time. However, if the West Saxon kingdom did fragment following Cenwalh's death, it appears that it was reunited during Centwine's reign.
An entry under 682 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that "Centwine drove the Britons to the sea". This is the only event recorded in his reign. The Carmina Ecclesiastica of Aldhelm, Bishop of Sherborne (d. 709), written a generation after Centwine's reign, records that he won three great battles. In addition, it states that he was a pagan for part of his reign, adopting Christianity and becoming a patron of the church. The Chronicle's version of his ancestry makes Centwine a son of King Cynegils, and thus a brother of King Cenwalh and King Cwichelm, but Aldhelm does not record any such relationship.
Chapter 40 of Eddius Stephanus's Life of Wilfrid records that Centwine was married to a sister of Queen Iurminburh, second wife of King Ecgfrith of Northumbria. Her name is not reliably recorded, and the suggestion that she is to be identified with Dunna, Abbess of Withington, is broadly rejected. Their daughter Bugga was certainly a nun when Aldhelm dedicated verses to her, and was probably an Abbess.
Centwine is reported to have abdicated and become a monk. Aldhelm writes that he "gave up riches and the reins of government and left his own kingdom in the name of Christ". He was succeeded by Caedwalla. The date of his death is unknown.
- ^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, Book IV, chapter 12.
- ^ Kirby, D.P., The Earliest English Kings, pp. 52–53.
- ^ Yorke, Barbara, Kings and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England, pp. 145–146.
- ^ Miller, Sean. "Anglo-Saxons.net". http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=seek&query=676. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- ^ Kirby, p. 53.
- ^ "Bugga 1". Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. http://eagle.cch.kcl.ac.uk:8080/pase/persons/CreatePersonFrames.jsp?personKey=3441. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- ^ "Centwine 1". Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. http://eagle.cch.kcl.ac.uk:8080/pase/persons/CreatePersonFrames.jsp?personKey=826. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
Regnal titles Preceded by
King of Wessex
Cerdic · Cynric · Ceawlin · Ceol · Ceolwulf · Cynegils · Cwichelm · Cenwalh · Penda of Mercia · Cenwalh restored · Seaxburh · Æscwine · Centwine · Cædwalla · Ine · Æthelheard · Cuthred · Sigeberht · Cynewulf · Beorhtric · Egbert · Æthelwulf · Æthelbald · Æthelberht · Æthelred · Alfred · Edward · Ælfweard · The Kingdom of England
Saints of Anglo-Saxon England British / Welsh / Irish
Alban of St Albans · Aldatus of Oxford · Amphibalus of St Albans · Arilda of Oldbury · Barloc of Norbury · Brannoc of Braunton · Branwalator of Milton · Credan of Bodmin · Congar of Congresbury · Dachuna of Bodmin · Decuman of Watchet · Elfin of Warrington · Ivo of Ramsey · Judoc of Winchester · Juthwara of Sherbourne · Melorius of Amesbury · Nectan of Hartland · Neot of St Neots · Patrick of Glastonbury · Rumon of Tavistock · Samson of Dol · Sativola of Exeter · Urith of Chittlehampton
Æthelberht of East Anglia · Æthelburh of Faremoutiers · Æthelflæd of Ramsey · Æthelthryth of Ely · Æthelwine of Lindsey · Athwulf of Thorney · Blitha of Martham · Botwulf of Thorney · Cissa of Crowland · Cuthbald of Peterborough · Eadmund of East Anglia · Eadnoth of Ramsey · Guthlac of Crowland · Herefrith of Thorney · Hiurmine of Blythburgh · Huna of Thorney · Pega of Peakirk · Regenhere of Northampton · Seaxburh of Ely · Tancred of Thorney · Torthred of Thorney · Tova of Thorney · Walstan of Bawburgh · Wihtburh of Ely · Wulfric of Holme
East Saxon Frisian,
and Old Saxon
Irish and Scottish Kentish Mercian
Ælfnoth of Stowe · Ælfthryth of Crowland · Æthelberht of Bedford · Æthelmod of Leominster · Æthelred of Mercia · Æthelwine of Coln · Æthelwynn of Sodbury · Beonna of Breedon · Beorhthelm of Stafford · Coenwulf of Mercia · Cotta of Breedon · Credan of Evesham · Cyneburh of Castor · Cyneburh of Gloucester · Kenelm of Winchcombe · Cyneswith of Peterborough · Eadburh of Bicester · Eadburh of Pershore · Eadburh of Southwell · Eadgyth of Aylesbury · Eadweard of Maugersbury · Ealdgyth of Stortford · Earconwald of London · Ecgwine of Evesham · Freomund of Mercia · Frithuric of Breedon · Frithuswith of Oxford · Frithuwold of Chertsey · Hæmma of Leominster · Merefin · Mildburh of Wenlock · Mildgyth · Mildthryth of Thanet · Milred of Worcester · Oda of Canterbury · Oswald of Worcester · Osburh of Coventry · Rumwold of Buckingham · Tibba of Ryhall · Werburh of Chester · Wærstan · Wigstan of Repton · Wulfhild of Barking
Acca of Hexham · Æbbe "the Elder" of Coldingham · Æbbe "the Younger" of Coldingham · Ælfflæd of Whitby · Ælfwald of Northumbria · Æthelburh of Hackness · Æthelgyth of Coldingham · Æthelsige of Ripon · Æthelwold of Farne · Æthelwold of Lindisfarne · Alchhild of Middleham · Alchmund of Hexham · Alchmund of Derby · Balthere of Tyningham · Beda of Jarrow · Bega of Copeland · Benedict Biscop · Bercthun of Beverley · Billfrith of Lindisfarne · Bosa of York · Botwine of Ripon · Ceadda of Lichfield · Cedd of Lichfield · Ceolfrith of Monkwearmouth · Ceolwulf of Northumbria · Cuthbert of Durham · Dryhthelm of Melrose · Eadberht of Lindisfarne · Eadfrith of Leominster · Eadfrith of Lindisfarne · Eadwine of Northumbria · Ealdberht of Ripon · Eanmund · Eardwulf of Northumbria · Eata of Hexham · Ecgberht of Ripon · Eoda · Eosterwine of Monkwearmouth · Hilda of Whitby · Hyglac · Iwig of Wilton · John of Beverley · Osana of Howden · Osthryth of Bardney · Oswald of Northumbria · Oswine of Northumbria · Sicgred of Ripon · Sigfrith of Monkwearmouth · Tatberht of Ripon · Wihtberht of Ripon · Wilfrith of Hexham · Wilfrith II · Wilgisl of Ripon
Roman South Saxon
Cuthflæd of Lyminster · Cuthmann of Steyning · Leofwynn of Bishopstone
Æbbe of Abingdon · Ælfgar of Selwood · Ælfgifu of Exeter · Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury · Ælfheah of Canterbury · Ælfheah of Winchester · Æthelflæd of Romsey · Æthelgar of Canterbury · Æthelnoth of Canterbury · Æthelwine of Athelney · Æthelwold of Winchester · Aldhelm of Sherbourne · Benignus of Glastonbury · Beocca of Chertsey · Beorhthelm of Shaftesbury · Beornstan of Winchester · Beornwald of Bampton · Centwine of Wessex · Cuthburh of Wimborn · Cwenburh of Wimborne · Dunstan of Canterbury · Eadburh of Winchester · Eadgar of England · Eadgyth of Polesworth · Eadgyth of Wilton · Eadweard the Confessor · Eadweard the Martyr · Eadwold of Cerne · Earmund of Stoke Fleming · Edor of Chertsey · Evorhilda · Frithestan of Winchester · Hædde of Winchester · Humbert of Stokenham · Hwita of Whitchurch Canonicorum · Mærwynn of Romsey · Margaret of Dunfermline · Swithhun of Winchester · Wulfsige of Sherborne · Wulfthryth of Wilton
Rumbold of Mechelen
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