- Uppingham School
Uppingham School Established 1584 Type Independent school Headmaster Richard S Harman, MA Founder Archdeacon Robert Johnson Location Uppingham
Students c.795 pupils and students Gender Coeducational Ages 13–18 Houses 15 Boarding houses Colours Blue and white Website www.uppingham.co.uk
Uppingham School is a co-educational independent school of the English public school tradition, situated in the small town of Uppingham in Rutland, England. The school was founded in 1584 by Robert Johnson, the Archdeacon of Leicester who also established Oakham School.
The school's current Headmaster, Richard Harman MA, is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and the school is a member of the Rugby Group of independent schools in the United Kingdom.
The Reverend Edward Thring (headmaster 1853–1887) is perhaps the school's best-known headmaster. His many innovative changes to the school's curriculum were later adopted in other English public schools. During his headship the school moved temporarily to Borth in Wales after an outbreak of typhoid ravaged the town. The move to Borth is commemorated in an annual service, held in the school chapel.
Uppingham has a tradition for high musical standards based on the work of Paul David and Robert Sterndale Bennett and has recently opened a new music school, a fusion of new and old buildings named after the first Director of Music, Paul David. The current Director of Music is Stephen Williams.
Uppingham has the greatest area of playing fields of any school in England, in three separate areas on different sides of the town: the Leicester to the West, the Middle to the South, and the Upper to the East.
In 1584 Uppingham School was founded with a hospital, or almshouse, by Archdeacon Robert Johnson. The original 1584 Schoolroom in Uppingham churchyard is still owned by the school and is a Grade I listed building. The original hospital building is now incorporated in the School Library.
In the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries Uppingham remained a small school of 30-60 pupils, with two staff. Despite its small size pupils then, as now, regularly gained places and scholarships to Oxford and Cambridge Universities.
During that period, various features of life in the School developed which are still in evidence today. Uppingham became a full boarding school, with all pupils having individual studies. This pattern was established around 1800, and some of these original studies still survive, although they are no longer in use. The first recorded school play was performed in 1794 and Uppingham has a thriving theatre. The main recreation in the 19th century was cricket - the first recorded cricket match, described in the school magazine, was in 1815 - and the game still thrives at Uppingham. In 1846 the Institution of School Praepostors, or Prefects, was established and still operates. The Praepostors are universally called "Pollies" around the school. As now, certain pupils were to gain distinction in later life, an early example being Professor Thomas Bonney, at Uppingham in the 1850s, the most distinguished geologist of his time, and President of the Alpine Club.
Edward Thring transformed the School from a small, high-quality local grammar school into a large, well-known public school, with 330 pupils. He moved the whole school (of around this number) temporarily to Borth in Wales to escape typhoid fever as a result of the poorly-maintained water system. This was successful in saving the school from a serious epidemic. He also won national and transatlantic reputation as an original thinker and writer on education. His ideas are still important today: - Every pupil must receive full and equal attention; as much time should be spent in class on an ordinary as on a brilliant pupil; those not intellectually gifted should have opportunities to succeed in other occupations; scattered boarding house enshrine a different and higher life; each pupil must have a small study of his own. At a time when Maths and Classics dominated the curriculum he encouraged many ‘extra’ subjects - French, German, Science, History, Art, Carpentry and Music. In particular Thring was a pioneer in his introduction of Music into the regular system of education; thus were the foundations laid for Uppingham’s present flourishing musical life.
He also opened the first gymnasium in an English school, the forerunner of the present Sports Hall, and later added a heated indoor swimming pool. He also commissioned a number of impressive buildings, notably the Chapel designed by the famous Gothic Revival architect G. E. Street.
Ernest William Hornung was at the School in the 1880s; he wrote several novels but his fame rests upon his creation of the character A.J. Raffles.
During this period the School continued to grow, with numbers reaching well over 400. These years saw the formation in 1889 of the Combined Cadet Force; the creation in 1890 of the first School Orchestra; in 1896 the re-introduction of hockey; and the adoption of rugby football, with the first match being against Rugby. Uppingham pupils still take part in all these activities today.
The buildings of the School also continued to grow with the construction of the Tower block, through which you still enter the School, and the combined gymnasium and concert hall - which in 1972 was converted into the School Theatre.
Pupils continued to go on to later fame - Patrick Abercrombie, pioneer Town Planner; Sir Malcolm Campbell, motor racer; James Elroy Flecker, poet and playwright: CRW Nevinson, official war artist in both wars; WH Pratt (Boris Karloff), film actor; E.J. Moeran, composer; Lt General Sir Brian Horrocks, Commander of the XXX Corps under Montgomery, and later a TV lecturer on battles and war; and Percy Chapman, captain of the England cricket team 1926-30, who won the Ashes.
The growth of the School continued with numbers of well over 600 pupils being reached in the 1960s. In 1973 the first girl attended Uppingham, as a day-girl; with a few more added in 1974. Then in 1975 the first Sixth Form Girls’ House, Fairfield, was opened, with its full complement of 50 girls achieved by 1976. This venture proved so successful that in 1986 a second Girls’ House, Johnson’s, was opened; and in 1994 the Lodge House (formerly a Boys’ House) was converted into the third Girls’ House. In 2001 the first 13-year-old girls entered the School, with the opening of a new house, Samworths’, the first house for girls aged 13–18; followed in 2002 by the conversion of Fairfield into a second House for 13-18 year-old girls and another new house, New House, opened in 2004. Johnson's was converted to a 13-18 girls' house in 2011 with an extension and significant internal reconstruction.
The buildings of the School continued to expand. Four hundred and fifty ex-pupils died in the First World War and the School Hall was built in their memory. Also built in this period were the main classroom block in the centre of the School, the Cricket and Rugby pavilions, and a school sanatorium. In 1956 the new Science Block was opened by the Duke of Edinburgh; it was extended in the 1960s. In 1989 a new Maths Block, to house Mathematics and Computing was opened by Professor Stephen Hawking. New squash courts were built and in 1970 the Sports Centre, incorporating the old swimming pool was opened, with the later addition of a climbing wall and a well-equipped weights room. In 1981 a new Music School and a new Buttery, where the pupils can buy snacks, were built. In 1995 the new Arts and Design Faculty was built, the Leonardo Centre, designed by old pupil Piers Gough. In 2003 the Language Centre (TLC), housing all the Modern Languages classrooms, opened. In 2006 a third Music facitily, the Paul David Music School (PDMS), opened on School Lane, incorporating all the old houses that were there, to accommodate the growing demand for music at the School. In 2010 the Uppingham School Sports Centre (USSC) was completed, and the old sports centre demolished to create space to develop the proposed new 'Western Quad'.
In the post-War period sports other than the main ones of rugby, hockey, cricket, athletics, swimming and shooting began to be introduced including tennis, basketball, badminton, fencing, squash, sailing, soccer and golf.
In 1945 Douglas Guest succeeded Robert Sterndale Bennett as Director of Music and this area of School life developed even further. The concert choir was increased until it contained over half the School: a bandmaster was appointed; music scholarships were introduced; and various music societies were created. All these innovations still flourish.
In the 1960s Uppingham pioneered the introduction of Design and Technology into the curriculum, with Uppingham being the first independent school, and one of the first 5 schools in Britain, to evolve and introduce A-level Design. Design was taught in the Thring Centre, opened in 1965. These subjects were then transferred with Art, Woodwork and Metalwork to the Leonardo Centre, opened in 1995.
The years since the 1970s have also seen a considerable expansion in the subjects taught, particularly at A-level, with the introduction of Politics, Ancient History, Design, Business Studies, Theatre Studies, Classical Civilisation, Spanish, Italian, Philosophy & Religious Studies, ICT, and Physical Education.
Uppingham is considered one of Britain's best schools for music, and the school's music facilities have been improved considerably recently. The school houses two large three-manual pipe organs, in the Memorial Hall and the Chapel; the latter was substantially rebuilt in the summer of 2007 by Nicholson Organs of Malvern. A completely new Choir division is now situated high on the South wall, and a new console and action has been installed, along with new pipework. The organ is notable for its smooth Harrison tone and rare two independent sets of Swell shutters - one opening westwards into the nave extension and one southwards across the repositioned choir stalls.
Uppingham has one of the largest private theatres in the country, in a building based on the original Leipzig Gewandhaus. An extension to the main theatre houses a Drama studio to be used for the teaching of Theatre Studies as well as for performances of smaller productions. There is also a large workshop to provide storage and workspace for technical equipment.
In 2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's leading private schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by The Times, which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents. Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared.
In May 2010 a mutiny was staged over the expulsion of some sixth-form pupils. For an entire day 500 students failed to attend classes and formed protests in aid of the dismissed students.
In March 2011, Lord Sebastian Coe officially opened the School’s new sports centre. The building includes a large sports hall, 25m swimming pool, a 50-station fitness studio, squash courts, gymnasium and two dance studios. It was designed by ORMS Architecture Design and is part of the School’s plans to develop the western campus buildings.. The School also now has, in a converted squash court behind the Theatre, a climbing wall facility, installed in 2010.
There are nine boys' boarding houses at Uppingham, informally split into three groups:
The 'Hill Houses' are Brooklands, Fircroft, and Highfield;
The 'Town Houses' are School House, Lorne House, West Deyne (1859) and West Bank;
The 'Country Houses' are Meadhurst and Farleigh.
There are six girls' boarding houses: Johnson's, The Lodge (sixth form only), Fairfield, New House, Constables and Samworths'. Samworths' was built in 2001 as the first house for girls aged 13 to 18. It was named for the Samworth Brothers, Old Uppinghamians who helped to finance the construction.
Queen Elizabeth II visited the school on the occasion of the Quatercentenary, November 16, 1984.
See also Category:Old Uppinghamians.
The book Eminent Uppinghamians by Bryan Matthews, former Second Master, was voted Most Ridiculous Book of the Year by The Sunday Times in 1986.
Notable alumni include:
- Robert Adley, Member of Parliament for Bristol North East and Christchurch.
- Jonathan Agnew, England, Leicestershire cricketer and Chief Cricket Correspondent for BBC Radio
- John Aldridge, Royal Academician
- Anthony Armstrong, author, essayist, dramatist
- Simon Belither, Commonwealth Gold Medallist rifle shot
- Adrian Bell, author of Corduroy
- Robin Blaze, countertenor
- Brian Boobbyer, England rugby player and evangelist for Moral Re-Armament
- Thomas George Bonney, geologist
- Ernle Bradford, historian and writer
- Edward Brittain, Roland Leighton and Victor Richardson - close friends of Vera Brittain whose stories are told in her autobiography Testament of Youth.
- Everard Calthrop, railway engineer and inventor.
- Sir Donald Campbell, World Land and Water Speed record holder, killed on Coniston Water in Bluebird (West Deyne)
- Sir Malcolm Campbell, holder of World Land and Water Speed records in 1920s and 1930s (West Deyne)
- Lord Nigel Crisp, former Chief Executive of the NHS
- Peter Cropper, leader of the Lindsay String Quartet
- Johnny Dawes, rock climber
- Adrian Dixon, Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge University
- Eric Dorman-Smith, British Army officer and Irish nationalist 
- Rt Hon Stephen Dorrell, MP PC, Health Secretary 1995-7, current Chair of the Health Select Committee
- Norman Douglas, novelist and travel writer
- Charles Dunstone and David Ross, co-founders of Carphone Warehouse
- John H. Edwards (geneticist) and his brother A.W.F. Edwards (statistician)
- Sir Neville Faulks, High Court Judge
- Ronald Firbank, novelist
- Pat Fish (Patrick Huntrods), songwriter and musician.
- James Elroy Flecker, poet and dramatist
- Nick Freeman "Mr Loophole", celebrity lawyer
- Stephen Fry, actor and writer (Fircroft), expelled in 1972
- Christopher Gabbitas, Baritone for The King's Singers
- Andrew Gimson, Political Journalist (West Bank).
- Piers Gough, architect
- Mark Haddon, author of The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time
- E. W. Hornung, author
- Danny Hipkiss, professional Rugby player, Leicester Tigers and England
- Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Horrocks, soldier, Corps Commander in World War II
- George Ivatt, mechanical engineer
- Hugh Jackman, actor (former teaching assistant)
- Jack Jarvis, professional rugby player (Canterbury, New Zealand)
- Christian Jessen, doctor and television presenter
- Harry Judd, musician and member of McFly (Fircroft).
- Dominic Keating, actor
- Andrew Kennedy, Tenor (Winner of Rosenblatt Song Prize at Cardiff Singer of the World 2005)
- Sir David Li, current Chairman and Chief Executive of the Bank of East Asia in Hong Kong
- Sir Claude Maxwell Macdonald, soldier-diplomat
- Gregor MacGregor, England, Scotland, Cambridge University, Middlesex cricketer and rugby player.
- Tim Melville-Ross, head of CBI and Institute of Directors
- Ed Minton and Alex Davies, members of rock band Elliot Minor (School House)
- Ernest John Moeran, composer
- Oscar Murton, Baron Murton of Lindisfarne, politician
- Richard Lewis Nettleship, philosopher
- C. R. W. Nevinson, Official War Artist in both World Wars
- Ernest Newton, architect, President RIBA
- Dickson Poon, businessman and non-executive Chairman of Harvey Nichols
- Peter Powell, Radio One disc jockey
- William Henry Pratt, who achieved fame under his stage name, Boris Karloff
- James Purves, cricketer
- Professor Canon Charles E. Raven Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, Theologian, Intellectual, Preacher
- Canon H. D. Rawnsley, Co-founder of the National Trust
- Sir Patrick Renison, Governor of Kenya
- Sam Riley, Actor
- Alan Rotherham, (left in 1881), former England rugby union international, captain of England, and inductee into the IRB Hall of Fame
- Guy Rowlands, Historian
- John Schlesinger, film director
- Cecil Sharp, musician, master of English Folk-song and Dance
- Charlie Simpson, Musician in Busted (2002–2005), Fightstar (2003–Present) and as a solo artist (2011-present) (Meadhurst)
- The Rev. J. H. Skrine, Schoolmaster, Warden of Glenalmond College
- Toby Spence, tenor
- Phil Spencer, property expert, Channel 4 television
- Ed Stafford, Explorer, walking the length of the Amazon River
- Rick Stein, chef and restaurateur (West Deyne)
- George Martin Stephen, Headmaster of St Paul's School
- John Suchet, journalist and broadcaster
- Richard Thorp, actor ('Emergency Ward 10'; 7yrs, 'Emmerdale'; 30yrs), writer.
- Edward Timpson Conservative Member of Parliament for Crewe and Nantwich
- Johnny Vaughan, TV presenter
- Tom Warren, model for Models 1 model agency
- Anthony Way, former chorister - St Paul's Cathedral
- James Whitaker, Leicestershire and England cricketer
- Jenny Willott, Member of Parliament for Cardiff Central.
- Charles Plumpton Wilson (1859–1938), England footballer
- William Yates, former member of both British and Australian Parliaments
Victoria Cross Holders
Five Old Uppinghamians have won the Victoria Cross:
- Victoria Cross
- George Howson (1886–1900), reforming headmaster of Gresham's School
- Reginald Owen (1887–1961), Archbishop of New Zealand 1952–60
Southern Railway Schools Class
The twenty-fourth steam locomotive (Engine 923) in the Southern Railway's Class V (of which there were 40) was originally named Uppingham, but the name was changed following objections from the school. This Class was also known as the Schools Class because all 40 of the class were named after prominent English public schools. 'Uppingham', as it was called, was built in December 1933 and had its name changed to Bradfield on 14 August 1934.
- ^ I Never Knew That About England, by Christopher Winn, Ebury Press, 2005
- ^ Halpin, Tony (2005-11-10). "Independent schools face huge fines over cartel to fix fees". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/education/article588559.ece. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- ^ The Office of Fair Trading: OFT names further trustees as part of the independent schools settlement
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ Greacen, Lavinia (1991). Chink: A Biography. London: Papermac. pp. 17. ISBN 9780333556931.
- ^ Whitworth, Damian; Whipple, Tom (2009-12-23). "The playboy and the Tory party leader". The Times (London).
- ^ Uppingham school roll, 1824-1894 (1894), (Uppingham school, Uppingham, England; Publisher: London, E. Stanford, ltd.)
- ^ Uppingham School, (1906), Uppingham School Roll, 1824 to 1905, page 314, ((E. Stanford)
- ^ Uppingham School, (1906), Uppingham School Roll, 1824 to 1905, page 385, ((E. Stanford)
- ^ http://www.in-touch.ukvet.net/101/101for.htm
- ^ Uppingham School OU Magazine, Issue 38 Winter 2010/2011 Page 32
- ^ Uppingham School OU Magazine, Issue 38 Winter 2010/2011 Page 32
- ^ Burridge, Frank: Nameplates of the Big Four (Oxford Publishing Company: Oxford, 1975) ISBN 0-90288-843-9
- ^ Bradley, D.L. (October 1975). "The Schools Class". Locomotives of the Southern Railway. Part 1. London: Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. pp. 37, 41. ISBN 0 901115 30 4.
- Uppingham School Website
- Upp The Arts at the Uppingham Theatre
- The Uppingham Summer School
- Uppingham by the Sea at Project Gutenberg Story of when the school relocated to Borth in 1876.
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