Coordinates: 53°30′53″N 2°02′19″W / 53.5147°N 2.0387°W
A view of Mossley
Mossley shown within Greater Manchester
Population 9,856 (2001) OS grid reference SD9702 Metropolitan borough Tameside Metropolitan county Greater Manchester Region North West Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE Postcode district OL5 Dialling code 01457 Police Greater Manchester Fire Greater Manchester Ambulance North West EU Parliament North West England UK Parliament Stalybridge and Hyde Website www.mossley-council.co.uk List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester
Mossley is a small town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. The town is located in the upper section of the Tame valley in the foothills of the Pennines, 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Ashton-under-Lyne and 8.9 miles (14.3 km) east of Manchester.
Mossley has the distinction of being situated at the conjunction of the historic county boundaries of Lancashire, Cheshire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. Local warding and ecclesiastic matters are maintained in Mossley according to these boundaries. At the 2001 census Mossley had a population of 9,856. It is the only parished area of Tameside, having had a parish council since 1999. According to the 1991 census the town was part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area however in the 2001 census it was no longer considered part of that urban area. 
Believed to originate in around 1319, the name Mossley means "a woodland clearing by a swamp or bog".
Mossley - alongside neighbouring Stalybridge and Uppermill in Saddleworth - helped launch the annual Whit Friday Band Contest, an internationally known brass band event. This came about when the three towns held unconnected brass band events on 6 June 1884.
George Lawton, the son of magistrate and alderman John Lawton, inherited a family fortune and, when he died in August 1949, he left his entire estate (apart from some legacies) to the people of Mossley. Part of his estimated £40,000 estate was left to build a public meeting place, the George Lawton Hall, which is a testament to his generosity.
Following the passing of the Public Health Act 1848 and the Local Government Act 1857, a Local Board of Health was established in Mossley in 1864. On 13 March 1885 Mossley was granted a Charter of Incorporation to become a municipal borough, replacing the local board. The whole borough was unified under the administrative county of Lancashire under the Local Government Act 1888. In 1974 the borough of Mossley was absorbed under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 into the new metropolitan borough of Tameside in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester. It became an unparished area.
Under the provisions of the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 local electors were given the right to request that a new parish and council be created in unparished areas. The people of Mossley exercised this right and a civil parish for Mossley was established in 1999. The civil parish council voted to adopt town status and Mossley now has a town mayor. The town has three parish wards based on the historic county borders, with four members representing the Cheshire part, three members the Lancashire part and two members the Yorkshire part. The town's unofficial Coat of Arms includes Cheshire's sheaf of corn, Lancashire's red rose and Yorkshire's white rose to signify the historic demarcation.
From 1918 to 1950 the town gave its name to the Mossley constituency which returned a Member of Parliament; for most of the period, the MP was Austin Hopkinson, who was notable for being elected as an Independent candidate. The town is now represented by the MP for Stalybridge and Hyde. Mossley Town Council is represented by five Independent local Councillors and four local Labour Councillors.
Mossley lies amongst the foothills of the Pennines, on the western edge of Saddleworth Moor.
The eccesiastical parishes correspond to the boundaries of the historic counties:
- St George's church is of Lancashire.
- St John the Baptist church is of Yorkshire.
- All Saints' Church is in Micklehurst, Cheshire.
- St. Josephs RC Primary School
- St. George's Primary School
- Milton St. John
- Micklehurst All Saints
Mossley's French twin town is Hem, situated near Lille, in the Nord département.
Local sport teams include Mossley A.F.C. and Micklehurst Cricket Club, as well as Mossley Basketball Club. Famous internet sports journalist Joe Craven was born in Mossley.
Mossley's Town Council passed a resolution in November 2009 to make Mossley a Fairtrade Town. A group of local campaigners and activist have started the Fairtrade Mossley group to make 2010 the year that Mossley becomes a Fairtrade Town.
- ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer" (http). Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - M to N. http://www.gmcro.co.uk/Guides/Gazeteer/gazzm2n.htm. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- ^ Census 2001
- ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_compendia/fom2005/03_FOPM_UrbanAreas.pdf
- ^ Hanks, Patrick; Flavia Hodges, A.D. Mills, Adrian Room (2002). The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860561-7.
- ^ a b c Nevell, Michael (1993). "Chapter 2: An Industrial Society". Tameside 1700–1930. A History and Archaeology of Tameside. Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. p. 17. ISBN 1-871324-08-4. OCLC 53181546.
- ^ Holt, Alfred (1974) . The Story of Mossley; Ancient and Modern. Mossley Civic Society. p. 9.
- ^ Nevell, Michael (1993). "Chapter 2: An Industrial Society". Tameside 1700–1930. A History and Archaeology of Tameside. Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. p. 11. ISBN 1-871324-08-4. OCLC 53181546.
- ^ http://www.jurang.co.uk/fairtrade-mossley-campaign.html
- Mossley Council - Mossley Town Council's Web Site
- MossleyOnline, Mossley's Interactive Online Community
- Welcome to Mossley, History and Photo Guide to Mossley
- Tameside Council - Mossley Coat of Arms
- Mossley Hollins High School
- Mossley Business Association - Supporting Mossley's Businesses
- Towns in Greater Manchester
- Civil parishes in Greater Manchester
- Towns and villages of the Peak District
- Geography of Tameside
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