- Notophthalmus meridionalis
Notophthalmus meridionalis Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Amphibia Order: Caudata Family: Salamandridae Genus: Notophthalmus Species: N. meridionalis Binomial name Notophthalmus meridionalis
N. m. kallerti (Wolterstorff, 1930)
N. m. meridionalis
The Black-spotted Newt can be anywhere between to 2 7/8-4 1/4" (7.1-11 cm) in length, and is typically an olive green in color, with numerous black spots. The underside is often yellow in color, and which can sometimes extend up to the sides. They have smooth skin, and a paddle-shaped vertically flattened tail. They live in quiet stretches of stream that are submerged in vegetation; permanent and temporary ponds and ditches.
Black-spotted Newts prefer shallow water habitats, heavy with vegetation. They are carnivorous, consuming a wide variety of prey, including insects, aquatic invertebrates, leeches, and other amphibians. They have a toxic skin secretion which is used to deter predators. Breeding occurs year round. The young do not go through an eft stage and when drought strikes are forced on to land.
N. meridionalis can be found in the states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz, San Luis Potosí in Mexico, barely extending into northeastern Hidalgo and Puebla. It is also found in southern Texas along the Gulf of Mexico.
- ^ Flores-Villela et al. (2004). Notophthalmus meridionalis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is endangered
- ^ "Black-spotted Newt (Notophthalmus meridionalis)". Wildlife Fact Sheets. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/bnewt/. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- Amphibian Species of the World: Notophthalmus meridionalis
- Herps of Texas: Notophthalmus meridionalis
- Ellen Trout Zoo: Black-spotted Newt
- National Audubon Society Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians
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