Infobox Settlement
name = State of Tamaulipas
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type =
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flag_size = 140px

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map_caption = Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico

mapsize1 = 150px
map_caption1 = Municipalities of Tamaulipas

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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = Capital
subdivision_name1 = Victoria
subdivision_type2 = Municipalities
subdivision_name2 = 43
subdivision_type3 = Largest City
subdivision_name3 = Tampico
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =Governor
leader_name =Eugenio Hernández Flores (PRI)
leader_title1 = Federal Deputies
leader_name1 =PAN:5
leader_title2 =Federal Senators
leader_name2 = PAN:2
leader_title3 =
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Ranked 7th
area_total_km2 = 79384
area_land_km2 =
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population_as_of =2005
population_footnotes =
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population_total =3,024,238 (Ranked 13th)
population_density_km2 =
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population_blank1_title =Demonym
population_blank1 =Tamaulipeco
population_density_blank1_km2 =
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timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
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blank_name =HDI (2004)
blank_info =0.8111 - high
Ranked 11th
blank1_name =ISO 3166-2
blank1_info =MX-TAM
blank2_name =Postal abbr.
blank2_info =Tamps.
blank3_name =
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website = [http://www.tamaulipas.gob.mx/ Tamaulipas state government]
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Tamaulipas is one of the 31 states of Mexico, it is located in the northeast.


Tamaulipas borders on the states of Veracruz to the south, San Luis Potosí to the southwest, and Nuevo León to the west. To the east Tamaulipas fronts the Gulf of Mexico; to the north Tamaulipas stands on the U.S.-Mexico border, adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas. According to the 2006 census, Tamaulipas had a population of some 3,024,238 people.

The capital of Tamaulipas is Ciudad Victoria. Also in Tamaulipas are the cities of Altamira, Camargo, Ciudad Madero, Ciudad Mante, Matamoros, Nuevo Laredo, Nuevo Progreso, Ocampo, Reynosa,Tula, Tampico, Valle Hermoso, San Fernando, Soto La Marina, and Rio Bravo.

Economy and culture

Northern Tamaulipas shares its culture with that of Texas, and is primarily characterized by agriculture and strong growth in all industrial sectors. This region is home to many of the maquiladoras, factories owned by foreign companies but worked primarily by Mexicans.

Southern Tamaulipas' economy is based primarily on the petro-chemical industries. There are petro-chemical production plants around Altamira as well as a principal Gulf coast container port, refinery facilities in Ciudad Madero and many oil-industry support service companies in Tampico, as well as a major loose-cargo port. Also of importance are the tourism and fishing industries, as well as much commercial shipping, based in Tampico and Altamira. The little village of La Pesca, in the municipality of Soto La Marina, about midway between Brownsville, Texas and Tampico, is a rapidly growing tourist area with lovely beaches and excellent fishing both in the Gulf of Mexico and the Rio Soto La Marina. The central zone contains the capital, Ciudad Victoria, and is home to much foresting and farming, as well as some industrial development. About 30% of the population lives here, both in the capital and in Ciudad Mante. Ciudad Victoria is a significant educational center, home to the Autonomous University of Tamaulipas (which also has campuses in other cities in the state), the Regional Technical Institute of Ciudad Victoria, the University of Valle de Bravo, and other institutions of learning.

At of the 1990 census, 13 percent of the homes had only dirt floors, nearly 19 percent had no running water, and over 15 percent of the homes had no electricity. This was better than the national average, but was skewed because of the high rate of development in the urban centers — in rural communities in Tamaulipas, access to running water was available in less than 40 percent of homes.

As of 2005, Tamaulipas’s economy represents 3.3% of Mexico’s total gross domestic product or 21,664 million USD. [cite book | authorlink = http://www.bancomext.gob.mx | title = Industrial Costs in Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007
publisher = Bancomext
date = 2007
location = Mexico City
pages = 102
] Tamaulipas's economy has a strong focus on export oriented manufacturing (i.e. maquiladora / INMEX). As of 2005, 258,762 people are employed in the manufacturing sector. [cite book
authorlink = http://www.bancomext.gob.mx
title = Industrial Costs in Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007
publisher = Bancomext
date = 2007
location = Mexico City
pages = 102
] Foreign direct investment in Tamaulipas was 386.2 million USD for 2005. The average wage for an employee in Tamaulipas is approximately 240 pesos per day. [cite web|title=Tamaulipas Regional Investment Guide|publisher=UnderstandMexico|url=http://www.understandmexico.com/mexico/states/tamaulipas|accessdate=2008-03-09]


The name of the state is derived from Tamaholipa, a Huastec term in which the "tam-" prefix signifies "place where." As yet, there is no scholarly agreement on the meaning of "holipa", but "high hills" is a common interpretation. (However, a native population of Tamaulipas, now extinct, was referred to as the "Olives" during the early colonial period, which is a likely Spanish transformation on "holipa".)

The area currently known as Tamaulipas has been inhabited for at least 8000 years. Several different cultures (north coastal, south coastal, lowlands, and mountains) existed during that period.

Although Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztecs rather quickly, it took a gradual process for Spain to subjugate the inhabitants of Tamaulipas in the 16th and 17th centuries. The first permanent Spanish settlement in the area was Tampico in 1554. More work along these lines was done by Franciscan missionaries, although repeated indigenous rebellions kept the area unstable. What is now Tamaulipas was first incorporated as a separate province of New Spain in 1746 with the name Nuevo Santander. The local government capital during this time moved from Santander to San Carlos, and finally to Aguayo.

After Mexico's independence from Spain, Tamaulipas continued to be an unstable region. The fight in the national government between federalist and centralist factions resulted in repeated rebellions. In January 1854, Tamaulipas was declared a state of the union during the civil war between Santa Anna and the liberal guerrilla factions that had been in power before him. Its capital was kept at Aguayo, which would later be renamed Ciudad Victoria.

It briefly became a part of the Republic of the Rio Grande.

The French occupation and reign of Emperor Maximilian during the 1860s was difficult for Tamaulipas, at least on the borders and in the city of Tampico. Portions of Tamaulipas supported the guerrilla fighters resisting the French, especially in the north. It was not until two years after French occupation began that Tamaulipas as a state finally acceded to Maximilian's rule, and it was not until 1866 that the last French soldiers left the state, leading up to Maximilian's execution in 1867.

However, the years after Maximilian's defeat were ones of rebuilding and great growth in Tamaulipas. International trade began to blossom, especially with the coming of the railroad to Tampico, which was developing as not only a port city, but an industrial and commercial center as well. The railroad allowed goods to flow quickly from the mines and cities of the interior and the Texas border to Tampico for processing and shipment. This in turn caused significant growth in towns such as Matamoros and Nuevo Laredo.

Since the revolution of 1910, successive governments have dedicated themselves to building industry and infrastructure in Tamaulipas, including communications and educational systems. Norberto Treviño Zapata founded the state university system as well as reformed the state oil industry. Marte Gómez provided increased farm sizes for private family farmers. And more recently, Emilio Martínez Manautou led industrial growth. Lately a push has been to strengthen fishing, including efforts to increase the price of fish and shellfish on the international market.

Notable people

* Rafael Sebastián Guillén Vicente, alleged by the Mexican government to be Subcommandante Marcos
*Laura Elizondo, beauty queen/model
*Laura Flores, actress
*Víctor García, singer
*Aurora Robles, supermodel
*Juan García Esquivel, composer/band leader/pianist
*Arleth Terán, actress
*Rigo Tovar, singer/songwriter/composer/actor
*Katalina Verdin, Playboy model
*Eduardo Verástegui, actor/model
*Alejandro Gomez Monteverde, director/producer
*Ismael Valdez, former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball


The state is subdivided into 43 "municipios". See municipalities of Tamaulipas.

The Largest Cities and Projects

Tampico, Bussnises Center CONEXPO, Hospital Angeles, Medica Sur Hospital ...

Nuevo Laredo, Paseo Reforma Mall Completed, Ciudad Deportiva Phase I/II Completed, Nuevo Laredo Regional Zoo Phase I Completed

Matamoros, Zoo


Ciudad Victoria, New Private Hospital

Major Cities


External links

* [http://www.tamaulipas.gob.mx/ Tamaulipas state government] .
* [http://www.pt-tamaulipas.org/ Labor Party - Tamaulipas] .
* [http://www.uat.mx/ University of Tamaulipas]
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/widgets/pager.php?object_id=meta-pth-5872&recno=462&path=/data/UNT/GLT/meta-pth-5872.tkl Colonization Laws of the State of Tamaulipas, 1826] from [http://texashistory.unt.edu/permalink/meta-pth-5872 Gammel's Laws of Texas, Vol. I.] hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History] .

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