- Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
Eastern Province — Province — الشرقيةMap of Saudi Arabia with the Eastern Province highlighted Capital Dammam Government – Governor Prince Muhammad bin Fahd Area – Total 710,000 km2 (274,132.5 sq mi) Population (2004) – Total 3,360,157 – Density 4.73/km2 (12.3/sq mi) ISO 3166-2 04
The Eastern Province (Arabic: الشرقية Ash-Sharqīyah) is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the Persian Gulf coast, and has land borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. It has an area of 710,000 km² and a population of 3,360,157 (As of 2004[update] census). Its capital is Dammam, and its governor is Prince Mohammed bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud.
The gateway to the province is King Fahd International Airport, the largest airport in the world in terms of land area.
The Saudis gained control of the area after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The inhabited areas had been known as Al-Ahsa (الأحساء) under Ottoman rule, and the entire region was mostly known as Bahrain (البحرين) from pre-Islamic times until 1521. Many Saudi history books/articles call the Eastern Province Hasa and Qatif (الأحساء و القطيف) because the most famous ancient cities in it are Qatif and Al-Hasa. Most other cities—notably Dammam and Khobar—were built in the 20th century.
Saudi Aramco, the state-owned oil producing company of Saudi Arabia, is based in Dhahran, which is located in the Eastern Province, and most decisions on oil policy and production that affect the global economy are made there. The kingdom's main oil and gas fields are mostly located in the Eastern Province, onshore and offshore. Notable among these are the ghawar oilfield and the largest crude increment in the world. Petroleum from the fields is shipped to dozens of countries from the oil port of Ras Tanura and is also used as feedstock in numerous industrial plants in Jubail.
Saudi Arabia's second major product, dates, also forms a large part of Eastern Province's economy. Every year thousands of tonnes of dates are harvested from the date palms in the giant oases of Al-Ahsa and Qatif.
List of Cities
- Al-Ahsa (Arabic: الأحساء); in addition to the traditional oasis, the region also includes the giant Empty Quarter desert, making it the largest region in Saudi Arabia in terms of area.
- Abqaiq (بقيق)
- Jubail (الجبيل)
- Ras Tanura (رأس تنورة)
- Qatif (القطيف)
- Khobar (الخبر)
- Dhahran (الظهران)
- Dammam (الدمام)
- Hafar Al-Batin (حفر الباطن)
- Khafji (الخفجي)
- No'ayriyah (النعيرية)
- Dammam: Capital of Eastern Province, the third largest city of Saudi Arabia (after Riyadh and Jeddah), and the main seaport
- Al-Ahsa : Largest oasis in the world
- Khobar: Major center for commerce
- Dhahran: Oil industry center, site of Saudi Aramco headquarters. Its home to a major base of Royal Saudi Air Force and the most prestigious Saudi university, KFUPM.
- Qatif: Large oasis on the coast of the Persian Gulf
- Jubail: One of two major industrial cities in Saudi Arabia
- Abqaiq: Home for major and largest oil and gas processing plants
- Ras Tanura: Major petroleum refining center, home for the largest oil refinery in the world, and many offshore oil platforms. Also main oil exporting seaport
- Udhayliyah: Major oil producing and processing plants
- Shayba in the Rub' al Khali (Empty Quarter), close to the border with the United Arab Emirates
- Khafji: Main industrial city, very close to the border with Kuwait. Occupied by the Iraqi forces during the Persian Gulf War. Saudi Forces aided by United States Marines victoriously engaged in the Battle of Khafji during Operation Desert Storm to free it from Iraqis
- Hafar Al-Batin: The largest city in the North-East of Saudi Arabia, it is 90 km near Kuwait and it has more than 35 villages. King Khalid Military City is 60 km South to it.
- Provinces of Saudi Arabia
- Hafar Al-Batin
- Bahrain (historical region)
- Saudi Aramco
- Empty Quarter
- King Khalid Military City
- Shi'a Islam in Saudi Arabia
- Eastern Province Emirate official website (Arabic)
- Central Department of Statistics and Informations (Arabic)
Al Muthanna Governorate, Iraq
Northern Borders Province
Al Jahra and Al Ahmadi Governorates, Kuwait Persian Gulf Riyadh Province Jariyan al Batnah, Qatar
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Eastern Province Najran Province Hadhramaut Governorate, Yemen Ad Dhahirah, Al Wusta, and Dhofar Governorate, Oman Provinces of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia topics
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