- Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
Princess Louise Margaret Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn Spouse Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Issue Princess Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden
Prince Arthur of Connaught
Princess Patricia of Connaught
Full name Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes
German: Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria Agnes
House House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of Hohenzollern
Father Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia Mother Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau Born 25 July 1860
Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 14 March 1917(aged 56)
Clarence House, London
Burial Frogmore, Windsor Prussian Royalty House of Hohenzollern Descendants of Frederick William III Great Grandchildren Princess Marie Elisabeth Anna, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg Princess Anna Victoria Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn Prince Friedrich Leopold Prince Friedrich Heinrich Albrecht Prince Joachim Albert Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes; later Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn; 25 July 1860 – 14 March 1917) was a German princess, and later a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. She also served as the Viceregal Consort of Canada, when her husband served as the Governor General of Canada from 1911 to 1916.
Princess Luise Margarete was born at Marmorpalais (Marble Palace) near Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia. Her father was Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1888), the son of Karl of Prussia (1801–1883) and his wife Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877). Her mother was Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt (1837–1906), daughter of Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau. Her father, a nephew of the German Emperor Wilhelm I, distinguished himself as a field commander during the Battle of Metz and the campaigns west of Paris in the 1870–71 Franco-Prussian War. Her father was a double cousin of the German Emperor Friedrich III, the husband of her sister-in-law, Victoria, Princess Royal.
See also: Wedding dress of Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
On 13 March 1879, Princess Luise Margarete married Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn at St. George's Chapel Windsor. Prince Arthur was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The couple got a great number of expensive gifts; the Queen's gift, for instance, consisted of a magnificent diamond tiara, a pearl and diamond penchant, among other items. Many members of England and Germany's royal families attended, such as the Prince and Princess of Wales. After her marriage, she was styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Connaught and her name was anglicised as Louise Margaret.
Duchess of Connaught
The Duchess of Connaught spent the first twenty years of her marriage accompanying her husband on his various deployments throughout the British empire. The Duke and Duchess of Connaught acquired Bagshot Park in Surrey as their country home and after 1900 used Clarence House as their London residence. She accompanied her husband to Canada in 1911, when he began his term as Governor-General. In 1916, she became colonel-in-chief of the 199th Canadian (Overseas) Infantry Battalion (The Duchess of Connaught's Own Irish-Canadian Rangers), CEF. In 1885, she became chief of the 64th (8th Brandenburg) Regiment of Infantry "Field Marshal General Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia", Prussian Army.
The Duchess of Connaught died of influenza and bronchitis at Clarence House. She became the first member of the British Royal Family to be cremated, this was done at Golders Green Crematorium. The procedure of burying ashes in an urn was still unfamiliar at the time, and her urn was transported in an ordinary coffin during the funeral ceremonies. Her ashes were eventually buried at the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore. The Duke of Connaught survived her by almost twenty-five years.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
The Duchess of Connaught
Reference style Her Royal Highness Spoken style Your Royal Highness Alternative style Ma'am
Titles and styles
- 25 July 1860 – 13 March 1879: Her Royal Highness Princess Luise Margarete of Prussia
- 13 March 1879 – 14 March 1917: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn
- CI: Companion of the Crown of India, March 1879
- VA: Royal Order of Victoria and Albert (First Class), 1893
- DStJ: Dame of Justice of St. John, 1888
- RRC: Member of the Royal Red Cross, 1883
- Dame of the Order of Louise
Image Name Birth Death Notes Princess Margaret of Connaught 15 January 1882 1 May 1920 married, 15 June 1905, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden; had issue Prince Arthur of Connaught 13 January 1883 12 September 1938 married, 15 October 1913, Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife; had issue Princess Patricia of Connaught 17 March 1886 12 January 1974 married, 27 February 1919, Captain Sir Alexander Ramsay, renouncing her title and becoming Lady Patricia Ramsay; had issue
The maternity wing attached to Aldershot's former military hospital, the Cambridge Military Hospital was also named in her honour as the Louise Margaret Maternity Hospital.
Ancestors of Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
Princess Louise Margaret of PrussiaBorn: 25 July 1860 Died: 14 July 1917
- ^ a b c "Royal Marriage Bells" (PDF), The New York Times (London), 13 March 1879, http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D03E5DF133EE73BBC4C52DFB5668382669FDE
Honorary titles Preceded by
The Countess Grey
Viceregal Consort of Canada
The Duchess of Devonshire
Prussian princesses by birthThe generations indicate descent from Frederick I, the first King of Prussia. 1st GenerationLuise Dorothea, Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel 2nd GenerationWilhemine, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth • Friederike Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach • Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel • Sophia Dorothea, Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt • Louisa Ulrika, Queen of Sweden • Princess Anna Amalia, Abbess of Quedlinburg 3rd GenerationWilhelmine, Princess of Orange • Louise, Princess Antoni Radziwiłł 4th Generation 5th GenerationCharlotte, Empress of Russia • Alexandrine, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin • Louise, Princess Frederick of the Netherlands • Frederica, Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau • Elizabeth, Princess Karl of Hesse and by Rhine • Marie, Queen of Bavaria 6th Generation 7th GenerationCharlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen • Viktoria, Princess Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe • Sophia, Queen of the Hellenes • Margaret, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel • Marie, Princess of the Netherlands and Saxe-Altenburg • Elisabeth Anna, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg • Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn 8th GenerationViktoria Luise, Duchess of Brunswick • Viktoria Margaret, Princess Heinrich XXXIII Reuss of Köstritz • Princess Marie Therese • Princess Luise Henriette • Marianne, Princess Wilhelm of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld • Princess Elisabeth 9th GenerationPrincess Alexandrine Irene • Princess Cecilie Viktoria • Princess Victoria Marina • Herzeleide, Princess Karl Biron of Courland • Barbara, Duchess Christian Louis of Mecklenburg • Princess Louise Viktoria, Mrs. Hans Reinhold 10th GenerationPrincess Felicitas • Princess Christa • Marie Cécile, Duchess Friedrich August of Oldenburg • Princess Kira, Mrs. Thomas Frank Liepsner • Princess Xenia, Mrs. Per-Edvard Lithander • Anastasia Victoria, Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg • Princess Marie Christine • Princess Victoria Marina, Mrs. Philippe Alphonse Achache • Princess Antonia, Marchioness of Douro • Princess Marie Louise, Countess von Schönburg-Glauchau • Princess Alexandra Maria • Princess Désirée Anastasia 11th GenerationPrincess Viktoria Luise • Princess Micaela • Princess Nataly • Princess Cornelie-Cécile • Princess Irina Maria British princesses by marriage 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation Princesses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, duchesses in Saxony by marriage 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationPrincess Mary of Teck*** · Alexandra, Duchess of Fife*** · Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg*** · Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria · Princess Mathilde of Bavaria 5th generationCountess Viktoria-Luise of Solms-Baruth · Denyse Henriette de Muralt^ · Johanna Károlyi de Károly-Patty^ · Edith de Kózolne^ 6th generationCarin Dabelstein^ · Freiin Gabrielle of Fürstenberg · Princess Mathilde of Saxony 7th generationKelly Rondesvedt^
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