- Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
Gustaf VI Adolf King of Sweden, of the Goths and of the Wends King of Sweden Reign 29 October 1950 – 15 September 1973 Predecessor Gustaf V Successor Carl XVI Gustaf Spouse Princess Margaret of Connaught
Issue Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland
Carl Johan Bernadotte
Full name Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf House House of Bernadotte Father Gustaf V of Sweden Mother Victoria of Baden Born 11 November 1882
The Royal Palace in Stockholm
Died 15 September 1973(aged 90)
Helsingborg Hospital, Sweden
Burial Royal Burial Grounds, Solna Religion Church of Sweden
Gustaf VI Adolf - Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf - (11 November 1882 – 15 September 1973) was King of Sweden from October 29, 1950 until his death. His official title was King of Sweden, of the Goths and of the Wends. He was the eldest son of King Gustaf V and his wife Victoria of Baden. Through his mother Victoria, Gustaf VI Adolf was a descendant of Gustav IV of Sweden of the deposed House of Holstein-Gottorp and the House of Vasa as well as the Bernadotte kings of Sweden. He was the grandfather of Queen Margarethe II of Denmark and King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
He was born at the Royal Palace in Stockholm and at birth created Duke of Skåne. On 29 October 1950, he succeeded his father on the throne. His personal motto was Plikten framför allt, "Duty before all".
He married, firstly, Princess Margaret of Connaught on 15 June 1905 in St. George's Chapel, at Windsor Castle. Princess Margaret was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of the United Kingdom.
He married, secondly, Lady Louise Mountbatten, formerly Princess Louise of Battenberg, on 3 November 1923 at St. James's Palace. She was the sister of Lord Mountbatten and aunt of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. It was Lady Louise who became Queen of Sweden. Both Queen Louise and her stepchildren were great grandchildren of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
In 1950, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf became king at age 67 upon the death of his father, King Gustaf V. He was at the time the world's oldest Crown Prince.
During Gustaf VI Adolf's reign, work was underway on a new Instrument of Government — eventually taking effect in 1975 after the king's death — to replace the 1809 constitution and produce reforms consistent with the times. Among the reforms sought by some Swedes was the replacement of the monarchy or at least some moderation of the old constitution's provision that "The King alone shall govern the realm."
Gustaf VI Adolf's personal qualities made him popular among the Swedish people and, in turn, this popularity led to strong public opinion in favour of the retention of the monarchy. Gustaf VI Adolf's expertise and interest in a wide range of fields (architecture and botany being but two) made him respected, as did his informal and modest nature and his purposeful avoidance of pomp. The monarchy was, however, made subordinate to a democratic state. Additional powers of the monarch were removed when Sweden's constitutional reform became complete in 1975.
Gustaf VI Adolf was a devoted archaeologist, and was admitted to the British Academy for his work in botany in 1958. Gustaf VI Adolf participated in archaeological expeditions in China, Greece, Korea and Italy, and founded the Swedish Institute at Rome.
The King died in 1973 close to 91 years old at Helsingborg Hospital after a deterioration in his health that culminated in pneumonia. He was succeeded on the throne by his 27-year-old grandson Carl XVI Gustaf, son of the late Prince Gustaf Adolf. In a break with tradition, he was not buried in Riddarholmskyrkan in Stockholm, but in the Royal Burial Grounds in Haga alongside his two deceased wives.
King Gustaf VI Adolf and Crown Princess Margaretha of Sweden had together five children:
Name Birth Death Notes Prince Gustav Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten 22 April 1906 26 January 1947 (aged 40) died in a plane crash, father of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland 7 June 1907 4 February 2002 (aged 94) later Count Sigvard Bernadotte af Wisborg Princess Ingrid 28 March 1910 7 November 2000 (aged 90) later Queen of Denmark; wife of Frederick IX of Denmark and mother of the present Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland 28 February 1912 5 January 1997 (aged 84) married Lillian Davies, no issue Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna 31 October 1916 later Count Carl Johan, Bernadotte af Wisborg, married Countess Gunilla Wachtmeister af Johannishus, had adopted issue
Crown Princess Margaretha of Sweden died suddenly on 1 May 1920 of an infection following surgery. At the time, she was eight months pregnant and expecting her sixth child.
Prince Gustaf Adolf later married Lady Louise Mountbatten, on 3 November 1923. This second marriage produced only one stillborn daughter on 30 May 1925.
King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
Reference style His Majesty Spoken style Your Majesty Alternative style Sir
Upon his creation as Duke of Skåne, Gustaf VI was granted a coat of arms with the arms of Skåne in base. These arms can be seen on his stall-plates both as Knight of the Swedish order of the Seraphim in the Riddarsholmskyrkan in Sweden, but also the Frederiksborg Chapel in Copenhagen, Denmark as an Knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant. Upon his accession to the throne in 1950, he assumed the Arms of Dominion of Sweden.
Arms of Gustaf VI as Duke of Skåne. Arms of Gustaf VI Adolf as King.
The King's reputation as a "professional amateur professor" was widely known; nationally and internationally, and among his relatives.
Gustaf VI Adolf had an enormous private library consisting of 80 000 volumes and - nearly more impressively – he actually had read the main part of the books. He had an interest in specialist literature on Chinese art and East Asian history. Throughout his life, King Gustaf VI Adolf was particularly interested in the history of civilization, and he participated in several archaeological expeditions. His other great area of interest was botany, concentrating in flowers and gardening. He was considered an expert on the Rhododendron flower. At Sofiero (The king's summer residence) he created one of the very finest Rhododendron collections.
32. Henri Bernadotte 16. Charles XIV John of Sweden 33. Jeanne de St. Vincent 8. Oscar I of Sweden 34. François Clary 17. Désirée Clary 35. Françoise Rose Somis 4. Oscar II of Sweden 36. Alexandre de Beauharnais 18. Eugène de Beauharnais 37. Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie 9. Josephine of Leuchtenberg 38. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria 19. Princess Augusta of Bavaria 39. Landgravine Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt 2. Gustaf V of Sweden 40. Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg 20. Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg 41. Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau 10. William, Duke of Nassau 42. Wilhelm Georg, Count of Sayn-Hachenburg, Burgrave of Kirchberg 21. Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg 43. Isabella Auguste Reuss of Greiz 5. Sofia of Nassau 44. Frederick I of Württemberg 22. Prince Paul of Württemberg 45. Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 11. Princess Pauline of Württemberg 46. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg 23. Catherine Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen 47. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden 48. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach 24. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden 49. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz 12. Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden 50. Baron Ludwig Heinrich Philipp Geyer von Geyersberg 25. Louise Caroline of Hochberg 51. Countess Maximiliana Christiane of Sponeck 6. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden 52. Gustaf III of Sweden 26. Gustaf IV Adolf of Sweden 53. Sophia Magdalena of Denmark 13. Sophie of Sweden 54. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden 27. Frederica of Baden 55. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt 3. Victoria of Baden 56. Frederick William II of Prussia 28. Frederick William III of Prussia 57. Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt 14. William I, German Emperor 58. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg 29. Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 59. Landgravine Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt 7. Princess Louise of Prussia 60. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 30. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 61. Landgravine Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt 15. Augusta of Saxe-Weimar 62. Paul I of Russia 31. Maria Pavlovna of Russia 63. Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
Gustaf VI Adolf of SwedenBorn: 11 November 1882 Died: 15 September 1973
- Royal House of Sweden and Royal House of Norway
- Royal House of Great-Britain and Ireland
- Princely House of Battenberg
Regnal titles Preceded by
King of Sweden
Carl XVI Gustaf
Swedish royalty Preceded by
Gustaf, Duke of Värmland
Heir to the Swedish throne
Carl Gustaf, Duke of Jämtland
later became Carl XVI Gustaf
VacantTitle last held byCharles XV Duke of Skåne
Vacant Preceded by
Edward VII of the United Kingdom
President of Organizing Committee for Summer Olympic Games
Henri de Baillet-Latour
Swedish princes 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationWładysław IV Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania# · Prince Christopher# · Prince John Casimir# · John II Casimir Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania# · Prince Alexander Charles# · John Albert, Prince-Bishop of Warmia and Kraków# · Prince Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Opole# 4th generationPrince Sigismund Casimir# · Prince John Sigismund# · Charles XI 5th generation 6th generationAdolf Frederick* 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation 12th generation 13th generation 14th generation 15th generation*prince through adoption or election
**also prince of Norway
^lost his title due to an unequal marriage
#also prince of Poland and Lithuania
~also prince by marriage
Monarchs of Sweden Munsöc.970–c.1060 Stenkilc.1060–c.1130
Sverker · Ericc.1130–1250 Bjelbo1250–1364 Mecklenburg1364–1389Albert Kalmar UnionItalics indicate
Holstein-Gottorp1751–1818 Bernadottesince 1818
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