- 1912 Summer Olympics
Name = Games of the V Olympiad
Size = 200
Optional caption =
Host city =
Nations participating = 28
Athletes participating = 2,407 (2,359 men, 48 women)
Events = 102 in 14
Opening ceremony =
May 5, 1912
Closing ceremony =
July 27, 1912
Officially opened by = King Gustaf V |Athlete's Oath=
Stadium = Olympiastadion
The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an
international multi-sport eventwhich was celebrated in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. For the first time, competitors in the Games came from all five continentssymbolized in the Olympic rings. Also for the first time since 1896, all athletic events were held within a reasonably short time span of about one month, from late June to late July (though the opening ceremony was still held much earlier). It was the last time that solid gold medals were awarded; modern medals are usually gold plated silver. The main arena was Stockholms Olympiastadion.
A winter sports week for the 1912 Games featuring figure skating was rejected by organizers because they wanted to promote the
Nordic Games, a quadrennial sporting event, instead.
Francisco Lázaro, a Portuguese runner died from the heat while running the marathon, the first athlete in the history of the modern Olympics to die during competition.
*A Greco-Roman Wrestling bout between Klein and Asikainen lasted 11 hours and forty minutes—the world's longest wrestling match. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics_2004/wrestling/history/default.stm Ancient art back in Athens] BBC story, 16 March 2004] [ [http://thelongestlistofthelongeststuffatthelongestdomainnameatlonglast.com/long358.html The World's Longest Wrestling Match] (thelongestlistofthelongeststuffatthelongestdomainnameatlonglast.com)] After Klein finally took the victory, he was too tired to compete in the final. Thus Johansson, the other wrestler to make the final-three to determine the medals, whose only loss in the elimination rounds had been the double loss to Asikainen, became the gold medalist.
Jim Thorpewon the pentathlonand the newly created decathlon. He was disqualified because of violation of the principles of amateurism, but was reinstated in 1982.
* Swedish marksman
Oscar Swahnbecame the oldest Olympic gold medalist (up to that time), at the age of 64, in the deer-shooting event.
* Women's events in
swimmingand divingwere introduced.
* Sweden, as the host country, refused to allow boxing events.
World War II General George S. Pattontook part in the first modern pentathloncompetition. Modern pentathlon was the idea of Pierre de Coubertin.
* In athletics, electric timing devices were first used.
* This was the last Olympics where "private entries" were allowed (ie not part of a country's officially selected team).
Arnold Jacksonwas one such, winning the 1500m by 0.1 second, ahead of an American trio, who were strong favourites, in what was acclaimed at the time as "the greatest race ever run". Aged 21, he remains the youngest ever winner of this event.
* For the first time, Serbian athletes took part. They were the representatives of
Kingdom of Serbiaand were sent by the Serbian Olympic Club: sprinter Dušan Milošević, who ranked third in the 100 m qualification group and marathon runner Dragutin Tomašević, who finished in 37th position.
* Ewart Douglas Horsfall won his first two gold medals for Great Britain in rowing. He has widely been considered Britain's greatest rower prior to Steve Redgrave.
* 1912 saw the first
art competitions at the Olympic Games, a tradition that was to be kept up until 1948. Only two persons have won Olympic medals in both sport and art competitions. Walter Winans, an American who lived in England, won a gold medal as a marksman at the 1908 Summer Olympics in the running deer (double shot) competition. In 1912, he won another shooting medal — silver this time — in the running deer team competition. By then, he had already won a gold medal for his sculpture An American trotter. The other Olympian with successes in both fields is Alfréd Hajósof Hungary. As a swimmer, he won two gold medals at the 1896 Athens Olympics. Twenty-eight years later, he was awarded a silver medal in architecture for his stadium design, co-designed with Dezső Lauber.
International Olympic Committee
IOC country codes
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1912 IOC Stockholm 1912 Page]
* [http://www.okscg.org.yu/i105e.htm Serbian Olympic Committee]
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