Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda

Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda
Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda

Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda
Born Ali Akbar Ghazvini
Iran Tehran
Died March 9, 1956
Occupation Lexicographer, Linguist, Satirist
Nationality Iranian
Notable work(s) Amsal o Hekam (Proverbs and Mottos),
Dehkhoda Dictionary,
Charand o' Parand (pronounced: Ùarand o parand)(fiddle-faddle),
French-Persian Dictionary,
Note: In some Wikipedia articles, the word "Dehkhoda" can refer to "Dehkhoda's Dictionary" or Dehkhoda himself.

Allameh Ali Akbar Dehkhoda (علی‌اکبر دهخدا in Persian; 1879–March 9, 1956) was a prominent Iranian linguist, and author of the most extensive dictionary of the Persian language ever published.



Dehkhoda was born in Tehran to parents from Qazvin. His father died when he was only 10 years old. Dehkhoda quickly excelled in Persian literature, Arabic and French and graduated from College studying political science.

He was also active in politics, and served in the Majles as a Member of Parliament from Kerman and Tehran. He also served as Dean of Tehran School of Political Science and later the School of Law of the University of Tehran.[1]

In 1903, he went to the Balkan Peninsula as an Iranian embassy employee, but came back to Iran two years later and became involved in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran.

In Iran Dehkhoda, Mirza Jahangir Khan and Ghasem Khan had been publishing the Sur-e Esrafil newspaper for about two years, but the authoritarian king Mohammad Ali Shah disbanded the parliament and banished Dehkhoda and some other liberalists into exile in Europe. There he continued publishing articles and editorials, but when Mohammad Ali Shah was deposed in 1911, he returned to the country and became a member of the new Majles.

He is buried in Ebn-e Babooyeh cemetery in Shahr-e Ray, near Tehran.[2]

In his article "First Iranian Scholar who authored the Most Extensive & Comprehensive Farsi Dictionary," Manouchehr Saadat Noury wrote that,

The literary and commentary works of Ali Akbar Dehkhoda (AAD) actually started through his collaboration with Journal of Soor Esrafeel where he created a satirical political column entitled as Nonsense or Fiddle-Faddle (in Persian: Charand Parand). The Persian term of Dakho was his signature or his pen name for that column. Dakho means not only as the Administrator of a Village (in Persian: Dehkhoda or Kadkhoda), but it also refers to a Naive or an Unsophisticated Person (in Persian: Saadeh Lowh).


Dehkhoda translated Montesquieu's De l'esprit des lois (The Spirit of the Laws) into Persian. He has also written Amsal o Hekam ("Proverbs and Mottos") in four volumes, a French-Persian Dictionary, and other books, but his lexicographic masterpiece is Loghat-naameh-ye Dehkhoda ("Dehkhoda Dictionary"), the largest Persian dictionary ever published, in 15 volumes. Dr. Mohammad Moin accomplished Dehkhoda's unfinished volumes according to Dehkhoda's request after him. Finally the book was published after forty five years of efforts of Dehkhoda.


  1. ^ "University of Tehran" (in (Persian)). Retrieved 2010-09-07. 
  2. ^ Photograph of Dehkhoda's grave: (1), (2).

See also

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ali Akbar Dehkhoda — Allāmeh Ali Akbar Dehkhodā oder Ali Akbar Dehkhodā (persisch ‏علی اکبر دهخدا‎)‎ (* 1879 in Teheran; † 9. März 1959 ebenda) war ein iranischer Linguist und Autor des Wörterbuchs von Dehkhod …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ali Akbar Dehkhoda — Note: Dans certains articles de Wikipédia, le mot Dehkhoda peut se référer au Dictionnaire Dehkhoda ou à Dehkhoda lui même. Le jeune Dehkhoda était impliqué en politique. Allameh Ali Akbar Dehkhoda (علی‌اکبر دهخدا en persan), Téhéran, 1879 – 9… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dehkhoda — Ali Akbar Dehkhoda Allāmeh Ali Akbar Dehkhodā oder Ali Akbar Dehkhodā (persisch ‏علی اکبر دهخدا‎)‎ (* 1879 in Teheran; † 9. März 1959 ebenda) war ein bekannter iranischer Linguist und Autor des Wörterbuchs von Dehkhodā (Loghat nāmeh ye Dehkhodā)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dehkhoda Dictionary — is the largest lexical compilation of the Persian language. The Dehkhoda Dictionary (Persian: لغت‌نامه دهخدا) is the largest comprehensive Persian dictionary ever published, comprising 15 volumes (more than 26000 pages). The complete work is an… …   Wikipedia

  • Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute — The Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute (International Center for Persian Studies) is the main official international center for teaching the Persian language and literature in Iran. It was founded in 1945 and is now part of the University of Tehran.… …   Wikipedia

  • Dictionnaire Dehkhoda — Le Dictionnaire Dehkhoda (en persan : لغت‌نامه دهخدا) est le plus important dictionnaire en persan jamais écrit, en 15 volumes (26 000 pages). Le livre fut publié après quarante cinq ans d efforts de la part d Ali Akbar Dehkhoda et d un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ali Hujwiri — Religion Islam School Hanafi, Sufi Personal …   Wikipedia

  • Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh — (en persan : محمدعلی جمال‌زاده) (ou Djamalzadeh), né le 13 janvier 1896 à Esfahan en Iran et décédé le 8 novembre 1997 en Suisse, vécut notamment en Suisse (pays où se réfugia quelque temps le pamphlétaire et journaliste iranien Ali Akbar… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jahangir-Khan Sur-e-Esrafil — Mirzā Jahāngir Khān (ميرزا جهانگيرخان) Mirzā Jahāngir Khān (≈1870, or 1875, Shiraz June 4, 1908, Tehran) (Persian: میرزا جهانگیرخان), mostly known as Mirzā Jahāngir Khān Shirāzi (شيرازى ) and Jahāngir Khān e Sūr e Esrāfil (جهانگیرخان صوراسرافیل) …   Wikipedia

  • Dehchodas Lexikon — Handschriftliche Notiz Dehkhodas: „Was der Leser dieses Wörterbuches hier vorfindet, ist nicht das Lebenswerk einer einzigen Person, sondern das Lebenswerk vieler Personen“ Das Wörterbuch von Dehkhoda oder Dehkhodas Lexikon (persisch ‏لغت‌نامه… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”