The announcement of the National Democratic Alliance in May 1998 signaled the first step in the building of the coalition, which formed the government in 1998, but collapsed within a year because the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), a state political party in the states of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, pulled out. It proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a greater majority and new alliances. The NDA governed under A.B Vajpayee for a full five years, and hence, and was widely expected to win the 2004 elections. However, post-elections, a coalition led by the main opposition Congress party staked a claim to form the government with support from non-aligned parties. The formation of the United Progressive Alliance, the Congress-led coalition, was inspired by the structure of the NDA, with one major national party at the helm and several regional parties participating.
Given the tendency of political parties in India to make and break alliances frequently, the National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure in place, such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies. Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener[when?], was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav who is the National President of the JD(U)[clarification needed].
Past and present members
Currently, the thirteen parties in the NDA are:
Indian Federal Democratic Party - Its leader, P.C. Thomas, was a minister in the Vajpayee government and the only member of parliament in the alliance from Kerala. Following the 2004 election, he merged his party with the Kerala Congress, which is aligned with the Left.
Trinamool Congress - West Bengal - Withdrew from the alliance at the end of 2007. Joined the Congress party before the 2009 elections.
Parties who gave outside support, but are no longer allies:
Telugu Desam Party - In the monsoon session of parliament of 2005, the TDP decided not to continue as part of an NDA boycott of parliament. Speculation of an end to the NDA-TDP relationship was confirmed in August of that year, when the BJP and TDP contested local elections in Andhra Pradesh on their own. The TDP was the founding member of the Third Front in 2009.
Past General Election Alliances of BJP (NDA)(Before 2004)
The BJP has allied with various parties before the 15th Lok Sabha. Most of the parties with which it has tied are already listed above. The BJP and Shiromani Akali Dal in Punjab, BJP and Rashtriya Lok Dal in Uttar Pradesh, BJP and Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) mainly in Bihar but also in many other states. In those states the JD(U) does not have presence but it will be given two or three seats. The BJP and Asom Gana Parishad have a tie in Assam. The BJP and the Shiv Sena tie in Maharashtra. Other small parties like NPF, GJM, KPP and Uttarakhand Kranti Dal may get very few seats or may not contest at all. In the state of Tamil Nadu where the BJP is in disarray. Senior BJP leader Venkaiah Naidu has stitched up a seven-party front with the BJP at its head. This front consists of small parties who are unlikely to win any seats. In fact The BJP itself has won only four seats as their best performance in the state which has 39 seats. The following is a list of parties in this front and how many seats they will contest:
BJP - thirteen seats
JD(U) - two seats
All India Samathuva Makkal Katchi - led by actor Sarath Kumar - five seats
Nadalum Makkal Katchi - led by actor Karthick - two seats
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